Bountiful rice yields, an abundance of food and a fair amount of water were predicted for the coming crop year at the Royal Ploughing Ceremony yesterday.
Good harvest, abundant food predicted
Bountiful rice yields, an abundance of food and a fair amount of water were predicted for the coming crop year by soothsayers at the Royal Ploughing Ceremony at Sanam Luang on Friday.
The ancient ceremony, which has been performed since the Sukhothai period some 700 years ago, was held in the morning to mark the beginning of the traditional rice planting season and boost the morale of farmers.
On behalf of His Majesty the King, HRH Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn presided over the ceremony, accompanied by His Royal Consort HRH Princess Srirasmi, and HRH Princess Bajrakitiyabha.
Two sacred white oxen, named Phra Ko Fah and Phra Ko Sai, were taken to plough the ceremonial ground at Sanam Luang, herded by agriculture and cooperatives permanent secretary Chalermporn Pirunsarn.
Two sacred white oxen, named Phra Ko Fah and Phra Ko Sai, at this year's Royal Ploughing Ceremony eat grass and drink liquior, forecasting plentiful food and prosperous economy. (Photo by Chanat Katanyu)
Dressed as a Brahmin god, Mr Chalermporn served in the ceremony as Lord of the Plough, or Phraya Raek Na.
Mr Chalermpol's choice of a piece of cloth led to a prediction that there would be a fair amount of water, bountiful rice yields and an abundance of food.
The oxen were each then offered seven bowls of food and their choices were used to make the predictions.
The seven dishes were grass, paddy, maize, sesame seeds, soy bean, water and liquor.
The oxen ate grass, giving a forecast that the country would enjoy an average water supply, plentiful rice yields, and an abundance of fruits and staple foods this year.
The oxen also drank liquor, giving a prediction that communications would be convenient, foreign trade would flourish, and the economy would prosper.
At the ceremony, rewards were given to outstanding farmers, agricultural organisations, cooperatives, and farming scholars.
harvest – the activity of collecting a crop, in this case a rice crop การเก็บเกี่ยวผลผลิต
abundant – more than enough มากมาย
predict – to say that an event or action will happen in the future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience คาดการณ์ว่า พยากรณ์จากสถิติว่า
bountiful – large in amount อุดมสมบูรณ์
yield – an amount of something produced ผลผลิต
fair – quite large in number, size or amount มากพอประมาณ, มากพอสมควร
crop – a plant grown for food, usually on a farm พืชผล
soothsayer – a person who is believed to be able to tell what will happen in the future ผู้คาดการณ์อนาคต, ผู้ทำนาย
mark – to celebrate something เพื่อเฉลิมฉลอง
boost – to increase เพิ่ม
morale – the amount of confidence and enthusiasm, etc. that a person or a group has at a particular time กำลังใจ, ขวัญ
on behalf of – as a representative of ในนามของ ในฐานะของ
preside – to be in charge of a ceremony, official meeting, or other event (ทรง) เป็นประธานในพิธี
sacred – considered to be holy ศักดิ์สิทธิ์
oxen – males cows วัวตัวผู้
herd – to make animals move together as a group ต้อนสัตว์
agriculture – the science or practice of farming เกษตรกรรม, การเกษตร
cooperatives – a farm or business owned and run by the people involved, with the profits shared by them สมาคมสหกรณ์
paddy – unmilled rice, rice in the husks, i.e., rice with the outer covering still on ข้าวเปลือก
maize – a tall plant grown in many parts of the world for its yellow seeds which are eaten as food, made into flour or fed to animals ข้าวโพด
sesame – a tropical plant grown for its seeds and their oil, which are used in cooking งา
soy bean – a type of bean, originally from SE Asia, that is used instead of meat or animal protein in some types of food ถั่วเหลือง
liquor – strong alcoholic drink สุราที่ได้จากการกลั่น
forecast – a statement about what will happen in the future based on information available now พยากรณ์
staple – an important product, especially a food, that people eat or use regularly อาหารหลัก, สินค้าหลัก
convenient – easy to do, or not causing problems or difficulties สะดวก
flourish – to grow or develop successfully เจริญรุ่งเรือง, เจริญเติบโต
prosper – to develop in a successful way; to be successful, especially in making money เจริญก้าวหน้า, เจริญรุ่งเรือง
outstanding – clearly very much better than what is usual ยอดเยี่ยม, ดีเด่น