Myanmar troops grab hundreds of Thais | Bangkok Post: learning

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Myanmar troops grab hundreds of Thais

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500-800 Thai villagers operating rubber farms on or near Myanmar territory rounded up & held by Burmese army. 


Map above shows Kraburi in Ranong province bordering Myanmar where Thai villagers were seized by Myanmar military. 

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Myanmar troops grab hundreds of Thais

Swoop nets villagers encroaching on border
6/07/2012
Amnart Thongdee

RANONG : Hundreds of Thai villagers encroaching on Myanmar territory opposite Ranong's Kra Buri district have been detained by Myanmar forces, the Fourth Army confirmed yesterday.

Lt Suchart Buapradap, head of the Fourth Army's civilian coordination affairs unit based near the Thai-Myanmar border in Ranong, said yesterday that Myanmar troops rounded up the Thai villagers from the so-called Ban Inthaninkwan on Wednesday evening.

Three villagers escaped the raid and set off on foot to a Thai military outpost to appeal for help.

Lt Suchart said the exact number of Thais being detained by the Myanmar troops was unclear although local Thai authorities estimate 500-800 are being held.

The three male villagers who escaped were identified as Dum Lekpaen, a resident of Kra Buri district; Thawatchai Phromkaew, a resident of Khao Phanom district in Krabi; and Ekkachai Kraisri, also from Khao Phanom district.

The three men said Myanmar soldiers surrounded Ban Inthaninkwang and began threatening the villagers. They also fired warning shots in the air for almost an hour.

Hundreds of villagers were then herded into the middle of the village and arrested, the three witnesses said.

Mr Thawatchai said he was hired by the villagers to bulldoze and flatten land in the village.

He said he was told the location of the village had not been properly demarcated, meaning it could be in Myanmar territory.

About 1,000 people belonging to around 300 families had settled in the area to establish the Ban Inthaninkwan community, said Ruangrit Paemuangpak, the headman of neighbouring Moo 9 village in tambon Jorporror.

Mr Ruangrit said it was difficult to say how many people were rounded up as some of the villagers routinely travel back and forth across the border.

He estimated that up to 800 people were in the village when the raid took place.

Some villagers may have escaped or gone into hiding in the nearby forests, he said.

Kra Buri assistant district chief Jarin Udomchaijaroen said his office was urgently trying to get more information about the villagers' current situation.

Prior to their arrest, he said, several state agencies had warned the villagers on several occasions against settling in Ban Inthaninkwan because of the uncertainty over where the actual border is located.

But the villagers ignored their repeated warnings, Mr Jarin said.

He said he had received a report that six backhoes, two tractors, and between 25 and 30 pick-up trucks were also seized in the raid.

Most of the villagers had encroached on the Myanmar side and established rubber plantations, said Sophon Phisetsin, 50, a resident of Moo 9 village.

He said several Myanmar villagers who crossed the border earlier on Wednesday to shop for food supplies in Thailand had told him that troops were preparing to raid the community.

Mr Sophon said he immediately passed on the warning to the Ban Inthaninkwan villagers but they did not believe him.

Anusorn Srisuksai, a resident of Ban Rangtaen in the same tambon, said both his parents, Boonyuen and Kaenpech Srisuksai, were probably among the detained villagers.

After the raid, he said his mother called him on his mobile phone to say she was hiding alone in the forest in Myanmar. There was no word as to the fate of his father, Mr Anusorn said.

He said he has asked the local authorities to help locate his parents who are very old.

Recently, Maj Gen Manas Khongpaen, of the Internal Security Operations Command (Isoc) Region 4, had revealed that a number of Thais had encroached on more than 6,000 rai of land in Myanmar just opposite Ranong's Kra Buri district and Chumphon's Tha Sae district.

