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Claim and counterclaim

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Thailand sends its own note to the United Nations Security Council after Cambodia asks for a UN peacekeeping force to separate the two sides. 

A section of road linking Ban Phum Srol in Si Sa Ket’s Kantharalak district to nearby Don-aow village was damaged by artillery shells fired by Cambodian troops during fresh clashes between Thai and Cambodian soldiers. JETJARAS NA RANONG

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Abhisit sends protest note to UN

PM counters Hun Sen's allegations of 'invasion'

Thanida Tansubhapol

A Don-aow villager stands behind parts of a rocket Cambodian soldiers fired into Thai territory. JETJARAS NA RANONG

Thailand has countered a diplomatic initiative by Cambodia by sending a protest note to the United Nations Security Council accusing Phnom Penh of provoking the border conflict that led to clashes between their troops over the past four days.

The protest note signed by Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva followed a request from Cambodia to the UNSC on Sunday asking the world organisation to bring an end to Thailand's "invasion of Cambodia".

Thai and Cambodian soldiers have exchanged artillery fire across the border near Preah Vihear temple every day since Friday, with each accusing the other of starting the hostilities.

The fourth day of cross-border shelling erupted yesterday morning after fierce fighting on Sunday night, despite a ceasefire being agreed to by field commanders from the two countries on Saturday.

At least five people – three Cambodians and two Thais – have been confirmed killed and scores of others wounded in the skirmishes which caused damage to the world heritage-listed Preah Vihear temple.

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen claimed in his letter to the UNSC on Sunday that Thai soldiers had launched a full-scale offensive against Cambodian soldiers despite the truce agreement following clashes on Friday and Saturday.

He called on the world body to intervene by sending peacekeepers to act as a buffer between the two countries' forces.

The secretary to the foreign affairs minister, Chavanond Intarakomalyasut, yesterday said it was Cambodian soldiers who started the conflict by firing on a Thai military post on Friday.

"The Thai government feels that Cambodia wants the international community to intervene in the case because Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen sent his letter to the UNSC while the fighting is still under way," Mr Chavanond said.

Thailand insists the border dispute is a bilateral issue that can best be solved by the two countries sitting down to negotiations.

Thailand and Cambodia were encouraged yesterday to avoid the use of force to settle the border dispute.

A statement issued by the spokesman for the UN secretary-general said Ban Ki-moon was "deeply concerned" by the fighting and urged both sides "to exercise maximum restraint".

Meanwhile, the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple has been damaged in fighting between Thailand and Cambodia after Cambodian troops used the temple as a military base to fire on Thai soldiers, says army spokesman Sansern Kaewkamnerd.

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen sent a letter to the United Nations Security Council on Sunday accusing Thai troops of firing at the Hindu temple, which is listed as a world heritage site.

Col Sansern said yesterday Cambodian soldiers used the Preah Vihear temple as a heavy arms base to fire at Thai soldiers stationed in areas in Thai territory that were at lower elevation.

Col Sansern on Sunday dismissed Cambodian reports of damage to the Preah Vihear temple as "propaganda".

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section – any of the parts into which something is divided ส่วน, ส่วนที่ตัดออก, ส่วนย่อย
link – to connect เชื่อม
artillery – large powerful guns that are used by an army and are moved on wheels or fixed in one place ปืนใหญ่
shell – a weapon consisting of a metal container filled with a substance that explodes, fired from a large gun กระสุนปืนใหญ่
clash – a fight or battle between two groups of people การต่อสู้ด้วยกำลัง
counter – to reply to a criticism or statement that you disagree with ตอบโต้
allegation – a statement that someone has done something wrong or illegal even though this has not been proved ข้อกล่าวหา
invasion – an occasion when one country’s army goes into another country to take control of it by force การลุกล้ำอาณาบริเวณ
diplomatic – relating to relations between countries เกี่ยวกับการทูต
initiative – a new action or movement, often intended to solve a problem ความคิดริเริ่ม
provoke – to cause a reaction  ก่อให้เกิด
conflict – an angry disagreement between people or groups ความขัดแย้ง
troops – soldiers, especially in large numbers กองทหาร
exchange fire – when opposing sides shoot at each other ยิงต่อสู้กัน
hostilities – fighting between enemies in a war การสู้รบ
erupt – to start suddenly ปะทุขึ้น
fierce – very strong รุนแรง, ดุเดือด
ceasefire – an agreement to top fighting for a period of time, especially in order to discuss permanent peace การหยุดยิง
commander – the head of an army or army unit ผู้บังคับบัญชา
scores – large numbers of จำนวนมาก
wounded – injured, especially where your skin or flesh is damaged, usually seriously บาดเจ็บ
skirmish – a fight, especially a small or short one การปะทะกัน
world heritage site – a place, building, structure, etc. that has been determined by the UN to be of great historical or culture value and is given a special protected status โบราณสถานที่เป็นมรดกโลก
launch – to start something เริ่มต้น เริ่มทำ
full-scale – that is as complete and thorough as possible การใช้ทรัพยากรที่มีอยู่อย่างเต็มที่
offensive – a major military attack การโจมตีทางทหาร
truce – an agreement between two people or groups involved in a war, fight, or disagreement to stop it for a period of time การสงบศึกชั่วคราว
intervene – to become involved in a situation in order to try to stop or change it  แทรกแซง
buffer – a thing or person that reduces a shock or protects somebody/something against difficulties ตัวกัน
post – the place where somebody, especially soldiers, does their job ที่มั่น
insist – to keep saying very firmly that something is true ยืนกราน ยืนยัน
dispute – a serious disagreement  ข้อโต้แย้ง
bilateral – involving two groups or countries สองข้าง, เกี่ยวกับความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างสองประเทศissue
issue – a problem that needs to be considered ประเด็น
negotiations – formal discussion in which people or groups try to reach an agreement การเจรจาต่อรอง
encourage – to make someone more likely to do something, or to make something more likely to happen ปลุกใจ
avoid – to try to prevent something from happening หลีกเลี่ยง
settle – to end a dispute or disagreement, in this case, forcefully ขจัดให้เสร็จสิ้น, จัดการ
issue – to announce something officially ออกประกาศ
concerned – worried about something   มีความกังวล
urge – to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take ผลักดัน, กระตุ้น
exercise – to use ใช้
maximum – the most possible ที่สูงสุด ที่มากที่สุด
restraint – the quality of behaving calmly and with control การอดกลั้น
meanwhile – at the same time ในเวลาเดียวกัน
base – a place from where an activity can be planned or controlled ฐานที่มั่น
arms – weapons อาวุธ
station – to cause, especially soldiers, to be in a particular place to do a job ตั้งฐานปฎิบัติการ,ตั้งประจำ
elevation – the height of a place above the level of the sea ความภูมิฐาน
dismiss – to refuse to accept that someone or something is important ปฏิเสธ
propaganda – information, especially false information, that a government or organisation spreads in order to influence people’s opinions and beliefs การโฆษณาชวนเชื่อ,การเผยแพร่,การเผยแผ่

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