Two competing regional trade plans, while sharing the aims of liberalising trade and improving economic integration, are making many Asean countries nervous at the same time.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) has the backing of the United States while the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is favoured by China.
Smaller countries might resent being put in a position where they feel they have to choose between the two. But Vietnam has confidently embraced the TPP, believing it could increase its exports while helping the country attract more foreign investment.
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