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When you lose a tooth...

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Dental implant technology can make your teeth like new again if you lose teeth in an accident or just didn't brush & floss your teeth regularly. 



Below is part of the long article which can be read in its entirety here.

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Putting a smile back on their faces

While it is far from cheap, a dental implant is not only beneficial for oral health but can also do wonders for a patient's self-esteem
17/07/2012
Arusa Pisuthipan

She wasn't just worried; Nonglaksna Kitcharoenkankul was petrified. She'd had to have one of her teeth extracted and because of its prominent position her dentist had recommended she undergo a lengthy and expensive procedure she'd never heard of before....[a dental implant]... 

As a result of ... research ...[she did] ... online, Nonglaksna knew that dental implants were the most hi-tech solution available for replacing lost teeth... 

The bill for a single implant can range from 20,000 to almost 100,000 baht, depending on the particular brand used along with the level of professional and other fees...

...The treatment involves inserting a small piece of titanium into the hole once occupied by the root of the extracted tooth.

This metal "root" then functions as an anchor to which an artificial tooth, usually made of ceramic, is later permanently attached using screws.

In the early days, the artificial root was made from stainless steel, but it was found that the human body tended to reject this material. After being implanted for a while, the stainless-steel root would work itself loose and eventually fall out and the underlying bone would also dissolve.

"Finally, scientists discovered that titanium was very well tolerated by the body. This was a huge stepping stone for the development of better quality artificial root devices," Dr Chatchai said, noting that 99% of artificial dental roots on the market today are made from this light but strong and corrosion-resistant metal...

...If the tooth has been extracted only very recently, the wound is given time to heal before the titanium implant is inserted. This is a quick procedure and is carried out under local anaesthetic. Once the anaesthetic wears off, there may be some minor aching for a day or two afterwards, but this responds well to over-the-counter headache tablets.

The implant is barely noticeable; if one looks very closely at the site, one can just make out the tip jutting out of the gums.

Then it's just a matter of waiting. If the extracted tooth is in a very visible area, the dentist may offer to make a temporary denture to cover the gap.

We have to wait for the bone [underneath the extracted tooth] to grow and fuse with the implant. This process can take from two to four months, depending on the quality of the bone. During this period, the patient can continue to wear a removable denture.

"After the root device has stabilised and becomes properly attached to the jaw bone, it is time to install the new tooth or teeth, which are usually made of ceramic. And they always look completely natural," said the dentist, noting that no significant side-effects have been reported to date...

(Source: Bangkok Post, Putting a smile back on their faces, While it is far from cheap, a dental implant is not only beneficial for oral health but can also do wonders for a patient's self-esteem, 17/07/2012, Arusa Pisuthipan, link


Dental Implant Vocabulary

dental implant  - artificial teeth to replace your real teeth after they are removed (See Wikipedia also see osseointegration and story of its pioneer)

denture - false teeth; a set of artificial teeth inserted into the mouth by people who have lost their natural teeth (See Wikipedia)

artificial - not natural, made by humans, opposite: natural ที่ประดิษฐ์ขึ้น จำลอง ที่มนุษย์สร้างขึ้น
natural - found in nature (not made in a factory by humans), opposite: artificial ตามธรรมชาติ

tooth - the hard bonelike white things in the jaws used for biting and chewing (See Wikipedia)
teeth - more than one "tooth"

tooth root -
(See Wikipedia)

artificial tooth
artificial root

gums - the soft part of the inside of the mouth, around the teeth (See Wikipedia)

extract - pull out, remove from a place
extract teeth - to pull out teeth
extracted teeth - teeth that have been pulled out

root of the extracted tooth

oral
- dealing with or about the mouth (or  things spoken from the mouth such as "oral history")
oral health - the health of the mouth and teeth (See Wikipedia and list of topics)

far from cheap - it is not cheap, meaning: it is expensive

beneficial - helpful or good มีประโยชน์

do wonders for - help in a very surprising way

self-esteem
- the feelings about self-worth that a person has about themselves, whether a person feels good or bad about themselves (See Wikipedia)

While it is far from cheap, a dental implant is not only beneficial for oral health but can also do wonders for a patient's self-esteem

petrified - very worried, frigthened and scared about something (means: made into stone)

prominent - easily seen or noticed; important and very noticeable
prominent position - in an easy to see place

recommend - to say that you should do something
undergo - to experience something which is unpleasant or which involves a change ประสบ (เหตุการณ์ในด้านลบ)

procedure
- a way of doing something ขั้นตอนการดำเนินการ
undergo a procedure - have some procedure done to you (by a dentist or doctor, for example)
undergo a lengthy and expensive procedure

She wasn't just worried; Nonglaksna Kitcharoenkankul was petrified. She'd had to have one of her teeth extracted and because of its prominent position her dentist had recommended she undergo a lengthy and expensive procedure she'd never heard of before....[a dental implant]... 

online - connected to the internet
online research

do research online

research done online

As a result of all that research she'd done online, Nonglaksna knew that dental implants were the most hi-tech solution available for replacing lost teeth... 

bill - the piece of paper that tells how much you have to pay for something you bought
bill can range from 20,000 to 100,000 baht 

brand
- a type of product made by a particular company ตรา, ยี่ห้อ
fees - money paid for professional services and advice (from a doctor, lawyer, architect)

The bill for a single implant can range from 20,000 to almost 100,000 baht, depending on the particular brand used along with the level of professional and other fees...

treatment - the process of providing medical care การรักษา
insert - put one thing into another thing (example: insert the key in the lock)

titanium -
a white metal that is very strong and light, used for dental implants (See Wikipedia)

...The treatment involves inserting a small piece of titanium into the hole once occupied by the root of the extracted tooth.

