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Asean observers for the border

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Thailand and Cambodia's have to invite Indonesia to deploy observers on both sides of the disputed border area. 

Left to right: Foreign Minister Kasit Piromya, Vietnam Assistant Foreign Minister Pham Quang Vinh, Indonesia Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa and Cambodia Foreign Minister Hor Namhong.

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Asean meet brokers deal over border

Thailand, Cambodia agree to observers


JAKARTA : Asean foreign ministers have made headway towards easing the border conflict between Thailand and Cambodia, leading to sighs of relief all round.

The most significant development yesterday was Thailand and Cambodia's agreement to invite Indonesia to deploy observers on both sides of the disputed border area.

No mention was made of a ceasefire. In fact, the word did not appear once in the Asean chairman's statement issued at the end of the meeting that finished 90 minutes early.

When asked whether what was agreed yesterday was in response to the call by the United Nations Security Council for a permanent ceasefire, Asean chair and Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa said: "It is what it is. A ceasefire is a ceasefire, as long as things are quiet."

Diplomatic source
s said it was agreed as early as Saturday that a ceasefire would not be mentioned at the meeting.

And the only reference to the situation on the ground was that Asean supported Cambodia and Thailand's commitment to avoid further armed clashes, as reflected in the initial high-level talks between military representatives from the two countries, most recently on Saturday.

But the ministers welcomed the invitation of Thailand and Cambodia for observers from Indonesia, the Asean chair, to the respective sides of the affected areas of the border to observe the commitment of both sides to avoid further hostilities.

The observers' mandate is to assist and support the parties in respecting their commitment to avoid further fighting, by observing and reporting accurately and impartially complaints of violations and submitting findings to each party through Indonesia.

Mr Marty, who has worked tirelessly to bridge the gap between the two countries, said the role of the observers had yet to be worked out but he would have a report sent to the foreign ministers of both Thailand and Cambodia in the next few hours.

"Indonesia is ready to assign and deploy observers, the sooner the better. Over the next couple of hours I will send letters to spell out the modalities, their role and duties. This is not a peace-keeping or peace enforcement team," he said.

Indonesian observers are not there to take responsibility to ensure there is a cessation of hostilities, he said, adding that the observers, both military and civilian, would be unarmed.

Foreign Minister Kasit Piromya said both countries would wait for the details but it was expected that 15 observers would be sent to each side. He said Indonesia would study the experience of when Thai and Filipino troops were sent to help in Aceh and East Timor.

Cambodian Deputy Foreign Minister and Foreign Minister Hor Namhong said the observer teams could use both helicopters and trucks and move in and out of the disputed area.

"The Asean chair said he will try his best to dispatch them soon and so far, 25 observers have been recruited," Hor Namhong said.

A senior Asean official said the meeting ended 90 minutes early because much of the work and discussion had been done beforehand.

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meet(ing) – a gathering of people to discuss something การประชุม
broker – to arrange something such as a deal, agreement, etc. between two or more groups or countries เป็นนายหน้า
deal – a formal agreement การตกลง, ข้อตกลง
border – the official line separating two areas, regions or countries  เขตแดน อาณาเขต
observer – a person who watches what happens but has no active part in it; a person who watches and analyses a situation ผู้สังเกตการณ์
headway – progress ความคืบหน้า
ease – to make a problem, situation or pain less severe or serious บรรเทา
conflict – an angry disagreement between people or groups ความขัดแย้ง
sigh – to breathe out slowly making a long soft sound, especially because you are disappointed, tired, annoyed, or relaxed ถอนหายใจ
sigh of relief – to sigh because something bad has not happened, indicating you are relaxed now
significant – important สำคัญ
deploy – (usually of police or soldiers) to put in place ready for action ส่ง (ทหารตำรวจ) ประจำการ
disputed area – an area claimed by two or more countries, groups or people  พื้นที่ที่เป็นกรณีพิพาท
mention – to say something, but not discuss it much or give many details; to refer to something in a written document without giving many details พูดถึง, กล่าวถึง,  อ้างถึง, เอ่ยถึง
ceasefire – an agreement to top fighting for a period of time, especially in order to discuss permanent peace การหยุดยิง
issue – to announce something officially ออกประกาศ
chairman – the person in charge of a meeting, organisation, committee, or company ประธาน
response – an answer การตอบ
permanent – happening or existing for a long time or for all time in the future ถาวร  
diplomatic sources – people who give information and who work in a diplomatic position, i.e., they represent their country in a foreign country แหล่งข่าวกระทรวงต่างประเทศ
reference – mentioning someone or something การอ้างถึง, การอ้างอิง
commitment – willing to give your time and energy to something that you believe in; a promise or firm decision to do something การให้คำมั่นสัญญา, การให้คำมั่น, การมอบความไว้วางใจ
avoid – to try to prevent something from happening หลีกเลี่ยง
armed – carrying a weapon  ติดอาวุธ
clash – a fight between groups of people การปะทะกันสองฝ่าย
reflect – to show สะท้อน แสดงถึง
initial – early; first  เบื้องต้น
respective – belonging or relating separately to each of the people or things already mentioned เกี่ยวกับแต่ละบุคคลหรือแต่ละสิ่ง,โดยลำดับ
hostilities – fighting between enemies  การสู้รบ
mandate – the authority to do something อำนาจ
accurate – correct, exact and without any mistakes ถูกต้อง
impartial – fair; not connected to or influenced by one particular person or group เป็นกลาง ไม่เข้าข้างฝ่ายใด ยุติธรรม
complaint – when someone says that something is wrong or not satisfactory การร้องเรียน
violation – an action that is against a law, agreement, principle, etc. การฝ่าฝืน
submit – to formally give something to someone so that can make a decision about it ยื่น (เอกสาร) เพื่อการพิจารณา
party – one of the people or groups of people involved in an official argument, arrangement or similar situation คู่กรณี
tireless – working very hard without stopping  ไม่รู้จักเหน็ดเหนื่อย, ที่ไม่เหน็ดเหนื่อย
bridge the gap – to reduce or get rid of the differences that exist between two things or groups of people ลดความขัดแย้ง
role – the purpose or influence of someone or something in a particular situation บทบาท
modality – the particular way in which something exists, is experienced or is done แบบ,วิธี
enforcement – the process of making sure that something happens, especially that people obey a law or rule การบังคับใช้กฎหมาย
ensure – to make certain that something happens or is done  รับรอง ให้ความมั่นใจ
cessation – the stopping of something; a pause in something การหยุด (ชั่วคราวหรือสมบูรณ์), การชะงัก
civilian – of someone who does not belong to the armed forces or the police พลเรือน
details – small facts or pieces of information relating to a situation รายละเอียด
troops – soldiers, especially in large numbers กองทหาร
dispatch – to send someone or something somewhere ส่งคนออกไป
recruit – to get someone to work in a company or join an organisation  รับคนใหม่, จ้างคนใหม่
senior – with a high rank or position อาวุโส
beforehand – earlier; before something else happens or is done ล่วงหน้า,เสียก่อน

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