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The Bang Rakam Model promoted by the PM for flood relief and control has its good points, say Bang Rakam residents, but it needs some adjustments.
Farmer Winai Taweekantai makes an earth dyke before pumping water out of his rice field in Bang Rakam district, which is recovering from the deluge. SOMCHAI POOMLARD
The Bang Rakam model
Early in the flood season last August, the new prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra visited Pitsanulok's Bang Rakam district and was impressed with how the people in the inundated areas there were coping.
Thus, was born the "Bang Rakam Model" in which local communities would set up one-stop service centres for flood victims. Where possible, water diversion systems would be set up similar to the one between the Yom and Nan rivers – seen as a long-term solution to flooding in Phitsanulok.
Wiboon Tangkasemwiboon, former chairman of the Bang Rakam Tambon Administration Organisation, is a key figure in implementing the plan in the area. He says it is only a rough framework and local residents and stakeholders are the ones who must help shape the scheme.
"Bang Rakam residents can live with the flood, as it brings nutrients and aquatic animals to our community every year. Our challenge, however, is how to deal with non-seasonal floods which hit us during the rice-harvesting period," he said.
Mr Wiboon commented that the current Bang Rakam model focused too much on flood-relief operations, while the locals think it should have a greater focus on water management.
According to Mr Wiboon, the model should include measures on how to delay floodwater from arriving in the district before the harvesting period in September. The opening of sluice gates in the district's waterways should be adjusted to better drain water out of the district in the wet season and to keep water in the area for longer during the dry season.
Community development experts, however, have warned that the proposed water diversion project on the Yom and Nan rivers under the Bang Rakam Model could lead to conflicts between the upstream and downstream communities.
Adapted from a story in today's Bangkok Post by Apinya Wipatayotin.
cope – to deal successfully with a difficult situation รับมือกับ
community – the people living in one particular area ชุมชน
victim – someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as a disaster, illness or an accident เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย
diversion – causing something to change direction การเบนเส้นทางเดินน้ำ
similar – like somebody/something but not exactly the same คล้ายกัน
solution – a way of solving a problem or dealing with a difficult situation วิธีแก้ปัญหา
key – very important ที่สำคัญ
figure – someone who is important in some way บุคคลสำคัญ
implement – to make something such as an idea, plan, system or law start to work and be used นำแผนหรือนโยบายมาปฏิบัติ, นำมาใช้
rough – not exact; not including all details คร่าวๆ
framework – a system of rules, ideas or beliefs that is used to plan or decide something ขอบข่ายงาน, โครงร่าง
local – in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about ท้องถิ่น
residents – people who live in a particular area ประชาชนที่อาศัยในท้องที่
stakeholder – someone who has an interest in the success of a plan, system, or organization, for example a worker in a company or the parent of a child at a school ผู้ถือผลประโยชน์ร่วม
scheme – a plan that is developed by a government or large organisation in order to provide a particular service for people แผนการ โครงการ
nutrient – a substance that is needed to keep a living thing alive and to help it to grow ธาตุอาหาร, สารอาหาร
aquatic – growing or living in or near water เกี่ยวกับน้ำ
challenge – something that needs a lot of skill, energy, and determination to deal with or achieve สิ่งที่ท้าทาย, การท้าทาย
harvest – the activity of collecting a crop, in this case a rice crop การเก็บเกี่ยวผลผลิต
current – of the present time ปัจจุบัน
focus – to give attention, effort, etc. to one particular subject, situation or person rather than another เพ่งความสนใจ
relief – help; assistance การช่วยให้พ้นภัย
operation – an activity which is planned to achieve something การดำเนินการ
measure – an action taken to solve a particular problem มาตรการ
delay – to make something happen at a later time หน่วง, ซื้อเวลา, ยืดเวลา
sluice gate – a gate that can be opened or closed to control the flow water along a passage ประตูน้ำปิดเปิดบังคับการไหลของน้ำในคลอง
adjust – to change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable ปรับ
drain – to cause water or fluid to flow out ระบายออก
expert – someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ
proposed – suggested as an idea for a group to consider ถูกเสนอ
conflict – an angry disagreement between people or groups ความขัดแย้ง
upstream –along a river, in the opposite direction to which the river is flowing ต้นน้ำ
downstream – in the direction that a river or stream is flowing ตามกระแสน้ำ