Bringing the money parents must pay into the open, so where the money goes is no longer a secret.
SCHOOL SYSTEM: Trouble brewing over 'impractical' tea money, Woravat says regulation banning bribes failed by Lamphai Intathep
The education minister yesterday reiterated his intent to bring school admission tea money into the open, saying the ban on the bribes by the previous Democrat-led administration was "impractical."
Minister Woravat Au-apinyakul said he wanted tea money payments to be on record so that the funds could be used for school development instead of going to particular individuals.
"We have to accept that payments of tea money have been secretly going on and the money is often kept in someone's pocket," he said. "I want the tea money to be on record so it can be used to develop schools, rather than being kept by particular individuals.
Mr Woravat said parents wanted to provide what was considered best for their children and they had the right to do so when it came to sending their kids to the best schools.
"We should not prevent the rich from paying for schools in order to develop and improve the schools where their children will be studying," he said.
Tea money receipts must be on the books and made available to the ministry. Mr Woravat said he would discuss his idea with the Office of the Basic Education Commission and all related agencies to identify which laws and regulations would need amending to legalise school bribes.
"We will need to set criteria on how and what types of schools can receive payments," he said. "More importantly, the schools must ensure that the money received will not violate other students' rights to an education.
Suparwadee Wongsakul, director of Suankularb Wittayalai Rangsit School, said that tea money cannot be called a bribe; rather it is actually considered a grant from a school donor and patron.
"It is spent for the utmost benefit of schools and students," she said
"The donors/patrons' grants do not deprive seats to other students whose parents don't pay tea money," she said.
Admission of students through examination alone cannot fill all seat vacancies. Therefore, there are normally enough seats left for others who are accepted through special quotas and the patronage system
The school director emphasised, however, that there would need to be strict audits of donations if they are brought above the table to make sure that the money is truly used to improve schools and educational standards.
Chinnaworn Boonyakiat, former education minister, who imposed a ban on tea money during the previous government, criticised the idea, saying it would lead to inequality in education.
It will intensify competition among parents to try to get their children to enter prestigious and high-profile schools," he said. "The system, if adopted, will eventually lead to more corruption."
Instead of trying to change the stereotypical social mores about corruption, this move will instead deteriorate the quality of education and human morality," Mr Chinnaworn said.
Kanok Wongtrangan, the Democrat party's shadow education minister, said Mr Woravat's notion contradicted the Pheu Thai government election campaign promise that it would reduce the gap between the rich and the poor.
"It will lead to inequality in educational opportunities of children from different economic backgrounds," Mr Kanok said.
(Source: Bangkok Post, SCHOOL SYSTEM, Trouble brewing over 'impractical' tea money, Woravat says regulation banning bribes failed, 13/09/2011, Lamphai Intathep, link)
Corruption and Bribery Vocabulary
bribe - money or a gift given to someone to get them to do a favour for you (usually illegal or at least against the rules) สินบน ติดสินบน
corruption - dishonest or illegal behavior by people in positions of power and authority (See Wikipedia on bribery and political corruption)
funds going to particulary individuals - meaning: some person personally keeps the bribes and may use part of the bribes for themselves (but there cannot be verified because bribes are not recorded in the accounting system making the paper "audit trail" of where they go visible to the public, zero transparency)
funds kept by particular individuals
funds - money needed or available to spend on something, money to be used for a specific purpose เงินทุน
individuals - persons บุคคล
legalise - to make something be according to the law ทำให้มีอำนาจตามกฎหมาย ทำให้ถูกต้องตามกฎหมาย
legalise school bribes - changing the law to make bribes legal (but those who failed to gain entry into the best schools might oppose this)
tea money - a bribe used to facilitate any business dealing (especially for bribes made in China) (Source: Dictionary.com)
school admission tea money - a bribe paid by a parent for their child to gain entry and study at a school
admission - permission to enter a place การเข้าชม การเข้างาน
school admission - the formal acceptance of a student by a school
tea money payments on record - secret bribes written down (so all can see, so that they are not a secret anymore)
on record - when some transaction or event is written down (so that people can know it happened, the amounts involved and the recipients)
tea money receipts on the books - the bribe amounts on the receipts, written down in the accounting system of the organization, for everyone to officially see (especially auditors and journalists)
receipts - a paper that shows and proves that money was received (amount, date, person receiving)
tea money receipts - pieces of paper that show that the bribe was given
bring into the open - show the public what is happening in some hidden or secret activity
under the table - hidden, secret transactions, giving of money (bribes)
brought above the table - making transparent (not hidden, not secret)
transparency - the opposite of privacy; an activity is transparent if all information about it is open and freely available, "When government meetings are open to the press and the public, when budgets and financial statements may be reviewed by anyone, when laws, rules and decisions are open to discussion, they are seen as transparent and there is less opportunity for the authorities to abuse the system in their own interest," openness, communication, and accountability are key values, "including open meetings, financial disclosure statements, freedom of information legislation, budgetary review, and audits." (See Wikipedia)
brewing - developing กำลังก่อตัว
trouble brewing - a bad situation is developing (beginning to happen)
