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Earthquake felt in Bangkok (Monday update)

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At about 8:12 yesterday morning, I was at my computer and the desk seemed to be swaying slightly and I began to feel disoriented. Yes, it was the effects of a faraway earthquake and today we have many more details on what happened. 

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A man sits under the Radana Thinga Bridge over the Irrawaddy River, still under construction, after it collapsed following Sunday morning's 6.8-magnitude earthquake near Singgu Township. REUTERS

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Monday update

Aftershocks rattle Myanmar


SHWEBO, Myanmar : A 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck Myanmar Sunday evening, hours after a stronger, 6.8 tremor killed at least 13 people and injured 40, witnesses and the US Geological Survey (USGS) said.

The USGS said the quake Sunday night occurred at a depth of nine km, 86km north-northwest of the central city of Mandalay. Reporters near the town of Shwebo felt the new tremor.

There was no immediate information on whether the latest quake caused further deaths or major damage.

In the early hours of Monday USGS said that another quake, with a magnitude of 5.6, had struck. There were no immediate reports of casualties.

A shallow 6.8 magnitude quake early in the morning hit a rural area 116km north of Mandalay and was followed by strong aftershocks.

Four labourers flung into the Irrawaddy river from a partly-built bridge near the town of Shwebo were among those believed to have died, according to a situation report from the Save the Children charity.

The collapse of a monastery in the nearby village of Kyauk Myaung killed two people and one died in Mandalay, it said. A further six were killed in Sint Ku township, including two people who died when a gold mine collapsed.

A man looks at the facade of Mandalay's highest building, the 25-storey Mann Myanmar Plaza, from where several window panes are missing after they fell following a 6.8-magnitude quake which hit some 116 kilometres (72 miles) north of the northern Myanmar city on November 11, 2012. AFP photo

Residents of Mandalay fled shaking buildings in terror after the morning tremor, although no major damage was reported there.

The pre-dawn stronger morning quake sparked panic in the major central area of the city, residents and aid workers said.

"I ran from my bed carrying my daughter out to the street. There were many people in the road. Some were shouting and others felt dizzy," Mandalay resident San Yu Kyaw told AFP by telephone.

Witnesses at the site of the bridge collapse described how the quake caused a crane that was supporting the structure to topple.

"The ropes could not hold the body of the bridge and it collapsed onto ships on the river below. The steel frames fell onto the boats, which then sank into the water," ferry driver Aung Naing Linn, 45, told AFP.

"People jumped from the boats into the water. It did not take long for the ships to sink, just two or three minutes," he said.

under construction – being built กำลังสร้าง
collapse – (of people and business) to fail suddenly; to suddenly be unable to continue or work correctly ล้ม (ธุรกิจ)
magnitude – size or strength  ขนาดหรือ ความรุนแรง
aftershock – a sudden movement of the Earth's surface which often follows an earthquake and which is less violent than the first main movement แผ่นดินไหวเล็กน้อยที่เกิดหลังจากแผ่นดินไหวรุนแรง
rattle – to make short, knocking sounds from being shaken or hit; to cause  to be nervous or frightened   ส่งเสียงรัว, ทำให้ว้าวุ่น, ทำให้กระวนกระวายใจ
tremor – a shaking of the earth; a (usually slight) earthquake การสั่นสะเทือน
witness – a person who sees something happen  ผู้ที่เห็นเหตุการณ์
geology (adjective form: geological) – the scientific study of the earth, including the origin and history of the rocks and soil of which the earth is made; the origin and history of the rocks and soil of a particular area ธรณีวิทยา
depth – the distance down either from the top of something to the bottom, or to a distance below the top surface of something ความลึก
immediate – happening or done now, without any delay ทันทีทันใด
casualties – deaths and injuries ผู้บาดเจ็บ เสียชีวิต
shallow – not deep ตื้น
rural – connected with the countryside outside big towns and cities  ในชนบท, บ้านนอก
labourer – a person whose job involves hard physical work that is not skilled, especially work that is done outdoors กรรมกร, ผู้ใช้แรงงาน
fling (past form: flung) – to move or be moved suddenly and with a lot of force  ขว้าง, ปา, เหวี่ยง, โยน
situation – all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place  สถานการณ์
charity – an organisation to which you give money so that it can give money and help to people who are poor or ill, or who need advice and support กิจการกุศล, มูลนิธิ
monastery – a building or serious of buildings in which monks  live, worship and work together วัด
gold mine – a business or an activity that makes a large profit; a place where gold is dug out of the ground  แหล่งทำเงิน, แหล่งสร้างรายได้, เหมืองทองคำ
fled (past of flee) – escaped; left an area very quickly because of a danger there หนีไป
terror – a feeling of extreme fear ความหวาดกลัว
dawn – the beginning of the day, when it begins to get light รุ่งอรุณ, เช้าตรู่
spark – to make something happen ก่อให้เกิด
panic – a sudden strong feeling of fear or worry that causes you to be unable to think clearly or calmly ความตื่นตกใจ
aid – an object, a machine, a sign, etc. that you use to help you do something สิ่งช่วย
dizzy – feeling as if everything is turning round and being unable to balance and about to fall down เวียนศีรษะ
witness – a person who sees something happen  ผู้ที่เห็นเหตุการณ์
site – a place where something happened  ที่เกิดเหตุ
crane – a tall machine used for lifting or moving heavy objects and building tall buildings ปั้นจั่นยกของหนัก  
structure – something large such as a building or a bridge that is built from different parts โครงสร้าง
topple – to cause to fall  คว่ำลงมา
frame – a strong border or structure of wood, metal, etc. that holds a picture, door, piece of glass, etc. in position  โครงสร้างพื้นฐาน, กรอบ
sink (past form: sank) – to (cause something or someone to) go down below the surface or to the bottom of a liquid or soft substance จม
ferry – a boat or ship for taking passengers and often vehicles across an area of water, especially as a regular service เรือข้ามฟาก
façade – the front of a building, especially one that is large or impressive ด้านหน้าของตึกที่แสดงรายละเอียดของสถาปัตยกรรม, ส่วนหน้าของอาคาร
pane – a single sheet of glass in a window บานกระจกหน้าต่าง