(Source: Bangkok Post, Myanmar troops grab hundreds of Thais, Swoop nets villagers encroaching on border, 6/07/2012, Amnart Thongdee, link


Border Encroachment Vocabulary
 
border - the official line separating two areas, regions or countries เขตแดน อาณาเขต
Thai-Myanmar border


encroach - to go into and stay in an area that does not belong to you, trespass บุกรุก,  ละเมิดสิทธิ, ล่วงล้ำ, รุกล้ำ, ยื่นเข้าไป, ล่วงล้ำเข้าไปในเขตที่หวงห้าม, ล่วงล้ำเข้าไปในบริเวณที่หวงห้ามเพื่อยึดครอง, ล่วงล้ำเข้าไปในสถานที่ของผู้อื่นโดยบังอาจหรือพลการ
encroachment (noun)
border encroachment

territory - an area of land controlled by a particular country, leader or army อาณาบริเวณ อาณาเขตประเทศ ดินแดน
Myanmar territory

encroaching on Myanmar territory

grab - suddenly trying to take hold of something with your hand คว้า

Myanmar troops grab hundreds of Thais

swoop - a quick and sudden movement (such as an attack by police or army on a place)
net - catch

Swoop nets villagers encroaching on border

detain - to keep a person in a place such as a jail and not let them leave 
confirmed - said that a claim is true, verified

Hundreds of Thai villagers encroaching on Myanmar territory opposite Ranong's Kra Buri district have been detained by Myanmar forces, the Fourth Army confirmed yesterday. Kraburi is the northernmost district in Ranong province, bordering Myanmar.

coordination - working together in an efficient manner; the act of making all the people involved in a plan or activity work together in an organised way การประสานกัน
affairs - events and activities relating to the government, politics, economy etc of a country, region, or the world ความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างประเทศ

civilian - of someone who does not belong to the armed forces or the police พลเรือน
civilian coordination affairs unit

round up - gather together and bring to one place
rounded up Thai villagers

Lt Suchart Buapradap, head of the Fourth Army's civilian coordination affairs unit based near the Thai-Myanmar border in Ranong, said yesterday that Myanmar troops rounded up the Thai villagers from the so-called Ban Inthaninkwan on Wednesday evening.

raid - when police or army enter a place by force suddenly searching for illegal activities or goods บุกเข้าจับ การเข้าตรวจค้น การบุกเข้าจับกุม ใช้กำลังเข้าค้นสถานที่ห
escape raid

set off - to start going somewhere; to start on a trip or journey
set off on foot - start walking  

outpost - an army camp far away from the main body of the army (example: near the border)
Thai military outpost

appeal - an urgent request for people to do something or behave in a particular way ร้องขอ
appeal for help - asking people for help

Three villagers escaped the raid and set off on foot to a Thai military outpost to appeal for help.

exact number
unclear

local - in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about ท้องถิ่น
authorities - government officials; the police or people in official organisations who have the legal power to make people obey laws or rules เจ้าหน้าที่ (ตำรวจ หรือผู้มีอำนาจ)
local Thai authorities

estimate
- to say what you think an amount or value is or will be, either by using available information or by guessing คาดคะเน โดยประมาณ

Lt Suchart said the exact number of Thais being detained by the Myanmar troops was unclear although local Thai authorities estimate 500-800 are being held.

identified - named ระบุชื่อ
resident - a person who lives in a particular area ผู้อาศัยในบริเวณ ผู้พักอาศัย, ผู้อยู่อาศัยในบริเวณ ประชาชนที่อาศัยในท้องที่

The three male villagers who escaped were identified as Dum Lekpaen, a resident of Kra Buri district; Thawatchai Phromkaew, a resident of Khao Phanom district in Krabi; and Ekkachai Kraisri, also from Khao Phanom district.

surrounded
surrounded the village s

threaten
threaten the villagers

fire -
shoot a gun
shots -
one shot of a gun
fired warning shots in the air

The three men said Myanmar soldiers surrounded Ban Inthaninkwang and began threatening the villagers. They also fired warning shots in the air for almost an hour.

herd - gather into one place (example: the farmer herded the cattle into the pen)
herded villagers into the middle of the village

arrest - when the police take a person and put them in jail (because of a crime)
witnesses - a person who say an event, usually an accident or crime that they describe, an eyewitness

