Malaria treatment and zinc dietary supplements were focal points in this year's awards.
Read another Bangkok Post article on the award recipients here.
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Five scientists win prestigious 2010 Prince Mahidol awards by Thanida Tansubhapol
Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn will represent His Majesty the King next week in presenting the Prince Mahidol Award for 2010 to five laureates.
The five winners, from Britain and the US, have been recognised for their work in the fields of medicine and public health.
They are Nicholas J. White and Kevin Marsh, of Britain, who won the award in the field of medicine, and Ananda S. Prasad, Kenneth H. Brown and Robert E. Black, of the US, who won in the field of public health.
There were 72 candidates from 31 countries competing for the award, Prince Mahidol Award foundation secretary-general Suphat Wanichkarn said yesterday.
Prof White is a world leader in the treatment of malaria, especially in the use of artemisinin-based combination therapies. He spent 25 years studying malaria and its drug-resistant forms
Prof White advocates a combination of artemisinin with other drugs in order to increase the treatment's effectiveness and to avoid further drug resistance.
This approach is now widely accepted by the World Health Organisation. Artemisinin-based combination therapy has become the recommended treatment for malaria worldwide, both in uncomplicated and severe cases, Dr Suphat said.
Prof Marsh pioneered studies in immune epidemiology of malaria. He is based mainly in Africa and his early studies show the importance of strain-specific immunity in malaria
Prof Marsh and his colleagues carried out immunological and clinical studies on several aspects of malaria in young African children which led to the present understanding of the disease process and the effects of treatment.
His work provides a basis for the development of vaccines for malaria that cover strain variations.
In the field of public health, Prof Prasad discovered the importance of zinc to the health of humans. His studies have encouraged the scientific and public health communities to further study this trace element.
His discovery forms the basis that led to zinc supplementation to improve the health condition of people around the world - 20% of the world population are at risk of zinc deficiency.
Prof Brown has devoted most of his career generating information and developing programmes to improve nutritional and health status, especially in controlling and preventing zinc deficiency.
His studies show that additional zinc supplementation helps decrease the incidence and severity of diarrhoea and pneumonia, especially in children in developing countries.
Prof Black is recognised for his work on the importance of childhood nutrition which has contributed significantly to the wide application of zinc supplementation.
His early studies in Bangladesh and India demonstrate that daily zinc supplements during diarrhoeal episodes significantly reduces the severity of diarrhoea and pneumonia cases.
The World Health Organisation and Unicef recommend that all childhood diarrhoea cases be treated with zinc supplements as well as oral rehydration.
The Prince Mahidol laureates will receive their awards next Wednesday at the Chakri Throne Hall.
The awardees will receive a medal, certificate and cash awards of US$50,000 (1.5 million baht) each.
(Source: Bangkok Post, Five scientists win prestigious 2010 Prince Mahidol awards, 20/01/2011, Thanida Tansubhapol, link)
Prince Mahidol award - an award given each to people or organizations working in the field of medicine and public health in memory of Prince Mahidol. There are two categories of the award:
1. In Medicine: for outstanding performance and/or research in the field of medicine for the benefit of mankind
2. In Public Health: for outstanding contribution in the field of public health for the sake of the well-being of the peoples. (See website)
Prince Mahidol - "the father of King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII) and King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) of Thailand. He was also regarded as the father of modern medicine and public health of Thailand. " (See website and Wikipedia)
award - a prize or a sum of money that is given to someone following an official decision รางวัล
prestigious - famouns, admired and respected by people ที่มีชื่อเสียง ที่ได้รับความนับถือ
represent - to act, speak or be present officially for another person or people เป็นตัวแทน
laureate - a person who has won a prize or award
public health - "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals" (See Wikipedia)
field - a specialized area of knowledge and work
field of medicine - medicine, as a specialized area of knowledge and work
candidate - one person in a group of people being considered for an award or a position in a company or organization
foundation - an organisation that provides money for things such as medical research or for a charity มูลนิธิ
treatment - the process of providing medical care การรักษา
malaria - a disease spread to humans by mosquito bite, in after which a protozoan, Plasmodium, multiplies in blood every few days, causes fever, chills and other flu-like symptoms and is responsible for over one million deaths worldwide each year, most of them children in sub-Saharan Africa, widespread in warm tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa (See Wikipedia and Google Definitions)
