Green light for 7,000 community radio stations | Bangkok Post: learning

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Green light for 7,000 community radio stations

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Advertising & broadcasting distance to be strictly regulated with a 1-year trial run before radio licenses are issued. 



Photos above of local volunteers working at Bo Nok community radio station. The popular deejays receive at least 50 calls a day from their audience.

Click button to listen to Radio Station Licenses to download

TELECOMMUNICATIONS

New NBTC draft to endorse 7,000 radio stations

22/05/2012
Komsan Tortermvasana

The broadcasting committee of the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) approved a draft yesterday allowing over 7,000 community radio stations to air on a trial basis.

A public hearing on the draft will be held this July.

The draft will regulate 6,600 already registered community radio stations and another 1,000 stations that submitted their applications for a one-year trial before April 30 this year.

Community radio stations operate without licences because of a regulatory impasse the past several years.

Col Natee Sukonrat, the broadcasting committee chairman, said the draft would pave the way to process radio licences under its master plan, which has been in force since last month.

Under the master plan, the NBTC has to issue draft regulations for radio broadcasting service and begin awarding licences to radio operators within two years.

Col Natee said the draft would divide radio broadcasting into three areas: public, community and business services.

Public service involves broadcasting information and news from the government, or to promote democracy. Advertising is limited and mainly linked to its content.

Community service provides news and information of interest to a community and serves as a communication tool. Advertising is not allowed.

Business service is for profit - it serves companies and can have advertising spots.

It will probably be the most difficult area for a radio station operator to acquire a licence when the process starts.

"There will be an auction for radio frequency licences for business broadcasting," Col Natee said.

The draft states the technical standard for applicants to air radio programmes on a trial basis is power not exceeding 200 watts, antenna height not exceeding 40 metres and service area not exceeding 15 kilometres.

In another development, NBTC's broadcasting committee yesterday required set-top box operators for both satellite and cable TVs to seek a permit from the NBTC.

(Source: Bangkok Post, TELECOMMUNICATIONS, New NBTC draft to endorse 7,000 radio stations, 22/05/2012, Komsan Tortermvasana, link)

Radio Broadcasting Vocabulary

community - local people, all the people who live in a local area or place ชุมชน
community radio stations - local radio stations providing programs for local people

volunteer - a person who does some job to help other people without getting paid to do it  อาสาสมัคร (See Wikipedia)
deejay - an announcer who does radio programs and plays music at a radio station, also called a "disc jockey" (See Wikipedia)

broadcasting - sending radio or TV programs out for people to watch or listen to การกระจายเสียง
radio broadcasting - (See Wikipedia)

air - broadcast
air radio programmes - broadcast radio programmes

draft - not in a final form and likely to be changed ร่าง written for consideration, but not yet in its final form ฉบับร่าง
endorse - officially approve and support

New NBTC draft to endorse 7,000 radio stations

trial - a test, usually over a limited period of time, to discover how effective or suitable something or someone is การทดลอง, การทดสอบ testing it out (before making it permanent) การลองผิดลองถูก การทดลอง
on a trial basis - doing something for a short time as a test to see if it works (before doing it all the time)
one-year trial

hearing - a meeting of an official organization such as a court of law in order to find out the facts about something
public hearing - a hearing that is open to the public to attend (anyone from the outside can come and listen, ask questions or make comments)

The broadcasting committee of the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) approved a draft yesterday allowing over 7,000 community radio stations to air on a trial basis. A public hearing on the draft will be held this July.

regulate - to control an activity officially by using rules ควบคุม
registered - officially recorded and put on a government list and given permission to do some activity

registered
community radio stations
regulate registered community radio stations

submitted - formally given to someone so they can make a decision about it ยื่น ยื่นเอกสารเพื่อการพิจารณา
submitted their applications

impasse - situation in which progress cannot be made, cannot move forward ทางตัน (because, for example, none of the people involved are willing to change their decision)
regulatory impasse