Sunday Noon update

There have been hundreds of reports from people in high buildings around Bangkok who felt this morning's earthquake. Some people report lights swinging wildly from the ceiling and Channel 3's Pasit Apinyawat admits to having hid under a table with his hands covering his head. There are no reports of damage, however.

Initial reports from Mandalay in Myanmar, near the quake’s epicenter, indicate residents were shaken by the quake, but damage has not been heavy. Channel 3 reported there were a few isolated incidents of power outages. (12:50 The Associated Press has just reported that 5 people were thought to have been killed when an unfinished bridge collapsed near the epicenter. 13:10 Death toll now up to six, five men and one woman.)

Here in Thailand Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand officials have assured people that the country's major dams have not be affected by the quake.

earthquake – a sudden shaking movement of the ground  แผ่นดินไหว
ceiling – the top inside surface of a room เพดาน
admit – to agree that something is true, especially when you are unhappy, sorry or surprised about it  ยอมรับ
initial – early; first  เบื้องต้น
epicenter – the point on the earth's surface where the effects of an earthquake are felt most strongly ศูนย์กลาง
indicate – to show that something is true, exists or will happen แสดง, ทำให้รู้
residents – people who live in a particular area ประชาชนที่อาศัยในท้องที่
shaken – shocked, upset or frightened by something  วิตก กังวล
isolated – set apart from; disconnected from แยกออกมา ตั้งอยู่เดี่ยวๆ
incident – something that happens, usually something bad เหตุการณ์
outage – power cut ช่วงเวลาที่ไม่มีกระแสไฟฟ้า
– to tell someone that something is definitely true  ให้ความมั่นใจ, ยืนยัน

Click button to listen to Bangkok quake and rightclick to download

Earthquake felt in Bangkok

At about 8:12 this morning, I like many people who live in high-rise buildings in Bangkok, felt a definite unsteadiness. I was at my computer and the desk seemed to be swaying slightly and I began to feel disoriented. Standing up made things seem worse.

Since I have had a balance problem for many years caused by a bad inner ear infection, I couldn’t be sure if it what was happening was an earthquake or a sudden problem with my own equilibrium

So, I did what many others did around the city. I turned on twitter and, sure enough, tweets were flying in from people wondering what had happened.

From the US Geological Survey (USGS)

Within minutes, someone tweeted that the US Geological Survey (USGS) reported that a 7.0 earthquake had occurred in Myanmar. This was quickly revised downward to 6.6 and the epicenter was reported to be about 100 kilometres north of Mandalay, Myanmar. That is still a very powerful earthquake and we now know that it was felt from Thailand’s North all the way to Bangkok.

Although the centre of the quake was in a rural area, urban areas nearby are at risk and we are waiting from reports of damage.  

earthquake – a sudden shaking movement of the ground  แผ่นดินไหว
high-rise – a building is very tall with many floors or levels อาคาร ซึ่งมีหลายชั้น
definite – certain; clearly decided and specific แน่นอน, แน่ชัด, แจ่มแจ้ง
unsteadiness – a feeling that you are not completely in control of your movements so that you might fall ความหวั่นไหว, ความไม่มั่นคง, การโอนเอน
sway – to move slowly from side to side; to move something in this way  แกว่งไปมา, โซเซ
disoriented – to make somebody unable to recognise where they are or where they should go สับสนและไม่เข้าใจว่าอะไรเกิดขึ้นรอบตัวเอง
balance – the ability to keep steady with an equal amount of weight on each side  ความสมดุล, การทรงตัว
infection – a disease or medical condition that is caused by a bacteria or by a virus or a parasite การติดเชื้อ
equilibrium – a state of balance, especially between opposing forces or influences  การทรงตัว, ดุลยภาพ, สภาวะสมดุล
sure enough –  as expected นั่นเอง
wonder – to think about something because you want to know more facts or details about it สงสัย
7.0 (on the Richter scale)
Richter scale – a scale for measuring the magnitude (size and strength) of earthquakes หน่วยวัดความรุนแรงของแผ่นดินไหว
revise – to change, improve, or make additions to something แก้ไข
epicenter – the point on the earth's surface where the effects of an earthquake are felt most strongly ศูนย์กลาง
rural – connected with the countryside outside big towns and cities  ในชนบท, บ้านนอก
urban – connected with towns and cities เขตเมือง
sure enough –  as expected นั่นเอง
at risk – in danger ตกอยู่ในความเสี่ยง

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