New island surfaces after deadly quake | Bangkok Post: learning

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New island surfaces after deadly quake

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The deadly earthquake that hit southwest Pakistan on Tuesday, collapsed homes, killed hundreds, but it also built something – a brand-new island. 

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In this photo released by the Pakistani Government, Pakistani men walk on an island that appeared 2km off the coastline of Gwadar on Wednesday, Sept 25, 2013, after an earthquake the day before. AFP / PAKISTANI GOVERNMENT

New island surfaces after deadly quake

The deadly earthquake that hit southwest Pakistan on Tuesday, collapsed homes, killed hundreds, but it also built something – a brand-new island.

The small island surfaced off the coast of Pakistan near the port of Gwadar, some 400km from the epicentre. It is about 20 metres high, 90 metres wide and 36 metres long.

The new island was a source of great curiosity among the locals who jumped into boats to check it out.

A closer look at the new island. AFP / PAKISTANI GOVERNMENT

They found little more than mud, rocks – and methane gas.

Mohammad Danish, a marine biologist from Pakistan’s National Institute of Oceanography, said a team of experts had visited the island and found methane gas rising.

‘‘Our team found bubbles rising from the surface of the island which caught fire when a match was lit and we forbade our team to start any flame. It is methane gas,’’ Mr Danish said on GEO television news.

Gary Gibson, a seismologist with Australia's University of Melbourne, said the new island was likely to be a "mud volcano" , created by methane gas forcing material upwards.

It is unlikely to last long, experts said.

Pakistani survivors gather around their destroyed houses in the earthquake-devastated district of Awaran on September 25, 2013. AFP


Meanwhile, on the mainland, rescuers were struggling to reach victims of the huge 7.7-magnitude quake which hit a remote poverty-stricken area of Baluchistan province.

Officials said 238 deaths had been confirmed so far, 208 in Awaran district, and the toll is expected to rise as rescue teams reach more villages in the area, which has been shaken by more than a dozen aftershocks.

Adapted from AFP stories and other agencies.

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Vocabulary:

aftershock: a sudden movement of the Earth's surface which often follows an earthquake and which is less violent than the first main movement - แผ่นดินไหวเล็กน้อยที่เกิดหลังจากแผ่นดินไหวรุนแรง

appear: to be seen - ปรากฏ

biologist: a scientist who studies biology - นักชีววิทยา

bubble: a ball of air or gas in a liquid, or a ball of air inside a solid substance such as glass; a round ball of liquid, containing air, produced by soap and water - ฟอง

coastline: an area of land beside the sea - ชายฝั่ง

collapse: to cause to fall down suddenly - ทำให้พังทลาย, ทำให้ยุบลง

curiosity: a strong desire to know about something - ความอยากรู้

earthquake: a sudden shaking movement of the ground - แผ่นดินไหว

epicentre: the point on the earth's surface where the effects of an earthquake are felt most strongly; the central point of something - ศูนย์กลาง

expert: someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject - ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ

flame: the brightly burning gas that you see coming from a fire - เปลวไฟ, เปลวเพลิง

forbid: to state that something is not allowed, according to a rule, law, or custom - ห้าม

last: to continue to be used;  to continue to exist; - ทนทาน, สืบต่อไป

locals: people who live in a particular place - ชาวบ้าน

magnitude: size or strength - ขนาดหรือ ความรุนแรง

mainland: a large mass of land that forms the main part of a country but does not include any islands belonging to the country - แผ่นดินใหญ่

marine: relating to the sea and creatures that live in it - เกี่ยวกับทะเล

meanwhile: at the same time - ในเวลาเดียวกัน

methane: a gas without colour or smell, that burns easily and is used as fuel. Natural gas consists mainly of methane. - ก๊าซธรรมชาติชนิดหนึ่งไม่มีสีและกลิ่น ไวไฟ, มีเทน

Oceanography: the scientific study of the ocean - สมุทรศาสตร์, การศึกษาเกี่ยวกับมหาสมุทร

poverty-stricken: extremely poor - ยากจน

release: making known to the public - การเปิดเผย, การปล่อย

remote: far away from other cities, towns, or people - ที่ห่างไกล 

rescuer: a person whose job is to save someone from a dangerous or unpleasant situation - ผู้ช่วยชีวิต

seismologist: a scientist who studies earthquakes -

source: the cause of something - ต้นกำเนิด

struggle: to try hard to do something that you find very difficult - พยายาม; ต่อสู้

surface: to become known of seen - เป็นที่รู้, ปรากฏ, เปิดเผย

toll: the number of deaths and injuries caused by a disaster, accident, disease, etc. - การสูญเสีย

victim: someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as a disaster, illness or an accident - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย

volcano: a mountain with a large circular hole at the top - ภูเขาไฟ

Related search: Pakistan earthquake, new island, Gwadar, Baluchistan

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