Easy English news
Thai rice farmers got some encouragement yesterday morning when soothsayers determined that rice harvests would be good, water adequate and the country would see an abundance of food.
Please join us on our facebook page:http://www.facebook.com/bangkokpostlearning
Two sacred white oxen, named Phra Ko Fah and Phra Ko Sai, are offered a tray of various food items during the Royal Ploughing Ceremony at Sanam Luang yesterday. TAWATCHAI KEMGUMNERD
Royal Ploughing Ceremony
Thai rice farmers got some encouragement yesterday morning when soothsayers at the annual Royal Ploughing Ceremony at Sanam Luang determined that rice harvests would be good, water adequate and the country would see an abundance of food.
His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn arrived at the ceremonial ground at 8.30am and presided over the ceremony in the presence of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, government officials, farmers and people from all over the country.
The ceremony in progress. TAWATCHAI KEMGUMNERD
Supachai Banphapthong, deputy permanent secretary for agriculture and cooperatives, served as the Lord of the Plough during the ceremony which has been performed since the Sukhothai period some 700 years ago to mark the beginning of the traditional rice planting season and boost the morale of farmers.
Mr Supachai, the Lord of the Plough, picked up a piece of cloth measuring six palms, which indicated that there would be a fair amount of water and that rice fields in low-lying areas would give good yields but those on high grounds would give low yields.
Two sacred white oxen were then taken to plough the ceremonial ground, herded by the Lord of the Plough.
Dishes of seven types of food and drinks – grass, paddy, maize, sesame seeds, soy bean, water and liquor – were offered to the oxen and their choices were used to make predictions for the upcoming year.
The oxen ate grass, indicating that there would be a fairly adequate amount of water, bountiful food supplies and good rice yields.
This year, 900 kilogrammes of rice seeds of various strains were strewn all over the ceremonial ground after the ceremony.
Fast-reacting members of the crowd begin the stampede to collect rice seeds at the conclusion of the ceremony. TAWATCHAI KEMGUMNERD
As every year, the crowds witnessing the traditional ceremony waited until the rites were completed and then stampeded onto the field to collect the sacred rice seeds.
Farmers believe these seeds are lucky and will help their fields flourish. They are also often traded.
Adapted from an online Bangkok Post story.
sacred – considered to be holy ศักดิ์สิทธิ์
oxen – males cows วัวตัวผู้
Royal Ploughing Ceremony – a ceremony begun in the Sukhothai period 700 years ago to mark the beginning of the traditional rice planting season and boost the morale of farmers พระราชพิธีพืชมงคลจรดพระนังคัลแรกนาขวัญ
encouragement – words or actions that give someone confidence or hope คำให้กำลังใจ
soothsayer – a person who is believed to be able to tell what will happen in the future ผู้คาดการณ์อนาคต
annual – happening once a year ประจำปี
determine – to decide what will be done or happen กำหนด
harvest – the activity of collecting a crop, in this case a rice crop การเก็บเกี่ยวผลผลิต
adequate – good enough or large enough for a particular purpose พอเพียง
abundance – large amounts ความมากมาย,ความอุดมสมบูรณ์
preside – to be in charge of a ceremony, official meeting, or other event (ทรง) เป็นประธานในพิธี
deputy – a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation รอง
permanent secretary – a government official, not a political appointee, in charge of a ministry ปลัดกระทรวง
agriculture – the science or practice of farming เกษตรกรรม, การเกษตร
cooperative – a farm or business owned and run by the people involved, with the profits shared by them สมาคมสหกรณ์
mark – to celebrate something เพื่อเฉลิมฉลอง
traditional – of a custom, a way of life or a way of doing things that has not changed for a long time เป็นประเพณี, ตามธรรมเนียม
boost morale – to increase the amount of enthusiasm that a person or group of people feel about their situation at a particular time สร้่างขวัญกำลังใจ
palm – the inner surface of he hand between the wrist and the fingers ฝ่ามือ
indicate – to show that something is true, exists or will happen แสดง, ทำให้รู้
yield – an amount of something produced ผลผลิต
plough – to dig and turn over a field or other area of land with a large piece of farming equipment called a plough ไถ
herd – to make animals move together as a group ต้อนสัตว์
paddy – rice as it comes from the field after harvest ข้าวเปลือก
maize – a tall plant grown in many parts of the world for its yellow seeds which are eaten as food, made into flour or fed to animals ข้าวโพด
sesame – a tropical plant grown for its seeds and their oil, which are used in cooking งา
soy bean – a type of bean, originally from SE Asia, that is used instead of meat or animal protein in some types of food ถั่วเหลือง
liquor – strong alcoholic drink สุราที่ได้จากการกลั่น
prediction – a statement about what you think will happen in the future คำพยากรณ์,คำทำนาย,การพยากรณ์
upcoming – happening soon; available soon ซึ่งกำลังจะเกิดขึ้น, ซึ่งกำลังจะมา
bountiful – large in amount; abundant อุดม, สมบูรณ์,
strain – a particular type of plant, virus, animal, or insect สายพันธุ์
strewn – covered with things, especially in a disordered way อีฉุยอีแฉก, กระจัดกระจาย
react – to behave in a particular way because of something that is happening around you or something that someone is doing to you ตอบสนอง, เกิดปฏิกิริยา
stampede – (of a large group of people or animals) to run in an uncontrolled way because they are frightened or excited
conclusion – the final part of something การสิ้นสุดลง
witness – to see something happen – มองเห็น, เป็นพยาน
rite – a traditional ceremony, especially a religious one พิธีกรรม (พระราชพิธี)
flourish – to grow or develop successfully เจริญรุ่งเรือง
trade – to exchange something that you have for something else แลกเปลี่ยน