New and already under threat | Bangkok Post: learning

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New and already under threat

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Puntip Wisespongpand didn’t quite know what it was. It was a crab, that was for sure, but it was not a species she had seen before. 

The new species of soldier crab found at Pak Bara Beach in Satun province.


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New and already under threat

Puntip Wisespongpand didn’t quite know what it was. It was a crab, that was for sure, but it was not a species she had seen before.

The crab was 15 millimetres long and 14 millimetres wide, had cream-red legs and a blue-grey shell, and lived in the loamy sand of Pak Bara Beach in Satun province.

Ms Puntip, chief of a team of marine scientists from Kasetsart University carrying out a survey of crabs in the southern provinces of Nakhon Si Thammarat, Songkhla and Satun, said the unusual crab species was found last November.

She sent samples to scientists in Singapore and Australia and the first results confirm that the crab is indeed something new.

"We have received an initial confirmation that the sample is a new species of the giant soldier crab.
"However, we need to wait for the DNA result to make sure," Ms Puntip said.

She said the team has not officially named the new species but they will settle on calling it the Soldier Crab of Pak Bara for now. If confirmed, it will take the known number of soldier crab species in the country to 14.

Ms Puntip said, however that she was already worried about the future of the new species' habitat.

The proposed Pak Bara deep-sea port, now at the feasibility study stage, could pose a threat to the crab’s existence. It’s habitat lies in the area which would be developed for the port, which is likely to lead to an expansion of the petrochemical industry in the South.
 
Adapted from a story in today's Bangkok Post by Apinya Wipatayotin.

species – a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other พันธ์,จำพวก
under threat – at risk; in danger ตกอยู่ในความเสี่ยง
good quality soil containing sand, clay and decayed vegetable matter ดินที่อุดมสมบูรณ์
marine – relating to the sea and creatures that live in it เกี่ยวกับทะเล
survey – the act of examining and recording the measurements, features, wildlife, etc. of an area of land  สำรวจ, หาข้อมูล
sample – a small amount of a substance, an example of something, etc., that is used for scientific or medical tests ตัวอย่างทดลอง
confirm – to state or show that something is definitely true or correct, especially by providing evidence นยัน
indeed – used to emphasize a positive statement or answer อย่างแท้จริง, โดยแท้จริงแล้ว
initial – early; first  เบื้องต้น
settle – to decide or arrange something ตัดสินใจ
for now – for the time being; for the present time, but probably not for a long time พลาง
habitat – the type of place that a particular animal usually lives in or a particular plant usually grows in ถิ่นที่อยู่ของพืชหรือสัตว์
proposed – suggested as an idea for a group to consider ถูกเสนอ
port – an area of water where ships stop, including the buildings around it ท่าเรือ
feasibility – the possibility that something can be achieved ความเป็นไปได้
stage – a part of an activity or process or a period of development ช่วง, ตอน
pose a threat – to be a possible danger กระทำการซึ่งอาจก่อให้เกิดอันตรายต่อ
existence – the state of being a real or living thing, or of being present in a particular place, time, or situation การดำรงอยู่,การมีอยู่,การมีชีวิตอยู่,ความเป็นอยู่
expansion – when something increases in size, number or importance การขยายออก
petrochemical – any chemical substance obtained from petroleum oil or natural gas สารที่ได้จากน้ำมันปิโตรเคมี
industry – the people and activities involved in producing a particular thing, or in providing a particular service; the production of goods from raw materials, especially in factories อุตสาหกรรม


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