Dumping cases and ASEAN economic integration | Bangkok Post: learning

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Dumping cases and ASEAN economic integration

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ASEAN economic integration by 2015 will require cooperation. Dumping cases impede progress. Opening markets hastens progress. 


The 10 ASEAN member states (Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam) are shown on the map above (See Wikipedia and Google Definitions).

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Indonesian dumping probe a concern by Phusadee Arunmas

Thailand will ask Indonesia not to apply safeguard measures against imports of Thai polypropylene (PP) that may result in higher import tariffs, or to impose quota limitations

The Indonesian government started a dumping investigation last month against polypropylene exported by Siam Cement Group, said Deputy Commerce Minister Alongkorn Ponlaboot.

Last year, Thailand exported 250,000 tonnes or polypropylene, or triple the 2009 amount, because Indonesia shut down a factory with annual production capacity of 260,000 tonnes. Therefore, Indonesian domestic production could serve only 60% of demand.

Under the Asean Free Trade Areas (Afta) tariffs on the product were eliminated, and both Thailand and Malaysia have increased their exports to Indonesia.

Mr Alongkorn said no safeguard measures have been issued yet, and the Department of Trade Negotiations was instructed to work with the private sector on the matter. Thailand believes the exports did not affect the Indonesian domestic industry because it could not produce sufficient supply.

He added Thailand was also discussing with Indonesia opening its market to Thai jasmine rice as exporters complained the market has been closed for four years.

Mr Alongkorn said Asean members had fewer than four years to implement the Asean Economic Community blueprint to achieve the goal of being a single market.

The first assessment in 2008-09 indicated Thailand had implemented 94% of the plan, but that dropped to 64% from 2010 to April 2011. The averages for all Asean members were 84% and 53% for the two periods.

Countries are behind schedule on customs, transport and goods standards

Most members have problems with internal cooperation among different agencies, legal issues and implementation of their own schedules," he said

(Source: Bangkok Post, Indonesian dumping probe a concern, 12/05/2011, Phusadee Arunmas, link

International Trade Vocabulary

economic integration - the merging to varying degrees of the economies and economic policies of two or more countries; trade unification between different states by the partial or full abolishing of customs tariffs on trade taking place within the borders of each state (See Wikipedia and Google Definitions)

dumping - unfair pricing of export goods, when a manufacturer exports a product to another country at a price which is below its costs of production or below the price it charges in its home market; sell large amounts of goods at far below their true value (often to gain market share and force other companies out of the market) (See Wikipedia)

polypropylene - a plastic used in packaging, coating, pipes, and tubes; used in a wide range of industries including automobile parts, household goods, fibers and films(See Wikipedia and Google Definitions)

ASEAN - the grouping of countries in Southeast Asia for political and economic cooperation, includes Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, Philippines, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar and Vietnam (See Wikipedia)

free trade - when goods and services can pass between countries without being taxed
free trade area (FTA) -
an area that includes one or more countries that have agreed to reduce tarriffs (taxes on imports) to zero or at least a very low level (See Wikipedia)
Asean Free Trade Area (Afta) - a trade agreement by the countries in ASEAN to reduce and end tariffs within ASEAN (See Wikipedia)

ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) -
ASEAN's plan for economic integration over the next few years (Read ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint)
blueprint - a plan or design which explains how something might be achieved แผนงานที่ละเอียด

impede - make it difficult for something to happen or for someone to so something กีดขวาง
progress - 1. the achievement of goals in a project and forward movement towards successful completion of the project; 2. the gradual improvement and development of something ความก้าวหน้า, ความเจริญ, ความเจริญก้าวหน้า
impede progress - slow down or stop progress (forward motion and achievement of goals in a project)

probe - an investigation, attempt to find out the truth about something, made by an official group (or by the media) การตรวจสอบ, การสอบสวน
concern - a worry ความกังวล
apply - to make use of something นำมาใช้

- protection ป้องกัน
measures - actions taken to deal with a problem มาตราการ

- to buy or bring in products from another country นำเข้า
tariffs - taxes on imports (to make foreign goods less competitive in a country) พิกัดอัตราภาษีศุลกากร
impose - to force someone to accept something กำหนด,บังคับ
impose - to introduce something such as a new law or new system and require people to accept it การกำหนด, นำกฎหมายมาบังคับใช้
quota - the limited quantity that is officially allowed (for example, an import quota for clothing from an exporting country )

investigation - try to find out what happened during an event, discover the truth; the process of trying to find out all the details or facts about something in order to discover who or what caused it or how it happened การตรวจสอบหาข้อเท็จจริง, การสอบสวน

triple - three times the number or size of something จำนวนสามเท่า
annual - happening once a year ประจำปี
capacity - the amount of something that can be produced ความสามารถในการ (ผลิต)
domestic - within the country ภายในประเทศ

eliminated - ended, disappeared, got rid of, ceased to exist
issued - made available ออกใหม่
sector - a part of the economy ภาคเศรษฐกิจของประเทศ (public sector = government, private sector = all businesses, household sector = families and consumers, banking sector,...) (See Wikipedia)
- a situation or subject which is being dealt with or considered เรื่อง, ภารกิจ, งาน
sufficient - enough พอเพียง

implement - put a plan into action, make a plan work นำ แผนหรือนโยบายมาปฏิบัติ, นำมาใช้

assessment - evaluation, considering and making a judgement about something การประเมิณสถานการณ์
behind schedule - late, not on time, did not meet deadline or due date
customs - the government agency that controls goods coming into and going out of the country and collects taxes on them กรมศุลกากร
transport - to move people or things from one place to another ขนส่ง
standards - an acceptable level of quality or achievement มาตรฐาน
internal - existing or happening inside a person, object, organisation, place or country ภายใน
- work together to achieve a goal ความร่วมมือกัน, การทำงานร่วมกัน
issues - an important subect that people are discussing and debating about, subjects that need to be considered ประเด็น
implementation - making a plan into reality, actually do or carry out a plan, execution of a plan, making sure that something that is planned actually gets done (See glossary) นำ (แผนการ) มาบังคับใช้

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