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Diseased chicken meat

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Diseased animals must be buried or burned say food safety regulations. Bird Flu has been a threat, this time it's Newcastle disease. 

Newcastle's disease

Photo below of the typical symptom of a twisted head found in chickens with Newcastle disease (Photo Source: Wikipedia). Photo above of meat from a diseased chicken that consumers might unwarily buy at shops selling diseased meat.

Meat buyers might see postmortem lesions on the gizzard and "severe enteritis of the duodenum" (Photo Source: Wikipedia). 

Click button to listen to Contaminated Chicken Meat and rightclick to download

Fatal bird disease suspected at root of chicken carcass scandal by Piyaporn Wongruang & Phusadee Arunmas


Newcastle's chicken twisted neckAn outbreak of Newcastle disease is understood to be the main cause of the deaths of tens of thousands of chickens which were then slaughtered and illegally sold on to consumers, restaurants and shops in a food scandal revealed last week.

Livestock Development Department officials in Saraburi province said the outbreak of the disease was nationwide. Livestock authorities in several areas have been trying unsuccessfully to suppress the disease since late last year because of fears it may seriously harm the lucrative chicken export market.

Panya Chotitawan, chairman of Saha Farm Co, said the Nakhon Ratchasima scandal has caused domestic poultry meat consumption to drop by about 10%. Officials are now concentrating on chicken farms in neighbouring Saraburi as the source of the illegally sold carcasses.

Large chicken farms in Saraburi have been vaccinating chickens against Newcastle disease, while livestock authorities were concentrating their efforts on domestic fowls. "Had it not been for this disease, the incident in Nakhon Ratchasima would not have happened," said one Livestock Development source.

Last Monday, abattoirs in the province were raided and about eight tonnes of decomposed chicken was seized. Police have laid charges against four of the 11 operators of the abattoirs.

"When you have 1,000 chickens die on average a day, that's a lot. So what farm owners may have possibly resorted to is getting rid of them quickly, but as we have learned several do not have standard disposal facilities," the source said.

Newcastle disease is a contagious viral disease fatal in some birdlife but non-threatening to humans. In birds, it usually can be controlled through vaccination programmes.
 
In April, an increase in the price of eggs was blamed on Newcastle disease affecting laying hens and reducing production, according to a Tan Network news report. One egg farmer said many farmers were forced to sell their sick laying hens and added that the outbreak had been under way for at least 10 months.

Mr Panya said yesterday he had yet to receive confirmation about an outbreak of Newcastle disease in Thailand.

He said chicken deaths could be due to any number of reasons - from other poultry diseases to changes in weather.

He said last year's low temperatures were a likelier culprit as most of the dead fowl came from small-scale farms that did not have a temperature-control system

An investigation by the Bangkok Post Sunday has revealed that some of the carcasses from the Nakhon Ratchasima raid came from a certified chicken farm in the Kaeng Khoi district of Saraburi.

Livestock authorities inspected the farm last week and were told by the owner it had a facility to dispose of chicken carcasses. However, the inspectors found no disposal facility, which is required under the Agricultural Standards Act 2008 for certified chicken farms.

Under the Disease Outbreaks Act, dead chickens commercially produced must be either buried or incinerated.

However, the Animal Slaughter Control and Meat Sale Act allows farm owners to sell dead livestock if they are examined and approved by a veterinarian for sale.

The investigators also found that the farm owners had not submitted any notice for examination of their dead chickens.

Another certified farm in the district is also suspected of being the source of the chicken carcasses but has yet to be investigated by livestock officials.

Three other farms, owned by a large agribusiness, were also accused by local residents of supplying the carcasses to the slaughterhouses. Livestock officials met with representatives of the farms and issued a warning about the proper disposal of chicken carcasses.

''They wanted to look forward, rather than looking back to find fault,'' said the Livestock Development source.

There are 7,000 certified chicken farms in the Kingdom that must meet certain food safety requirements. Many more are not certified and livestock authorities are pressuring them to do so.

But there are no penalties under the Agricultural Standards, and, at worst, farm owners face revocation of their certification

Getting a chicken from the farm to the dinner table and fit for human consumption is a complicated process covered by several laws and different departments.

Transportation is under the Animal Diseases Act, and once the chickens reach the slaughterhouse, a different law is used to try and ensure hygienic slaughtering and sale

Breaches can result in penalties of up to one year's jail, with a fine of no more than 20,000 baht or no more than 2,500 baht for each chicken counted

Once the chickens reach food processing facilities and the market, public health regulations come into place.

Each step in the complicated process creates loopholes which can be exploited or lead to negligence, according to a senior bureaucrat who once supervised the country's livestock development work. The National Food Committee can coordinate work between various agencies but it ''hardly works'', he said, adding it needs to focus on its mission's objectives of ''food safety'' and ''food security''.

