The operation to free 33 miners trapped below ground for 69 days has made a successful beginning. Let’s look at how it’s being described in English.
President Sebastian Pinera of Chile hugged Florencio Avalos after he was rescued from the San Jose mine near Copiapo, Chile AFP
Local televisions stations have been covering the dramatic rescue operation taking place in faraway Chile all morning. Here is a chance to follow what is happening in English. I'll have several updates during the day.
Rescue gets underway
From agency reports
Noon Bangkok time
The rescue operation to free the 33 miners trapped below ground in a gold-copper mine in Chile for 69 days has made a successful beginning. The first miner, Florencio Avalos, 31, emerged from the rescue capsule (or pod) to a rapturous welcome about 10.11am Wednesday Bangkok time.
Avalos was winched more than 600 metres through a rescue shaft while strapped inside the 190-by-54-centimetre capsule.
Wearing dark sunglasses to protect his eyes from camera lights after 10 weeks of living in darkness, Avalos first embraced (hugged) members of his family and then Chilean President Sebastian Pinera. His son, Bairo, 7, sobbed.
The metal capsule was then lowered back down, with a paramedic on board, to free the other miners one by one in an operation expected to last up to two days.
Deep in the mine, 32 other miners waited for their turn, along with a rescue worker who had descended to their underground haven in the narrow capsule, which was painted with the red, white and blue of the Chilean flag.
When the rescuer finally reached the miners late Tuesday, he was greeted with enthusiastic handshakes from the men
dramatic – exciting and impressive ตื่นเต้นเร้าใจ
rescue – to save someone form a dangerous or unpleasant situation ช่วยชีวิต
operation – a planned activity involving a lot of people การปฏิบัติการ
get underway – to begin เริ่มต้น เริ่มทำ
trapped – to be in a dangerous or unpleasant situation from which it is difficult or impossible to escape ถูกกับดัก
emerge – to come out of ออกจาก
capsule – a pod; a small roundish-shaped container in which people travel แคปซูล
rapturous - full of extreme pleasure and happiness or excitement ซึ่งปลาบปลื้มสูงสุด
winch – to lift people or things using a piece of equipment that uses a rope or chain ยกขึ้นด้วยเครื่องกว้าน, เครื่องฉุดดึงหรือยกของหนัก
shaft – a long narrow passage, e.g., one that leads from the surface of the ground down to a mine อุโมงค์ใต้ดิน
strap – to hold or keep someone or something in position by tying a strap around them รัดด้วยสายหนัง
embrace – to hug; to put your arms round someone กอด
sob – to cry noisily while taking short breaths ร้องโอดครวญ
paramedic – someone, who is not a doctor but who is trained to give medical treatment to people at the place where an accident has happened หน่วยแพทย์ฉุกเฉิน
descend – to go down ลงมา
haven – a safe area ที่หลบภัย
enthusiastic – very excited something อย่างกระตือรือร้น
15:45 Bangkok time
The operation continued to run smoothly with five miners having reached the surface unharmed.
The second miner, Mario Sepulveda, 40, was exuberant as he left the capsule, hugging family members and officials. He embraced Mr. Piñera three times and presented people with gifts: rocks from the mine. Then he led the crowd in a cheer. “Chi, Chi, Chi, le, le, le,” they shouted. “Miners of Chile.”
The operation appeared faster than anticipated, as a third miner Juan Illanes, 51, a former army corporal, was raised to the surface. Asked how the journey was he smiled broadly and said: "Like a cruise."
He was followed by the group's only non-Chilean. Carlos Mamani, 24, a Bolivian, had worked at the mine for less than a week when the collapse happened. His plight has captivated his own country.
The fifth man up was Jimmy Sanchez, 19, the youngest miner, who is afraid of the dark and confined spaces.
As he emerged from the capsule safe and well, Sanchez was hugged by his father and was overcome with emotion.
The weakest and the ill were then to follow.
surface – the top layer or outside part of something พื้นดินหรือพื้นน้ำ
exuberant – happy, excited and full of energy ร่าเริง เบิกบาน
anticipated – expected คาดว่าจะเกิดขึ้น
corporal – a non-commissioned officer of low rank in the army นายสิบโท
cruise – a journey on a ship for pleasure, especially one that involves visiting a series of places การเดินทางท่องเที่ยว
collapse – falling down suddenly การพังลงมา
plight – an unpleasant condition, especially a serious, sad or difficult one สภาพเลวร้าย
captivate – to attract or interest someone very much จับใจ,ประทับใจ
confined – limited จำกัด
overcome – to become very emotional, weak, ill, or unconscious ดิ้วเดี้ยว
19: 15 Bangkok time
The rescue operation continued at a steady pace of about one miner per hour, with eight men brought safely to the surface so far, each emerging to cheers of "Chi! Chi! Chi! Le! Le! Le!" -- the country's name. The operation to free all 33 miners could last until Thursday.
This rescue effort is believed to be the deepest ever and the survivors have been underground longer than anyone who has made it out alive. It's also one of the most advanced of its kind, and it could help other countries and firms increase their standards moving forward
steady – staying at the same level, speed, value etc ไม่เปลี่ยนแปลง, สม่ำเสมอ
pace – the speed at which something happens or is done อัตราการเคลื่อนไหว,
survivor – someone or something that still exists after and event that could have killed or destroyed them ผู้รอดชีวิต
firm – a business or company บริษัม
standards – rules or principles for doing something มาตรฐาน, บรรทัดฐาน, กฎเกณฑ์, กรอบ
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