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Unesco criticised

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Unesco's hasty listing of Preah Viharn as a world heritage site is a big part of the border dispute, PM says. 

Thai troops dig in near the Preah Vihear temple in Si Sa Ket province. JETJARASNA RANONG

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PM urges Unesco to end chaos

World heritage listing 'cause of the problem'

Aekarach Sattaburuth
Prasit Tangprasert

Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva is calling on Unesco to help defuse the border conflict between Thailand and Cambodia by delisting the Preah Vihear temple as a world heritage site and scrapping a Cambodian management plan for the temple.

Mr Abhisit said the two sides had come under pressure because of the listing and the management plan and this was the source of the problem.

It was therefore up to Unesco to ease the pressure stemming from the management plan, which is due to be tabled with the Unesco World Heritage Committee in June.

"I believe if Unesco manages to defuse tensions, the two sides would agree to hold talks without pressure. The two countries want their people on the border to live peacefully," Mr Abhisit said.

Mr Abhisit responded yesterday to a statement by Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen that he did not want to enter into talks with Thailand over the issue and the conflict was a "real war", not an armed clash, by saying Cambodia wanted to intensify the tension because it was under pressure from its management plan for the Preah Vihear temple.

The prime minister brushed aside calls for intervention by a third country, particularly France, to resolve the border row. The conflict must be ended through bilateral mechanisms, he said.

There is no need for France to intervene as Asean is ready to play a role in supporting efforts to hold talks to end the conflict, Mr Abhisit said, adding he was confident the United Nations also wanted the two sides to hold negotiations.

Mr Abhisit stressed Thailand needed to ensure that the facts were presented to the international community.

He believed the international community would support bilateral efforts by the two countries to resolve the conflict once the facts were clarified.

Mr Abhisit said photos of Preah Vihear being used by Cambodian troops to mount attacks on Thailand would be of advantage to Thailand. The photos proved that Cambodia had failed to comply with its intention of listing the temple as a world heritage site.

Mr Abhisit said Natural Resources and Environment Minister Suwit Khunkitti and the head of the Thai-Cambodia Joint Boundary Commission (JBC), Asda Jayanama, would fly to Paris today to explain the border situation to Unesco director-general Irina Bokova.

Thailand insists Unesco should not consider the plan until a solution to the border conflict is found.

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troops – soldiers, especially in large numbers กองทหาร
urge – to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take ผลักดัน, กระตุ้น
Unesco – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
chaos – a situation in which everything is confused and in a mess ความยุ่งเหยิง, ความสับสน
World Heritage site – a place, building, structure, etc. that has been determined by the UN to be of great historical or culture value and is given a special protected status โบราณสถานที่เป็นมรดกโลก
defuse – to make a situation more relaxed by making people feel less angry or less worried ทำให้มีอันตรายน้อยลง, ทำให้ตึงเครียดน้อยลง
border – the official line separating two areas, regions or countries  เขตแดน อาณาเขต
conflict – an angry disagreement between people or groups ความขัดแย้ง
delist – to take something off a list, in this case Preah Viharn off world heritage list คัดออกจากรายการ, คัดชื่อออก
site – a place where something is located  สถานที่
scrap – to get rid of; to stop using or accepting เลิก, ทิ้ง
pressure – a worried feeling that you get when you have to deal with a difficult or complicated situation ความกดดัน
source – the place something comes from or starts at, or the cause of something แหล่งกำเนิด
ease – to make a problem, situation or pain less severe or serious บรรเทา
stem from – to be caused by เกิดจาก
due – expected to happen or should happen มีกำหนด
table – to suggest formally in a meeting  เสนอเรื่องเข้าที่ประชุม
manage – to succeed in doing something สำเร็จ,จัดการได้สำเร็จ, ทำได้สำเร็จ
tensions – the feelings caused by a lack of trust between people, groups or countries who do not agree about something and may attack each other ความตึงเครียด
issue – a problem that needs to be considered ประเด็น
armed – carrying a weapon  ติดอาวุธ
clash – a brief fight between two or more people การปะทะกันสองฝ่าย
intensify – to strengthen เข้มข้นขึ้น
brush off – to refuse to listen to someone, or to accept that something might be true or important ไม่ยอมรับฟัง
intervention – a situation in which someone becomes involved in a particular issue, problem, etc., in order to influence what happens การแทรกแซง
resolve – to solve a problem, or to find a satisfactory way of dealing with it  แก้ไขปัญหา
row – a serious disagreement about an issue between people, organisations or countries  การทะเลาะวิวาท
bilateral – involving two groups or countries เกี่ยวกับกลุ่มทางการเมืองสองกลุ่ม
mechanism – a method or a system for achieving something กลไก, วิธีการทำงาน, วิธีการ
play a role – to carry out a particular function or duty มีบทบาท
conflict – an angry disagreement between people or groups ความขัดแย้ง
confident – having trust in people, plans, or the future มั่นใจ
negotiations – formal discussion in which people or groups try to reach an agreement การเจรจาต่อรอง
stress – to emphasise something such as an idea, fact or detail; to explain why something is important เน้น
ensure – to make certain that something happens or is done  รับรอง ให้ความมั่นใจ
clarify – to make clear ทำให้ชัดแจ้ง
advantage – a benefit; a good feature or quality that something has เป็นประโยชน์, เป็นคุณ, เป็นผลดี
comply – to obey a rule or a law การปฏิบัติตามกฎ
intention – a plan in your mind to do something ความตั้งใจ เจตนา
joint – belonging to or shared between two or more people ร่วม, ที่ร่วมกัน
boundary – a real or imagined line that marks the edge or limit of something  เขตแดน,เส้นแบ่งเขต
situation – all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place  สถานการณ์
insist – to keep saying very firmly that something is true ยืนกราน ยืนยัน
solution – a way of solving a problem or dealing with a difficult situation  วิธีแก้ปัญหา

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