X functions as Y

anchor - 1. to stop something from moving by attaching to something; 2. to prevent a boat from moving by dropping a large very heavy object (an anchor) connected to the ship into the water ทอดสมอ

ceramic - a very hard material that is made from clay backed at high temperatures (See Wikipedia)

permanently - for all time in the future อย่างเป็นการถาวร
permanently attached using screws

This metal "root" then functions as an anchor to which an artificial tooth, usually made of ceramic, is later permanently attached using screws.

reject - to not accept something ไม่ยอมรับ
the human body tended to reject
this material - meaning: an immune response (the immune system does not accept many foreign objects put into the body)

loose
work itself loose

eventually
- at the end of a period of time or at the end of a process ในที่สุด
eventually fall out

work itself loose
and eventually fall out

underlying - underneath, supporting, forming a foundation or basis for something
underlying bone

dissolve - to be absorbed by a liquid, especially when mixed ละลาย
bone dissolves


the underlying bone would also dissolve

In the early days, the artificial root was made from stainl ess steel, but it was found that the human body tended to reject this material. After being implanted for a while, the stainless-steel root would work itself loose and eventually fall out and the underlying bone would also dissolve.

tolerated by the body
stepping stone - one thing that you must to do to achieve your goal (must "step" on the "stone" to travel to your destination)

development - the gradual growth and formation of something
development of better quality devices

corrosion -
the slow, gradual destruction of metal by a chemical reaction (See Wikipedia)

resistant
- not harmed or affected by something
corrosion-resistant metal...

"Finally, scientists discovered that titanium was very well tolerated by the body. This was a huge stepping stone for the development of better quality artificial root devices," Dr Chatchai said, noting that 99% of artificial dental roots on the market today are made from this light but strong and corrosion-resistant metal...

wound - an injury in which your skin or flesh is damaged บาดแผล บาดเจ็บ
wound heals - when the damaged skin gets better and a scar forms
wound given time to heal

anaesthetic
- a drug that makes you unable to feel pain ยาชา,ยาสลบ (See Wikipedia)
local anaesthetic - a drug that makes you unable to feel pain in only one area of the body, relieves pain in part of the body (See Wikipedia)
local anaesthetic - a drug that relieves pain in the whole body ()

wears off - when the effect of some drug on the body ends slowly
anaesthetic wears off - when the pain-stopping ends and you can feel pain again

minor - not important; small; having little influence or effect เล็กน้อย
minor aching for a day or two afterwards

over-the-counter drugs - drugs that you can buy in a drugstore "over the counter" without a doctors' permission (or "prescription")
over-the-counter headache tablets

...If the tooth has been extracted only very recently, the wound is given time to heal before the titanium implant is inserted. This is a quick procedure and is carried out under local anaesthetic. Once the anaesthetic wears off, there may be some minor aching for a day or two afterwards, but this responds well to over-the-counter headache tablets.

barely - almost not happening แทบไม่เคยเกิดขึ้น
barely noticeable - can almost not see it

site - a place where something is located or happens สถานที่ สถานที่เกิดเหตุ
look closely at the site

make out - see
just make out - can see it a little bit (but difficult); can almost not see it 

jut out - stick out
the tip jutting out of the gums

The implant is barely noticeable; if one looks very closely at the site, one can just make out the tip jutting out of the gums.

temporary
- done or used for only a limited period of time, i.e., not permanent ชั่วคราว
temporary denture

removable -
can take out of the place where it is
removable denture
 
matter - a situation or subject which is being dealt with or considered เรื่อง, ภารกิจ, งาน something that you are discussing, considering or dealing with สิ่งที่พูดถึง ประเด็นที่พูดถึง

X is a matter of Y - to achieve goal X you have to do Y
X is just a matter of Y - the only thing you have to do to achieve goal X is do Y

just a matter of waiting - just wait and it will happen

gap
- a space or opening in the middle of something or between things ช่องว่าง
cover the gap

fuse with - join together with

process
- a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ
patient - someone who is receiving medical treatment คนป่วย, คนไข้

Then it's just a matter of waiting. If the extracted tooth is in a very visible area, the dentist may offer to make a temporary denture to cover the gap. We have to wait for the bone [underneath the extracted tooth] to grow and fuse with the implant. This process can take from two to four months, depending on the quality of the bone. During this period, the patient can continue to wear a removable denture.

device - a thing, machine or piece of equipment that does a particular job อุปกรณ์ เครื่องมือ  เครื่องจักร
install
- put a piece of equipment somewhere and make it ready to be used ติดตั้งอุปกรณ์

significant
- important สำคัญ
no significant side-effects have been reported to date

"After the root device has stabilised and becomes properly attached to the jaw bone, it is time to install the new tooth or teeth, which are usually made of ceramic. And they always look completely natural," said the dentist, noting that no significant side-effects have been reported to date...

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