Rules to stop practice of school bribes | Bangkok Post: learning

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Rules to stop practice of school bribes

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If your parents are not rich or politically influential, educational opportunities may be limited. Finely tuned rules may put an end to this practice. 

People don't talk about it much and the whole subject may border on taboo, but parents must bribe school officials in order to get their children into higher quality schools (Read article and also an article on the practice of dek fak).

One obvious implication is that smart but poor children are less likely to get the best education possible and eventually through upward social mobility eventually make their way into positions of power and influence in Thai society.

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EDUCATION, Govt pushes rules to stifle school bribes by Sirikul Bunnag

kids in schoolSchools will be told to stick to one round of admissions for Mathayom 1 and Mathayom 4 students to curb the temptation to ask parents for bribes to secure places for unsuccessful students. 

Education Minister Chinnaworn Boonyakiat said yesterday the new admissions policy would apply for Mathayom Suksa 1 (Grade 7) and Mathayom Suksa 4 (Grade 10) students in schools under the Office of the Basic Education Commission (Obec) in the next academic year.

Students sit admission exams for entry to those years of study. About 400 members of student parent networks nationwide attended a briefing held by the minister.

Under the regulations, prestigious and highly competitive schools will be asked to hold only one round of admissions to prevent parents from paying "tea money" for places for children who miss out.

All public schools must have a clear, detailed plan for admission as the ministry will not allow any extra admissions after applications close, he said.

The change is designed to prevent staff asking parents to pay "bribes" for a seat at their school, Mr Chinnaworn said.

Schools will be asked to impose a maximum limit of 50 students in each class. 

Students applying for a seat at an outstanding, highly competitive school will be asked to choose three additional schools they want to enter if they fail to secure a seat at the school of their choice.

Students also will be required to agree in their application document that they will pursue studies in privately run schools if they fail to gain admission to any of the four selected schools.

The new admission policy will also urge talented students in the provinces to apply for schools near their homes rather than seeking places at prestigious schools in Bangkok, because their choices will now be more limited.

Schools are still allowed to receive donations from parents for school development, but the money must be obtained and spent with transparency, the education minister said.

(Source: Bangkok Post, EDUCATION, Govt pushes rules to stifle school bribes, 23/12/2010, Sirikul Bunnag, link)

bribe - money or a present given to someone so that they will help you doing something dishonest or illegal สินบน
influential - able to change (and control) the way people think and behave 
tune -
change or adjust something like an instrument or car engine so that it operates correctly
finely tune - adjust an instrument or mechanism so that it operates correctly and very precisely and accurately
borders on - is almost the same as
taboo - restricted, limited, forbidden to do or talk about ซึ่งต้องห้าม
X implies Y (verb) - if X is true, then Y is also true
implication (noun) - something that is true, if other things are true
obvious implication - something that is easy to see is true, if other things are true

social mobility - the ability to move easily from a lower and poorer social class to a higher richer social class

stifle - prevent a good thing from continuing
one round - doing some activity in a series of several activities  
stick to one round of admissions - only have one round, not more  
curb - stop, reduce, control or limit something that is harmful ระงับ, ควบคุม, ลดหรือยุติ
temptation - something that you may like to do, but shouldn't
curb the temptation - stop ore reduce the temptation (the feeling or impulse to do something that you think is bad)
secure - to get or achieve something การได้มาซึ่ง
secure a place - get entry into a school for your child

policy - a plan of action to guide decisions and achieveoutcomes (See Wikipedia) นโยบาย
admissions policy - a school's policy on admissions decisions, the policy about which students should be accepted by a school (admitted, gain entry) and which students rejected (might include grades, test scores and letters of recommendations)
admissions decision - the decision by a school on whether to let a student study at the school or not
- to make use of something นำมาใช้
academic year - the school year, from the beginning of classes to the end of classes
admission - permission to enter a school and start studying there
admission exams - tests that students take that are used by schools in their admissions decision
student parent networks - organizations with students and parents as members that make sure the rights of students and parents are protected
nationwide - throughout a whole country ทั่วทั้งประเทศ
briefing - a short meeting to provide needed information to people การแถลงการณ์สั้นๆ

regulations - official rules that control the way things are done ระเบียบ ข้อบังคับ
prestigious - famous, admired and respected by many people ที่มีชื่อเสียง ที่ได้รับความนับถือ
competitive - involving competition มีการแข่งขัน
miss out - not get something (they are trying to get)
application - same as "admission application"
admissions application -
the set of documents that are given to school that are used to decide whether to accept a student to a school (admissions decisions)
clear - easy to understand
ministry - a government department dealing with an area of activity กระทรวง
staff - workers, employees พนักงาน

impose - to force someone to accept something กำหนด,บังคับ
maximum - the most possible ที่สูงสุด ที่มากที่สุด
limit - a highest or lowest amount
outstanding - clearly very much better than what is usual ยอดเยี่ยม, ดีเด่น
secure a seat at the school - get admitted to the school and be able to study at the school
document - a paper or set of papers with written or printed information, especially of an official type เอกสาร
pursue - to try to achieve something พยายามเพื่อให้ได้มาซึ่ง
urge - try hard to get someone to do something, persuade someone to do something, to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take วิงวอน ย้ำเตือน
talented - be very good at some activity, having a natural ability to be good at something ซึ่งมีพรสวรรค์
donations - money given by people to help some project or organisation financially
development - the gradual growth and formation of something
school development - taking actions to improve a school
spent - used ใช้ไป
transparency - an honest way of doing things that allows other people to know exactly what you are doing ความโปร่งใส

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