impractical - not practical; an idea that does not work in the real world, not practical ไม่เหมาะสมในทางปฏิบัติ ซึ่งไม่มีประสิทธิภาพเมื่อนำมาใช้งานจริง,ที่ใช้งานไม่ได้
ban - an official order to not do something ห้าม การห้าม ห้ามอย่างเป็นทางการ การประกาศห้าม
ban on bribes - an official order to stop bribes (which apparently didn't work, because article implies they are still happening)
regulation - an official rule that controls the way that things are done กฎระเบียบ, ระเบียบข้อบังคับ
regulation banning bribes - a government regulation or rule stopping bribes
reiterated - say again; repeated something in order to emphasise it or make it very clear to people ยืนยันตามเดิม พูดซ้ำ ย้ำ
intent - your plan or purpose จุดประสงค์
reiterated his intent - said he was planning to do something again
administration - one government that a country has for a period of time
Democrat-led administration - a government led by the Democrat Party (that governed the country for a period of time)
development - the gradual growth and formation of something
provide - to give someone something that they want or need
parents wanted to provide what was considered best for their children
improve - to make better ทำให้ดีขึ้น
ministry - a government department dealing with an area of activity กระทรวง
identify - find, locate, to specify ระบุ
regulations - rules made by the government to control how some activity is done กฎระเบียบ ระเบียบปฏิบัติ ระเบียบ ข้อบังคับ
amending - making changes to a document, law, agreement, etc. การแก้ไขกฎหมาย
criteria - a standard that is used for judging something or for making a decision about something บรรทัดฐาน (See glossary)
set criteria - create standards used to judge something (and make decisions about something)
ensure - to make certain that something happens or is done รับรอง ให้ความมั่นใจ ให้การยืนยัน
violate - to do something that is against a law, rule or agreement ฝ่าฝืนกฎหมาย
right - something you are legally or morally allowed to do or have สิทธิ์ (See Wikipedia)
violate a right - when someone does something to prevent another person doing or getting something that is their right (exercising their rights)
right to an education - by law, every child has the right to an education (btu they have a right to compete on an equal footing with the rich for admission to the best schools, note also in every province there is a best school located in the provincial capital)
not violate other students' rights to an education
deprive - to prevent someone from having something ทำให้ไม่ได้รับ
deprive seats to other students - prevent other students from getting seats
grants - giving money rather than lending money (for some purpose) เงินทุน หมายถึงเงินที่ให้ช่วยเหลือ โดยไม่ต้องใช้คืน
patron - someone who supports the work of others, usually by given them money ผู้อุปถัมภ์
spent - used ที่ใช้ไป
benefit - to get help or an advantage from something ผลประโยชน์
spent for the utmost benefit of schools - spent for the greatest benefit of schools
donor - a person who gives money for something (with nothing in return)
vacancies - items that are still available or free, that have not been taken or bought yet (such as positions in organisations or seats in a school or seats in an air flight, rooms in a hotel, etc)
fill vacancies - give all available items to people
seat vacancies - the number of students that can be admitted to the school
fill seat vacancies - give school admission to students
admission of students through examination alone cannot fill all seat vacancies
quotas - a special limited amount (that people from some group are allowed)
patronage - 1. a system of help or protection given to people, often in return for their support ระบบอุปถัมภ์ , 2. support and money given by someone to a group as charity (without any return)
audit - checking to make sure that everything was done correctly (not breaking rules or laws)
strict - very careful and exact เข้มงวด
donations - money given by people to help some project or organisation financially
strict audits of donations - checking donations very carefully to make sure that rules and laws were followed
standards - an acceptable level of quality or achievement มาตรฐาน
educational standards - a level of achievement in education (from exam scores or good grades at a top school, for example)
imposed - force someone to do something or follow some rule
intensify - to make stronger เข้มข้นขึ้น
intensify competition - stronger competition (for scarce resources, such as seats in the best schools)
prestigious - famous; admired and respected by people ที่มีชื่อเสียง ที่ได้รับความนับถือ
high-profile - well-known, known by most people (mentioned often, in the media, for example)
prestigious and high-profile schools - famous and well-known (hear about often)
eventually - at the end of a period of time or at the end of a process ในที่สุด
stereotype (noun) - a fixed image or belief about something that a group of people have (example: That all Farangs have long noses, is a common stereotype.)
social mores - the typical customs, traditions, beliefs and behavior found among a group of people
stereotypical social mores - what people in a society typically believe
stereotypical social mores about corruption - the typical beliefs that people have about corruption in a society
trying to change the stereotypical social mores about corruption - trying to change the typical beliefs that people have about corruption (example: that corruption cannot be stopped, is inevitable, fatalism)
deteriorate - to become worse เลวร้ายลง
deteriorate the quality of education and human morality
notion - belief or idea ความคิด, ความเชื่อ, แนวคิด
notion contradicted - goes against the idea (both the "notion" and the idea that "contradicts" the notion, cannot both be true)
election - the process of choosing a person or a group of person for a position, especially by voting elect (v) electoral (adj) synonym: the polls การเลือกตั้ง
campaign - to take part in a planned series of activities (a campaign) designed to persuade voters to vote for a particular candidate or political party รณรงค์หาเสียง
election campaign promise - a promise made by a politician (to gain votes and win an election)
gap - a large difference between people or groups ช่องว่าง
reduce the gap between the rich and the poor - make the poor richer (reduce the difference in income)
opportunities - situations in which it is possible to do what you want or need to do
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