One relief package approved, another needed | Bangkok Post: learning

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One relief package approved, another needed

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The massive flood relief packaged approved by the government doesn't take into account the storm damage now occurring in the South. 

Just when the situation has begun to improve in the northeast and central regions, disaster has struck in the South. Thus, all the figures reported in the story are already out of date. There will be much more on that tomorrow.

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Govt approves massive B20bn flood relief plan

Payments of emergency cash will start this week


The government has given the go-ahead for a package of flood relief measures for some 3.7 million victims in 31 provinces, with the payment of 5,000 baht in emergency cash to each affected family set to start this week.

The initial estimate for the flood assistance programme has been put at 20 billion baht.

The economic ministers’ decision yesterday came as the National Economic and Social Development Board predicted the cost of the nationwide damage from the flooding to come to 32.8 billion baht.

The floods, which have devastated 8.84 million rai of agricultural land, are expected to result in a 0.32% drop in national economic growth this year, the NESDB said.

Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva said yesterday the government would start this week distributing 5,000 baht in cash to each of the 632,000 affected families through the Government Savings Bank to help flood victims cope with the immediate impact.

The cash assistance will be given to families who live in houses bearing clear address numbers. The houses must have been flooded for no less than seven days from Oct 10, Minister Sathit Wongnongtoey of the PM’s Office said.

Flood victims whose homes carry no address numbers need to obtain guarantees from community leaders in order to receive the money. Victims living in rented houses and on public land are also entitled to the help, he said.

The minister said provincial governors would work closely with officers from the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Department to conduct a survey of those who should be entitled to receive the money.

Details of the affected people will be forwarded to the Budget Bureau. The first payments are expected to be made to flood victims in Nakhon Ratchasima on Thursday, he said.

The minister insisted the cash handouts would be transparent and fair. ‘‘We’ll pay them out equally. Don’t worry,’’ he said.

Mr Abhisit said a survey was underway to assess the impact of the floods on various sectors before the launch of longer-term assistance measures also approved yesterday in three months’ time.

Among the assistance package measures agreed upon yesterday, rice farmers, who are among the worst affected, will receive compensation to a value of 55% of the cost of planting each rai of their flooded paddy.

The compensation figure worked out was 2,098 baht a rai against the usual official compensation rate of only 606 baht, Mr Abhisit said.

Apart from compensation for the damaged farms, rehabilitation programmes have been approved to help flood victims in terms of housing, education and public health.

While it is hoped the measures will be implemented in three months, the assistance will be expedited for 15 provinces and 20 districts where the flooding has ended.

The government has drawn 6 billion baht to date from its 36 billion baht emergency budget for this year. It has earmarked some 47 billion baht for emergency relief operations for the next fiscal year, Mr Abhisit said.

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disaster – something very bad that happens and causes a lot of damage or kills a lot of people  ความหายนะ  ภัยพิบัติ
approve – to give official permission อนุมัต
massive – very large มหาศาล
relief – money, food, medicine etc. that is given to help people in places where there has been a natural disaster, war, etc. เครื่องบรรเทาสาธารณภัย
emergency – an unexpected situation involving danger in which immediate action is necessary เหตุฉุกเฉิน
cash – money เงินสด
measure – an action taken to solve a particular problem มาตรการ
(relief) package – a set of proposals or measures for dealing with something a serious problem, such as a flood, earthquake, etc. เครื่องยังชีพvictim – someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as an illness or an accident เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย
initial – early; first  ในเบื้องต้น
estimate – to say what you think an amount or value is or will be, either by using available information or by guessing คาดคะเน
predict – to say that an event or action will happen in the future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience คาดการณ์ว่า พยากรณ์จากสถิติว่า
nationwide – throughout a whole country  ทั่วทั้งประเทศ
devastate – to destroy a place or thing completely or cause great damage ทำลายล้าง
distribute – to give something such as food, clothes or money to a group of people แจกจ่าย
cope – to deal successfully with a difficult situation  รับมือกับ
immediate – of the most importance and needed to be dealt with now ปัจจุบัน
impact – an effect or influence  ผลกระทบ
bearing – having writing or a design on top แสดง
obtain – to get something that you want or need, especially by going through a process ได้มา, ได้รับ
guarantee – to promise or confirm that something is correct รับรอง, รับประกัน
community –  the people who live in an area ชุมชน
rent – to pay money for the use of something for a period of time  เช่า
entitled – having the right to have or do something  มีสิทธิโดยชอบ
prevention – preventing something bad from happening การป้องกันภ้ย
mitigation – a reduction in the harmful effects of something  บรรเทา  ผ่อนคลาย
conduct – to do something in an organised way; to carry out — ลงมือทำ, ดำเนิน, ปฏิบัติ
forward – to send onwards  ส่งต่อ
budget – an amount of money able to be spent on something งบประมาณ
insist – to say very firmly that something must happen or must be done ยืนกราน
handout – something such as food, clothing or money that is given free to someone who has a great need for it ของให้ทาน
transparent – not keeping anything secret; open โปร่งใส
underway – happening  กำลังเกิดขึ้น
assess – to carefully consider a situation, person, or problem in order to make a judgment ประเมิณสถานการณ์
sector – a part of a country’s economic or business activity ภาค (เศรษฐกิจ)
launch – to start something เปิดโครงการ, เริ่มต้น, เริ่มทำ
compensation – money that someone receives because something bad has happened to them  เงินชดเชย
paddy (fields) – fields planted with rice growing in water นาข้าว
rehabilitation – making a system, building, etc., suitable for use again, i.e., bringing it back to a good condition การฟื้นฟูสภาพกิจการ
implement – to make something such as an idea, plan, system or law start to work and be used นำ แผนหรือนโยบายมาปฏิบัติ
expedite – to make something happen quickly or easily เร่ง
earmark – to keep or intend something for a particular purpose
drawn – used
operation – a planned activity involving a lot of people การปฏิบัติการ
fiscal year – the government budget year which begins in October in Thailand, ปีงบประมาณ

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