Floods return | Bangkok Post: learning

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Floods return

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It is not the flood season, but it seems like it for five unfortunate provinces in the South. 

Civil defence volunteers on a boat navigate for a convoy of 10-wheeler trucks as they cross a bridge on Sai Nai-Don Sak road in Surat Thani’s Don Sak district. SUPAPONG CHAOLAN

Here is a chance to review the flood vocabulary that you learned late last year. For a long list of flood-related vocabulary collected at that time, see here: http://bit.ly/h6ak93

Click button to listen to South floods and rightclick to download

Deluge cripples roads, railways, closes airport


Southern residents have been warned to prepare for heavier flooding as severe rain is expected to continue in the region until Friday.

Heavy rain storms over the past few days have caused flash floods in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, Surat Thani, Trang and Chumphon provinces.

The deluge has crippled roads and railways and yesterday forced the closure of Nakhon Si Thammarat airport and the suspension of all flights in and out of the province.

Airport director Nisit Sombat said the runways were about 30 centimetres underwater.

Officials confirmed at least three people have died in Nakhon Si Thammarat – the hardest hit among the five affected southern provinces, where more than 61,500 people in 34 districts have been affected by the flooding.

Nakhon Si Thammarat governor Theera Minthrasak said yesterday 21 out of 23 districts in the province had been flooded and local authorities were accelerating evacuations and flood relief efforts.

A villager in Nakhon Si Thammarat has switched to travelling by boat after his community has become submerged. NUCHAREE RAKRUN

Eight crocodiles have reportedly slipped out of Nakhon Si Thammarat municipality's zoo after it too was flooded.

Flood water swept into Tha Sala district hospital, damaging more than 10 million baht worth of medical equipment.

Officials said hospital staff had not been prepared to cope with an emergency of such unexpected severity.

At least 100,000 rai of farmland in the province has also been flooded, with damage estimated at 300 million baht.

In Surat Thani, the number of districts affected by the deluge had grown from four on Saturday to 11 yesterday.

Muang Phatthalung district was declared a disaster area yesterday, bringing the total number of districts affected by the flood to nine, out of the provincial total of 11.

The flood level in some areas of the province was reported to be as high as two metres.

In Trang, six of its 10 districts have now been affected by flooding after the water level in Trang River rose, forcing residents in Muang district to evacuate their homes for fear that the flood walls along the river banks might collapse, as they did in November last year.

In Chumphon, several roads were flooded. They included the Chumphon-Surat Thani road which links with neighbouring provinces.

More heavy rainfall can be expected over the next few days because of a new wave of low pressure over the middle part of the South which is expected to move further southward today, said Torsak Wanitkhachorn, director-general of the Meteorological Department.

The low pressure should begin fading into the Andaman Sea tomorrow but its effects would continue to be felt until Friday, he said.

civil defence – the organisation and training of ordinary people to protect themselves from attack during a war or from natural disasters such as floods or storms การป้องกันภัยฝ่ายพลเรือน
volunteer – someone who is not paid for the work that they do อาสาสมัคร
navigate – to find your position or the position of your ship, plane, car etc. and the direction you need to go in, for example by using a map; to sail along, over or through a sea, river etc  นำทาง, หาเส้นทาง,  เดินเรือ
convoy – a group of vehicles (or ships) travelling together  ขบวนรถ
deluge – a sudden, very heavy rainfall or a sudden flow of a large amount of water ฝนตกหนัก น้ำปริมาณมาก
crippled – damaged and prevented from working properly ที่พัง ที่ใช้การไม่ได้
residents – people who live in a particular area ประชาชนที่อาศัยในท้องที่
warn – to make someone conscious of a possible problem or danger เตือน
severe – very serious and unpleasant รุนแรง
flash flood – a flood that happens suddenly without warning น้ำที่เกิดท่วมในที่ต่ำโดยฉับพลันทันทีและไหลลดลงอย่างรวดเร็ว
suspension – stopping for a period of time การยกเลิกชั่วคราว, การระงับชั่วคราว
runway – a long narrow strip of ground with a hard surface that an aircraft takes off from and lands on ทางขึ้นลงของเครื่องบิน
authorities – people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
accelerate – to cause to happen more quickly เร่ง
evacuation – moving people from a place of danger to a safer place การอพยพ
relief – help; assistance การช่วยให้พ้นภัย
community – the people living in one particular area ชุมชน
submerged – under water จมน้ำ
slip out – to get away from or escape from ออกไปเงียบๆ, หลบไปเงียบๆ
municipality – a town, city or district with its own local government เทศบาล
sweep (past form swept) – to move or spread quickly through an area; to move something or someone with powerful force  เคลื่อนไปอย่างรวดเร็ว, พัดพาเอาไป
cope – to deal successfully with a difficult situation  รับมือกับ
emergency – an unexpected situation involving danger in which immediate action is necessary เหตุฉุกเฉิน
severity – seriousness ความรุนแรง
estimate – to say what you think an amount or value is or will be, either by using available information or by guessing คาดคะเน
disaster –an unexpected event, such as a very bad accident, a flood or a fire, that kills a lot of people or causes a lot of damage ความหายนะ ความล่มจม ความโชคร้าย
total – including everything; being the amount or number after everyone or everything is counted or added together  ทั้งหมด
level – the amount of liquid that there is in a container, river, dam, etc., which can be seen by how high the liquid is ระดับ
collapse – to suddenly fall down ล้มลง
link – to connect เชื่อม
wave – a situation which is happening again or is being repeated after a pause
low pressure – a condition of the air which affects the weather when the pressure is lower than average ความกดอากาศต่ำ    
Meteorological Department – weather bureau; the government department in charge of determining what the weather will be in the future กรมอุตุนิยมวิทยา
fade – to slowly disappear or become weaker  อ่อนลง,หายไป

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