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Telecommunications: Breaking the deadlock

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Let's try 4G: DTAC has a compromise "win-win" solution to end the long stalemate over 3G and the endless chain of lawsuits. 

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Telecommunications: DTAC floats plan for 4G, Unused frequency to be traded for licence by Srisamorn Phoosuphanusorn


mobile phone antennaOSLO : DTAC, the country's second largest mobile operator, is floating a proposal to return an unutilised portion of its frequency to the new industry regulator in exchange for a fourth-generation (4G) operating licence.

The company says it has devised a strategic model that could end the long stalemate over 3G and simultaneously lay the groundwork for 4G wireless broadband services, which some other countries are already developing.

The idea centres on returning the portion of the 1800-Megahertz spectrum that the company is not using to the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC).

Jon Eddy Abdullah, the chief executive officer of DTAC, said he believed the plan was a win-win solution that could break the deadlock in the Thai telecom industry and allow consumers to enjoy the benefits of high-speed wireless data communication...

...Prathet Tankuranun, the company's head for engineering, said DTAC could install 4G long-term evolution (LTE) software on top of its existing upgraded 2G network, enabling it to provide speeds of up to 80 Mbps.

"The software installation could take two or three months, with 4G commercial service to switch on sooner," he said.

Our 3G would be for both voice and data services while 4G would be for pure data services. 

DTAC is upgrading all 10,359 of its 2G base stations to make them 3G-ready under network swap projects, improving network quality and increasing capacity by 20%.

The upgrading is scheduled to be completed in mid-July in Bangkok and nationwide next year, said Mr Prathet.

Mr Abdullah also said DTAC was determined to move ahead with 3G commercial service on its analogue 850-MHz frequency despite CAT's refusal to approve its requests for almost three years.

"DTAC will build 1,220 3G base stations on the 850-MHz frequency using high-speed packet access technology. "We are confident we can get approval from the acting NBTC to provide 3G commercial trials soon," he said. 

DTAC initially expected its trial services to start in Bangkok this month, and in big provinces in the third quarter.

However, Mr Abdullah said the 3G on the 850-MHz frequency would be only a temporary solution. The only real solution for the country and the industry in the long run, he said, would be 3G on the international-standard 2.1-GHz frequency

(Source: Bangkok Post, Telecommunications, DTAC floats plan for 4, Unused frequency to be traded for licence, 13/06/2011, Srisamorn Phoosuphanusorn, link

Key Vocabulary

deadlock - when a problem prevents the project from moving forwards
break the deadlock - solve the problem that prevents the project from moving forwards

stalemate
- a situation in which progress seems impossible (cannot move forward with project) because the poeple or groups involved cannot agree การคุมเชิง การดูที่ท่าของทั้งสองฝ่าย
end the long stalemate - solve the problem that has stopped the project, so that the project can continue and move forwards

compromise - giving teh other guy something to reach an agreement; give-and-take, accommodation การประนีประนอม
win-win - everyone gains, no losers

Telecommunications Vocabulary

telecom
- telecommunications, dealing with telephones การโทรคมนาคม หมายถึง การสื่อสารทางไกลโดยใช้โทรศัพท์ เคเบิล โทรทัศน์ วิทยุและโทรเลข

2G - second-generation mobile phone technology, still the system mainly used in Thailand; started in 1991: "three primary benefits of 2G networks over their predecessors were that phone conversations were digitally encrypted; 2G systems were significantly more efficient on the spectrum allowing for far greater mobile phone penetration levels; and 2G introduced data services for mobile, starting with SMS text messages," (See Wikipedia)

upgrade - improving and making more modern and new
upgraded 2G network - improving the 2G network with more recent technology

3G - third generation mobile phone technology, the next level of mobile phone services beyond the current second generation (2G), supports broadband internet, supports greater numbers of voice and data customers especially in urban areas (See Wikipedia)
make 3G-ready - make all preparations necessary before 3G can be installed

