Construction of buildings, bridges, tunnels, off-shore cities, machines, high-tech products, and nuclear energy production. All had become a private enterprise business, all have patent rights and can't be found available to public unless the proper price and arrangements are made.
That's what is called R&D which has become so essential for any country to keep pace with technical and scientific progress.
Production of nuclear energy , or the acquisition of nuclear technology is so essential and axial necessity to all countries, this can't be canned and supplied at request for a price
The frenzy the US is displaying against Iran's ambitions to acquire nuclear energy technology is quite unjustified and a defiance to sovereignty . Iran has declared its committment to IAEA and the treaties , Iran is entitled to innocence as long as it is unproved otherwise. False allegations have always inverse impact.
One can't ponopolise science and knowledge , can't terrorise progress of others and keep it for himself.
About Iran's attempts to acquire nuclear technology , none can argue on that right. Iran had signed the non-proliferation treaty, unless there is evidence on violation , none can deny Iran that right.
News from Britain say the US is preparing for an offensive upon Iran, I hope this is not true. Iran will take retaliation destructive actions against the US, there is no single doubt about that. Innocent humans will pay the price in vain, only death and destruction will be produced on Iran and on the US . Only chaos and terrorism will profit . Is that what the naughty Bush wants ?
A word to the good US citizens ; TOPPLE and remove Bush , he will take you into hell if you give him more time. Iran has TEETH . Iran is not Vietnam or Iraq . It has sharp fangs and claws, VERY sharp. Above all Iran has done nothing against any. Iran's only concern is its security and its trategic and social interests.
Knowing that Israel is already acquires an active arsenal of nukes, how about saying few words against its vicious behaviour ? I hope Iran is not your only speciality.
I remind you again , that there's absolutely no evidence on Iran's violation to the treaties and IAEA regulations. Your opinions and imaginations are unaccountable.
Let us highlight the immediate menace , the Israeli ready-for-use arsenal of nukes, that's what needs our attention and concern. Israel has a long record of crimes against humanity, on laws and treratiers violations , of non-commiting to the UNSC resolutions, what more you need to put Israel into trial ?
Besides, the US or its traditional alliance need no excuse if they decide to invade Iran, See what they've done to Iraq ?, perfect operation of vandalism , perfect fabrication of lies and reasons to kill and spread terror, they nedd not excuses, they're born predators
This is the clue why the world do not want Iranian or any other Arabs to have such dangerous weapon. You can replace IRAN instead of Israel or any Arab countries.
If you are an Iranian, you must think Why the world do not trust us ?. I worked in Teheran and I know them some, especially about their accountabily.
Nuclear plants must wait for changes to law
2004 law restricts atomic energy usage
The government needs to amend a law regarding nuclear energy development to cover power production or Thailand cannot build any nuclear power plants in the future. Only small-scale activities without military applications, such as medical treatment and food preservation, are allowed to use nuclear energy under the country's Atomic Energy for Peace Act 2004, according to Kamol Takabut, director of the mechanical engineering division at the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (Egat).
''Therefore, the scope of activities must be revised to cover nuclear power plants, too,'' said Dr Kamol, who is one of 10 experts in nuclear technology in Thailand.
According to Dr Kamol, the Energy Ministry set up a committee to study nuclear power plant implementation in April. The body is scheduled to submit a master plan for nuclear power plants in October.
Contents of the master plan will include proposals for relevant laws and regulations, a regulatory body, safety measures, public-relations plans, a community engagement programme and recommendations on the appropriate technology for nuclear power plants.
''If the new government approves the master plan, Thailand will have two nuclear power plants with electricity generating capacity of 1,000 megawatts each in the next 13 years,'' said Dr Kamol.
According to the 15-year Power Development Plan drawn up by the Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO), nuclear power would contribute 5% of the overall energy supply in Thailand by 2020, and increase to 9% the next year with supply capacity of 4,000 megawatts.
''Appropriate technology is whatever that gets acceptance from the government and local communities,'' said Dr Kamol.
The committee will offer an opportunity to any company that wants to make nuclear technology presentations.
Toshiba has already presented its boiling water reactor (BWR) technology, followed by Mitsubishi with proposals for a pressurised water reactor (PWR). Currently, the committee has appointments to meet Areva of France for a PWR presentation in September. After that it will meet GE for a BWR demonstration and a Russian company offering PWR technology.