''The chicken carcasses incident can be seen as a good opportunity for us to seriously get back to what we have started about food safety and get it done. It has reflected our weak food safety,'' he said

Nirandorn Uangtrakoolsuk, who heads the Disease Control and Veterinary Bureau, said the department needed time to further investigate the farms' alleged involvement and a panel needed to be set up.

Any chicken farmer found to be still involved in the scandal would have their certificate revoked, he said.

Mr Panya echoed Mr Nirandorn's sentiment, saying that the Livestock Development Department must boost safety control measures to better contain chicken diseases and ensure that dead birds are properly disposed of.

(Source: Fatal bird disease suspected at root of chicken carcass scandal, 19/06/2011, Piyaporn Wongruang & Phusadee Arunmas, link

symptom - something that is wrong with the body that shows that a person has a disease
twisted - when a body part is turned in the opposite direction from the rest of body
consumers - people who buy things (individuals and families)

wary - being cautious and careful about problems that might arise
unwary - not cautious or safe (and therefore run risk of being harmed by some dangerous thing)
unwarily buy - not being safe, cautious and careful when buying things

postmortem - after death
lesion - a wound or injury on or in the body
gizzard - the stomach of a bird
enteritis - a painful infection in your intestines 
duodenum - the first part of the small intestine

Animal Health and Food Safety Vocabulary

Newcastle disease - a contagious viral disease that kills chickens and other birds, first identified in the UK in 1926, unlike Avian flu there is only limited health risks to humans: "Exposure of humans to infected birds (for example in poultry processing plants) can cause mild conjunctivitis and influenza-like symptoms, but the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) otherwise poses no hazard to human health.... No treatment for NDV exists, but the use of prophylactic vaccines and sanitary measures reduces the likelihood of outbreaks" (See Wikipedia)

outbreak - the sudden start of a disease, a war, violence, etc. การระบาดของโรค

carcass - the dead body of an animal
decomposed -
when the body of a dead animal or human starts to break apart and rot (after a time will become one with the earth again) 

hygienic - clean and not likely to cause illness or disease ถูกสุขอนามัย
fit
for human consumption - can safely be eaten by people (food is safe, no disease present)

boost - to increase; to strengthen เพิ่ม; ทำให้มีกำลังมากขึ้น
measures
- actions taken to deal with a problem มาตราการ
boost safety control measures - take more action to increase safety
contain diseases -
control and make sure the disease does not spread further

food processing - the methods and techniques used to turn plant crops and meat into safe food products that can be sold in stores (See Wikipedia)

slaughtered - specially killed to be sold as food (killed in a "slaughterhouse")
abattoirs - slaughterhouses (factories in which animals are killed to make them into food)
slaughterhouse - a factory for killing aninals for food (See Wikipedia)

food safety - the science of safe handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent foodborne illness and health hazards (See Wikipedia)

food security - the goal of having enough food to feed all the people of a country (at an affordable price) (See Wikipedia)
 
public health - the study of how diseases can be prevented, health promoted and life prolonged through education and other activities  in communities (example: vaccines) (See Wikipedia)
regulations - rules made by the government to control how some activity is done กฎระเบียบ ระเบียบปฏิบัติ ระเบียบ ข้อบังคับ

livestock - animals such as cows, cattle, and sheep that are raised for commercial products such as meat, skins, or wool (See Wikipedia) ปศุสัตว์
authorities - government officials; the police or people in official organisations who have the legal power to make people obey laws or rules เจ้าหน้าที่ (ตำรวจ หรือผู้มีอำนาจ)
livestock authorities - government officials in charge of government activities dealing with farm animals raised as a business (commercially)

suppress the disease
- stop the disease (prevent new animals from getting the disease)
harm - damage ความเสียหาย

fowl - a bird that is kept on a farm for its eggs and meat สัตว์ปีกที่เลี้ยงไว้ใช้เป็นอาหารในครัวเรือน

domestic - within the country ภายในประเทศ
poultry - birds that are raised for their meat and eggs such as chickens and ducks (See Wikipedia) เนื้อสัตว์ปีก
consumption - money spent by households and families on goods and services (See Wikipedia) การบริโภค
domestic poultry meat consumption - the amount of chicken and duck meat eaten in the country

vaccination (noun) - to give someone a vaccine, usually by injection, to prevent them from getting a disease การฉีดวัคซีน
vaccinate (verb)

incident - a bad or unpleasant event  

dispose
(verb) - to throw away or get rid of ทิ้ง
disposal (noun) - getting rid of something การกำจัด
proper
disposal - disposing of in the correct and right way