4G - fourth-generation mobile phone technology, faster than 3G but does not exist in its full version yet, "expected to provide a comprehensive and secure all-IP based mobile broadband solution to laptop computer wireless modems, smartphones, and other mobile devices. Facilities such as ultra-broadband Internet access, IP telephony, gaming services, and streamed multimedia may be provided to users" (See Wikipedia)
4G long-term
evolution (LTE) - technology between 3G and 4G (See Wikipedia)

frequency - (same as "spectrum")
spectrum - a range of radio waves used for radio communications ความถี่คลื่นวิทยุที่ใช้ในการสื่อสาร

wireless - radio, communication without wires, sending messages over a distance with radio signals (for example, most WI-FI modems in houses nowadays are wireless) ไร้สาย (การติดต่อสื่อสารผ่านวิทยุ คลื่นวิทยุ ไร้สาย)
data - facts or information used for making calculations or decisions ข้อมูล
wireless data communication - sending data to and from mobile phones and computers without wires such as WIFI (includes internet use and data)

broadband - high-speed data transmission used for high-speed Internet access, fast enough to support applications such as streaming video (See Wikipedia)

voice services - talking on the telephone
data services - exchange information with telephone (such as viewing a web page or sending a photo to someone)
pure data services - only data services (not mixed with anything else)

base station - the radio transmitter and receiver that connects mobile telephones in an area with a company's wireless network, most countries require several hundred base stations to give full coverage for mobile phone customers
2G base stations - base stations for teh current 2G mobile phone technology
3G base stations -
base stations for 3G mobile phone technology

analogue - not digital, using the technology that comes before digital telephone technology (digital telephony) (See Wikipedia)
digital telephony - digital technology for telephones (See Wikipedia)

packet - same as "packet switching" technology for digital networks
packet switching - "a digital networking communications method that groups all transmitted data – regardless of content, type, or structure – into suitably sized blocks, called packets. Packet switching features delivery of variable-bit-rate data streams (sequences of packets) over a shared network. When traversing network adapters, switches, routers and other network nodes, packets are buffered and queued, resulting in variable delay and throughput depending on the traffic load in the network" (See Wikipedia)

General Vocabulary

licence - official permission from government to do a business or some activity ใบอนุญาต
operating licence - official permission from the government to operate a business

mobile operator - a company that offers mobile service as a business

proposal - a plan or suggestion for a group to consider ข้อเสนอ
floating a proposal - making a proposal or suggestion (for people to think about and possibly agree to)

portion - a part of something ส่วน
unutilised portion - the part that was not used

industry regulator - a government agency that makes certain that the companies in an industry work effectively and fairly ผู้มีอำนาจควบคุม
X in exchange for Y - they give you X, you give them Y

devised - created
strategic model - a special plan to achieve long term goals (a system that explanes how a company can achieve its long-term goals)

simultaneously
- happening at the same time ในเวลาเดียวกัน,ที่พร้อมกัน
lay the groundwork - do all the work that necessary before the main project (here: 4G)

consumers
- people who buy things or services (individuals and families)
benefits - goods things that can happen from anm activity ผลประโยชน์

install - put a piece of equipment somewhere and make it ready to be used ติดตั้งอุปกรณ์
network - a large system of connected parts, organisations, people, etc. เครือข่าย
provide - give (someone something that they want or need)
commercial - for business purposes
commercial service - higher priced service for businesses (not individual consumers at cheap rates)

network swap projects - projects done to prepare the mobile phone network for a technology change
capacity - the ability to do something, the amount that a factory or plant could produce if all the equipment was in use all the time ความสามารถในการทำงาน
scheduled - planned to happen at a particular time or day ตามตารางเวลา
nationwide - including the whole country ทั่วประเทศ
determined - wanting to do something very much and not letting anyone or any difficulties stop you ตั้งใจจริง, ซึ่งมุ่งมั่น
determined to move ahead with - want very much to do project (make progress, achieve goals, complete project) 

CAT Telecom - the Thai state-owned telecommunications company that owns Thailand’s international telecommunications infrastructure including its international gateways, satellite and submarine cable networks connections, until recently CAT had a monopoly on international telephony and CDMA mobile telephony, CAT partners with sister state-enterprise TOT to provide a GSM mobile service and with Hutchison to provide a CDMA mobile service, corporatized in July 2003, CAT Telecom used to be known as the Communications Authority of Thailand (See Wikipedia)

confident - being certain of your abilities or of having trust in people, plans, or the future มั่นใจ
approval - official permission การอนุมัต
initially - at the beginning ในเบื้องต้น
trial - a test (usually over a limited period of time, to discover how effective or suitable something is, before making it permanent) การทดลอง, การทดสอบ
expected - believe will happen คาดว่า (จะเกิดขึ้น)
third quarter - months 7, 8, and 9 of the year; a period of time used for budgeting and reporting on performance within organisations and companies
temporary - for a limited time; not permanent ชั่วคราว

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