Investment costs for building a nuclear power plant total US$2,000 per kilowatt, so Thailand roughly would need $8 billion to build two nuclear power plants by 2021, noted Dr Kamol.
''We'll know about sources of funds only when the government puts the construction of nuclear power plants up for bidding,'' said Dr Kamol.
Nuclear power plants should be located adjacent to beaches. The committee says places with huge potential include Ao Phai in Chon Buri; Ban Bangberd, Ban Lamthaen and Ban Lamyang in Prachuap Khiri Khan; Ban Thongching in Chumphon; and Ban Klongmuang in Phuket.
Nevertheless, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the world's centre of co-operation in the nuclear field, does not allow atomic plants in densely populated areas so those venues would not be selected, said Dr Kamol.
Despite the fact that the master plan has bot been approved yet, the committee must work on public relations immediately in order to educate local people about the importance of nuclear power plants.
Dr Kamol noted that the Japanese government began sending officials to villages up to 20 years before nuclear plants were built.
Egat is now recruiting 10 engineers to join its nuclear engineering division this year. The division will require 36 officials in 2010, according to an IAEA recommendation.
The 439 nuclear power plants currently operating in 33 countries around the world have a combined electricity generating capacity of 385,505 megawatts. In addition, 36 plants with a combined capacity of 71,460 megawatts are under construction.
PWN -- An enclosed reservoir is sized and located in relation to the steam generator of a pressurized water nuclear reactor power plant so that upon a loss of feedwater flow to the steam generator, a gravity induced supplementary flow into the steam generator is automatically initiated to dissipate the residual heat generated in the reactor. The height of the reservoir is the same as the distance between upper and lower design limits on steam generator feedwater level. The top of the steam generator is fluidly connected to the top of the reservoir to equalize the pressure therebetween. The gravity induced flow from the reservoir to the steam generator produces a water level in the steam generator that stays within the upper and lower design limits
Advanced Pressurized Water Reactor is a type of nuclear reactor which is an improved version of existing Pressurized Water Reactor types. Examples include Westinghouse's AP600 and AP1000, Areva's EPR and Mitsubishi's US-APWR. Westinghouse has obtained approval of two standard plant types; the AP600 and the AP1000, the later of which is expected to see construction before 2010. An EPR is currently being constructed in Finland. Mitsubishi's US-APWR is in the pre-application stage of the NRC's licensing process.
BWR -- Plants with Greater Efficiency & Output
GE provides technology-based products and services that help owners of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) nuclear power plants safely operate their plants with greater efficiency and output. We also offer the proven Advanced BWR (ABWR) design. The ABWR nuclear plant is an economically competitive option for utilities that need additional baseload power generation capacity. The ABWR provides low cost, emission-free electricity. It can be built in only four years for a cost ranging from $1,400 to $1,600 USD per kW, depending on the host country. The ABWR has been licensed in three countries, including the United States, Japan and Taiwan. GE is also a market leader in the design and manufacture of harsh environment sensors.
ENERGY / DECISION ON LOCATION EXPECTED BY OCTOBER
Naval base proposed as site for nuclear plant
The armed forces have offered a naval base in Chon Buri as a possible site for a nuclear power plant if other sites face opposition, a source said yesterday. The military's proposal could help the project along, although the government has yet to finalise a decision on whether to build such a plant.
Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont recently dusted off the plan, suspended for more than 20 years, citing the need for energy security.
The government considers Ranong, Chumphon and Surat Thani as the best sites, as they are close to the sea. The station needs water to cool its reactors.
The government has drawn up plans for a nuclear plant that could generate 4,000 megawatts by 2021.
The source said the naval base in Sattahip district fitted the conditions required for such a plant.
''Geographically, the Sattahip navy base is suitable as the water there is deep and it is remote from the local community,'' a source said.
Science and Technology Minister Yongyuth Yutthawong refused to react to the armed forces' offer, saying he had not been consulted.
''I can't say whether it is true or not. What I can say right now is that no decision has been made on the site. We need more time,'' he said.
He added that the ministry has been waiting for the government to approve a 10-million-baht budget to educate people about nuclear energy, and hold public hearings.
''We can't construct the plant without public support,'' he said.
Construction of the plant would take five years to complete and a decision on where to build it could be reached by October.
Korb Krittayakeeron, a former National Science and Technology Development Agency official, is chair of a committee on the feasibility of the plant, with six sub-committees also looking at the issue.
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