How bad is corruption in Thailand? A quick perusal of the literature is enough to plunge even the most optimistic person into despair, whether it be about attitudes towards the legal system and police, civil service, tax, land or customs bureaucracies.
Transparency International, in its 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index, ranked Thailand 102nd out of 175 countries, with an equivalent score to Ecuador, Moldova and Panama and just slightly better than Argentina, Bolivia, Gabon, Mexico and Niger. Just 12 years earlier, Thailand ranked 61st out of 91 countries.
But Bandid Nijathaworn, president and chief executive officer of the Thai Institute of Directors (IoD), said he is actually more optimistic than ever that the country could be on a “tipping point” for change.
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