The draft will regulate 6,600 already registered community radio stations and another 1,000 stations that submitted their applications for a one-year trial before April 30 this year. Community radio stations operate without licences because of a regulatory impasse the past several years.

pave
- to cover an area of ground with a hard flat surface of pieces of stone, concrete or bricks
pave the way

process
- a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ
process radio licences

master
plan - the biggest plan that controls all other plans
in force - when a law or rule is being used 

Col Natee Sukonrat, the broadcasting committee chairman, said the draft would pave the way to process radio licences under its master plan, which has been in force since last month.

issue - to officially announce or give out ออก, ออกประกาศ, ออกคำสั่ง
regulations - rules made by the government to control how some activity is done กฎระเบียบ ระเบียบปฏิบัติ ข้อบังคับ
issue draft regulations

license
- permission from the government to do some activity (example: run a certain kind of business)
awarding licenses -
give licenses to people and businesses

operators
- companies or organizations doing some business
radio operators - organizations running a radio station

services
- บริการต่างๆ things produced in service industries, not a physical good that can be bought, a waitress and a cook in a restaurant provide a service, technically: a sequence of activities that does not result in ownership of the outcome (See Wikipedia on services and the goods and services continuum)

Under the master plan, the NBTC has to issue draft regulations for radio broadcasting service and begin awarding licences to radio operators within two years. Col Natee said the draft would divide radio broadcasting into three areas: public, community and business services.

promote - take action to make something stronger and more popular
promote democracy - take action to make democracy stronger

linked
- connected to เชื่อมโยง เกี่ยวกับ
content - the subject, ideas, or story that a piece of writing or a radio or television programme deals with เนื้อหา,สาระ
advertising linked to content

Public service involves broadcasting information and news from the government, or to promote democracy. Advertising is limited and mainly linked to its content.

community - a small local group of people living together
information of interest  

Community service provides news and information of interest to a community and serves as a communication tool. Advertising is not allowed.

profit - money that you make from selling goods and services after all your costs have been paid กำไร
for profit - doing some activity to make money
advertising spots - a time period during or between programs for commercials and advertisements

Business service is for profit - it serves companies and can have advertising spots.

acquire - to get; to obtain ได้มาซึ่ง
licence - official permission from government to do a business or some activity; the official document giving permission to do or use something ใบอนุญาต
acquire a licence - get a license, get official permission to do something

It will probably be the most difficult area for a radio station operator to acquire a licence when the process starts.

auction - selling things by competitive bids, selling to the person who offers that best price (See Wikipedia) การขายโดยการประมูล, การขายทอดตลาด

frequency -
the rate at which a radio, sound or light wave vibrates or moves up and down
radio frequency - a frequency used to broadcast radio programmes over
radio frequency licenses - permission from the government to broadcast radio programmes over a radio frequency

"There will be an auction for radio frequency licences for business broadcasting," Col Natee said.

technical - requiring special detailed knowledge (example: computers, electronics, manufacturing)
technical standard - the technology, materials, processes, and machines used to do specialised work

exceeding - passing a limit, going beyond

applicants - people asking for permission to do something (or be accepted for some program or activity) 
on a trial basis - testing it before doing it permanently

power not exceeding 200 watts -
using a low power for the radio signal so it can only be broadcast a short distance (15 kms)
antenna - a structure made of metal rods or wires which receives or sends out radio or television signals เสาอากาศ

The draft states the technical standard for applicants to air radio programmes on a trial basis is power not exceeding 200 watts, antenna height not exceeding 40 metres and service area not exceeding 15 kilometres.

In another development, ... - another event that is important so it is reported in the news

set-top box -
the little box connected to your TV that allows you to receive cable or satellite TV
set-top box operators - companies that sell cable and satellite TV service (example: True Visions cable service)

In another development, NBTC's broadcasting committee yesterday required set-top box operators for both satellite and cable TVs to seek a permit from the NBTC.

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