Hundreds of villagers were then herded into the middle of the village and arrested, the three witnesses said.

bulldozer -
bulldoze -
bulldoze and flatten land in the village

Mr Thawatchai said he was hired by the villagers to bulldoze and flatten land in the village.

properly
demarcate
properly demarcated

He said he was told the location of the village had not been properly demarcated, meaning it could be in Myanmar territory.

establish - to start a company or organization that will likely continue for a long time สถาปนา, ก่อตั้ง, จัดตั้ง
community - the people living in one area, in a local area or place ชุมชน
establish community - create a community

headman - the leader and head of of the village or community

About 1,000 people belonging to around 300 families had settled in the area to establish the Ban Inthaninkwan community, said Ruangrit Paemuangpak, the headman of neighbouring Moo 9 village in tambon Jorporror.

back and forth -
go one way then the other way, go to a place then come back (over and over again, many times)
travel back and forth

routinely - done as a normal part of the job or process
routinely travel back and forth

Mr Ruangrit said it was difficult to say how many people were rounded up as some of the villagers routinely travel back and forth across the border. He estimated that up to 800 people were in the village when the raid took place.

gone into hiding - the person is hiding so people do not know where he is
urgently - needing to be dealt with immediately, must be done quickly because need right now อย่างเร่งด่วน

current - of the present time ปัจจุบัน
the current situation

Some villagers may have escaped or gone into hiding in the nearby forests, he said. Kra Buri assistant district chief Jarin Udomchaijaroen said his office was urgently trying to get more information about the villagers' current situation.

state - government รัฐ
state agencies

occasion -
one time
several occasions

warn
(verb) - tell people they should not do something; tell people that there is danger
warned on several occasions

actual
- real; existing in fact จริง
the actual border - the real border (between the two countries)

where the actual border is located

ignore -
not listen to people, not listen to warnings
repeated -
done many times

warning
(noun) - tell people not to do something or to be careful because of danger
ignored repeated warnings

Prior to their arrest, he said, several state agencies had warned the villagers on several occasions against settling in Ban Inthaninkwan because of the uncertainty over where the actual border is located. But the villagers ignored their repeated warnings, Mr Jarin said.

backhoe - a piece of digging equipment on a tractor, with a large scoop to move dirt (See Wikipedia)

establish - create
plantations - large farms
established rubber plantations

He said he had received a report that six backhoes, two tractors, and between 25 and 30 pick-up trucks were also seized in the raid. Most of the villagers had encroached on the Myanmar side and established rubber plantations, said Sophon Phisetsin, 50, a resident of Moo 9 village. He said several Myanmar villagers who crossed the border earlier on Wednesday to shop for food supplies in Thailand had told him that troops were preparing to raid the community.

immediately - happening right after something else with no delay; right away ทันที
pass on - tell or give other people something you received
immediately passed on the warning

fate - the things that happen or will happen to someone, especially unpleasant things ชะตากรรม
no word - have not received information about something (so do not know what is happening)
no word as to the fate of his father

Mr Sophon said he immediately passed on the warning to the Ban Inthaninkwan villagers but they did not believe him. Anusorn Srisuksai, a resident of Ban Rangtaen in the same tambon, said both his parents, Boonyuen and Kaenpech Srisuksai, were probably among the detained villagers.  After the raid, he said his mother called him on his mobile phone to say she was hiding alone in the forest in Myanmar. There was no word as to the fate of his father, Mr Anusorn said.

locate - to find where something is หาทำเล,หาที่ตั้ง
asked authorities to help locate his parents

revealed - made known or showed somthing that was surprising or that was previously secret เปิดเผย
revealed that a number of Thais had encroached on land

He said he has asked the local authorities to help locate his parents who are very old. Recently, Maj Gen Manas Khongpaen, of the Internal Security Operations Command (Isoc) Region 4, had revealed that a number of Thais had encroached on more than 6,000 rai of land in Myanmar just opposite Ranong's Kra Buri district and Chumphon's Tha Sae district.

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