falciparum malaria - the most dangerous type of malaria with the highest rates of death (mortality) (See Wikipedia)
artemisinin - a group of drugs that possess the most rapid action of all current drugs against falciparum malaria (See Wikipedia)
combination - the mixture you get when two or more things are combined การรวมกัน
therapy - a form of treatment for an illness or medical condition
spent - used ใช้ไป
resistant - not harmed or affected by something
drug resistance (noun) - when the living things that cause a disease (pathogens) learn to resist or defend themselves against the drug taken to destroy them (See Wikipedia)
advocates - people who strongly and public support something ผู้สนับสนุนความคิด
effectiveness - working well and producing the results intended
World Health Organisation - the United Nations (UN) agency that acts as a "coordinating authority on international public health" (See Wikipedia)
approach - a way of doing or dealing with something การจัดการกับปัญหา วิธีการทำให้ถึงจุดหมาย
therapy - a treatment which helps someone feel better, grow stronger, etc., especially after an illness การบำบัดโรค
severe - very serious and unpleasant รุนแรง
pioneer - be the first one to do something
epidemiology - the science dealing with the spread of diseases through populations and their control (See Wikipedia)
immunity (noun) - natural protection from a disease by the body ภูมิคุ้มกันโรค, ภูมิต้านทานโรค
strain - a certain kind of animal, plant, insect or microorganism
strain-specific immunity - immunity to a certain kind of microorganism causing the disease
microorganism - living things (organisms) such as bacteria, virusses, protozoa, algae and fungi that are so small in size that they are only visible by the aid of a microscope, simple one-celled organisms that are often the cause of diseases (See Wikipedia)
colleagues - the people you work with
process - a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ
development - work on creating something (like a new chemical or process) that takes a long period of time
vaccines - injections to prevent a disease
zinc - a mineral necessary for health and the proper function of the human body (See Wikipedia)
encouraged - having more confidence or hope about something มีกำลังใจ
trace - a very small amount of a substance จำนวนเล็กๆ
trace element - a chemical element such as iron or zinc that people need in only very small amounts to grow and develop normally
zinc supplementation - when a person takes a tablet or pill with zinc in it (too add zinc to their diet above the amount they get in the food they eat)
improve - to make better ทำให้ดีขึ้น
health condition - whether people are healthy or not, what diseases they catch, if any
population - all the people living in a country (or a city or region of a country)
risk - the possibility that something dangerous or unpleasant might happen ความเสี่ยง
zinc deficiency - not eating enough zinc, not having enough zinc in your diet
X devotes Y to Z - X uses Y to do task or project Z
career - the series of related jobs that you spend your work life doing (especially if the job is a profession) (See Wikipedia and glossary)
health status - same as "health condition" above
status - the situation or state of affairs at a particular time สถานะ
incidence and severity of a disease - where people catch the disease and how bad or severe the disease is
diarrhoea - "the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day" (See Wikipedia)
pneumonia - an inflammatory condition of the lung, can result from a variety of causes including infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, and chemical or physical injury to the lungs, typical symptoms associated with pneumonia include cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty in breathing, bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics (See Wikipedia)
X recognised for Y - X given an award (or some other honour) for achievement Y
nutrition - providing the materials necessary to your body so it can grow and be healthy, many common health problems can be prevented or alleviated with good nutrition (See Wikipedia)
significantly - in an important way อย่างสำคัญ
wide application of - many people are doing this, following this practice
demonstrate - to show something and explain how it works สาธิต
demonstrate - show how something works
episodes - an event or short period of time when something unusual happens
recommend - to advise someone that they should do something แนะนำ
oral - using the mouth, throught the mouth
body fluids - liquids inside the body or coming from inside the body (excreted, secreted) including water, saliva, semen, blood, earwax, urine, sweat, tears, etc (See Wikipedia)
dehydration - excessive loss of body fluids (See Wikipedia)
rehydration - when the body regains the body fluids it lost
oral rehydration - "Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is a simple treatment for dehydration associated with diarrhea, particularly gastroenteritis or gastroenteropathy, such as that caused by cholera or rotavirus. ORT consists of a solution of salts and sugars which is taken by mouth. It is used around the world, but is most important in the developing world, where it saves millions of children a year from death due to diarrhea - the second leading cause of death in children under five (the first is pneumonia)" (See Wikipedia)
certificate - an official document or record stating that particular facts are true ประกาศนียบัตร เกียรติบัตร
cash - money เงินสด
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