facilities - the buildings, equipment and services provided for a particular purpose สิ่งอำนวยความสะดวก
disposal facilities - safe places to throw something away (here: place to put dead diseased chickens, so they do not spread the disease anymore)
standard disposal facilities - disposal places that meet certain high level or quality and effectiveness (they really work to prevent disease spread)

contagious -
a disease that can be spread from person to person (or from animal to animal)
viral disease -
a disease spread by viruses (smaller and more difficult to cure and control than bacteria) (See Wikipedia)
fatal - causing someone to die ถึงตาย

laying hens - chickens that farmers raise to lay eggs

certified - inspected officially and verified that the company follows the rules ผ่านการรับรองคุณภาพ

buried
- covered completely by something, in this case, soil ฝัง
incinerated - burned
veterinarian - a person with a medical degree trained to take care of the health of animals สัตวแพทย์

submitted - formally given to someone so they can make a decision about it ยื่นเอกสารเพื่อการพิจารณา
notice - information or warning หมายเตือ
notice for examination of dead chickens - the law requires that if the animals die on their own (from some disease, and not in a "slaughterhouse" where they are killed for meat) then they need to be inspected by a animal doctor to make sure they are safe to eat (food safety)

agribusiness - an agricultural and farming related business

certificate
(noun) - an official document or record stating that particular facts are true; that certain levels of quality exist ประกาศนียบัตร เกียรติบัตร
revoke certificate - take certificate away

revocation - officially end something
certification (noun) - an official process that provides proof that certain standards have been met after tests and inspection, an official document (certificate) to prove that these standards have been met การรับรองคุณภาพ

General Vocabulary

suspected - people believe that they might have done something wrong, but not yet proven เป็นที่สงสัย
scandal - something shocking, immoral, and embarassing that someone did that becomes public เรื่องอื้อฉาว (See Wikipedia)
revealed - made known or showed somthing that was surprising or that was previously secret เปิดเผย

nationwide
- throughout  the whole country ทั่วทั้งประเทศ
local - in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about ท้องถิ่น

efforts - the work done towards achieving some goal ความพยายาม
concentrating their efforts on - choosing to work on (and achieve for sure) one or a few things, focusing on
source
- someone who gives information แหล่งข่าว

raided -
when the police or military enters into a place with force
charges - bring a criminal case against a person
operators - businesses doing this business

under way - activity currently happening now 
confirmation - additional information that something is true
culprit - the person or thing responsible for something bad happening

investigation - the process of trying to find out all the details or facts about something in order to discover who or what caused it or how it happened การตรวจสอบหาข้อเท็จจริง
raid - to use force to suddenly enter a place and arrest people or look for illegal drugs or other illegal items บุกเข้าจับ เข้าตรวจค้น  ใช้กำลังเข้าค้นสถานที่หรือ

residents - people who live in an area ชาวบ้านในบริเวณ ผู้อาศัยในบริเวณ ราษฎรในบริเวณนั้น

issued - made available ออกใหม่
issued a warning - officially tell someone that they broke the rules (next time they will be punished)

pressuring -
trying to force or make someone do something (that you want them to do)
penalties - บทลงโทษ
at worst .,.. - in the worst situation (if situation is as bad as it can be)

complicated - has so many parts connected in different ways that it is difficult to understand (for example, a complicated machine or a city with a complicated system of streets) ที่ซับซ้อน
process - a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ

ensure - to make certain that something happens or is done รับรอง ให้ความมั่นใจให้การยืนยัน รับรอง

breaches - breaking or not following the rules or regulations
fine - an amount of money that you have to pay because you have broken the law ค่าปรับ

loopholes - legal ways to avoid or go around a law
exploit loophole - find and use a legal way to go around a law

negligence - when you do not give enough care or attention to someone or something ความประมาท, ความไม่เอาใจใส่
supervised - overseen; watched over to ensure that things are done correctly อยู่ในการควบคุมดูแล

development
- the gradual growth and improvement of of something (in a country and economy)
coordinate - work together to achieve a goal (See glossary)
focus - think about and work on one thing (rather than waste time on many), concentrate time and attention on one thing ให้ความสำคัญ

objectives
- goals; aims; things that you plan to achieve จุดมุ่งหมาย
mission objectives - the goals that a person or organisation as part of their official "mission" (a high level statement of their purpose, reason for existence)

opportunity - a situation when it is possible to do something that you want to do (See glossary)
lucrative - profitable, earning a lot of money ที่มีกำไรงาม

alleged - claimed to be true although not yet proven ที่ถูกกล่าวหา
panel - a group of people brought together to discuss, investigate, and give advice on a subject

sentiment - a thought, opinion or idea based on a feeling about a situation, or a way of thinking about something กระแส, แนวความคิด, ความคิดเห็น

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