Troops leave Preah Vihear area | Bangkok Post: learning

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Troops leave Preah Vihear area

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Police have replaced soldiers on both sides of the Thai-Cambodian border as the two countries respond to an International Court of Justice order. 

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Border patrol police get a tour of an area near the Preah Vihear temple in Si Sa Ket’s Kantharalak district from soldiers they are replacing. PAWAT LAOPAISARNTAKSIN

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Troops pulled from Preah Vihear

Cambodian soldiers pose as civilians, source says

Wassana Nanuam & Agencies

Thailand and Cambodia started redeploying their soldiers from disputed border areas yesterday as "the first step" in following the International Court of Justice's order of last year.

Defence Minister Sukumpol Suwanatat and army chief Prayuth Chan-ocha yesterday oversaw the deployment of two companies of border patrol police officers to replace soldiers who withdrew from the 17.3 sq km area around the Preah Vihear temple, marked as a demilitarised zone by the ICJ.

The zone includes the 9th-century Hindu temple and a 4.6 sq km surrounding area, the ownership of which is claimed by both countries.

Phnom Penh has asked the ICJ to interpret whether the immediate vicinity around the temple belongs to Cambodia.

The border area near the Preah Viharn temple looks very peaceful as both Thailand and Cambodia begin to withdraw troops from a 17.3 sq km demilitarised zone. PAWAT LAOPAISARNTAKSIN

The court has ordered the two countries to pull out their troops until it renders its judgement.

The ICJ is likely to rule on the case in September or October next year.

ACM Sukumpol said Cambodia must also comply with the ICJ's order.

"If they are gentlemen, they must honour the agreement," he said in response to reports that Cambodian soldiers remain in the disputed area posing as civilians.

ACM Sukumpol said that initially border patrol police will work with soldiers in the border area. This was the first step and more troops would be redeployed in the future, he said.

He brushed aside concerns that the troop redeployment would lead to a loss of territory for Thailand. "We are not at a disadvantage," he said.

However, a border military source said Cambodia had sent in more soldiers to the disputed areas near Preah Vihear over the past two weeks.

Some 200 Cambodian troops removed their military uniforms and donned civilian clothing to pose as staff looking after the Preah Vihear temple, a source said.

The source said Cambodian troops continued to keep heavy weapons such as artillery and rocket-propelled grenade launchers around the temple.

Deputy Prime Minister Yutthasak Sasiprapa, who oversees national security, said yesterday that negotiations must continue on clearing the surrounding community, market and the Keo Sikha Kiri Savara pagoda which is occupied by Cambodian villagers and monks.

Cambodian troops withdraw from the temple area yesterday. AFP

Meanwhile, Cambodia yesterday replaced its soldiers in the disputed area with police.

Some 485 Cambodian troops pulled back from a demilitarised zone and 255 police entered it, and another 100 have moved to the temple grounds, according to Cambodia's Deputy Defence Minister Gen Neang Phath.

border – the official line separating two areas, regions or countries  เขตแดน อาณาเขต
border patrol police – the part of the police force that is responsible for border security ตำรวจตระเวณชายแดน
replace – to put something/someone new in place of something/someone old  นำสิ่งใหม่มาใช้แทน
troops – soldiers, especially in large numbers กองทหาร
pose – to pretend to be something วางท่า
civilian – of someone who does not belong to the armed forces or the police พลเรือน
source – someone who gives information แหล่งข่าว
redeploy – to move someone or something to a different place or a different job ส่งเข้าไปใหม่
disputed area – an area claimed by two or more countries, groups or people  พื้นที่ที่เป็นกรณีพิพาท
Defence Minister – the person in the cabinet (คณะรัฐมนตรี) in charge of a Ministry of Defence (กระทรวงกลาโหม), which oversees the armed forces รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวงกลาโหม
oversee – to watch or organise a job or an activity to make certain that it is being done correctly คุมงาน,ควบคุม
deployment – the movement of soldiers or equipment to a place where they can be used when they are needed การเคลื่อนกำลังพลพร้อมอาวุธไปอยู่ในตำแหน่งที่พร้อมจะต่อสู้ (ทางทหาร)
company – a group of soldiers or police that is usually divided into two or more smaller groups กองร้อย
withdraw – to take or move out or back ถอนตัวจาก
demilitarised zone – an area from which military forces have been removed or are not allowed to be เขตปลอดทหาร
surrounding – all around a place  บริเวณรอบๆ
claim – to say that you have the right to have or own something, especially land or property อ้างสิทธิ
interpret – to decide what the intended meaning of something is ตีความ, ชี้แจง
immediate – next to or very close to a particular place or time ชิด
vicinity – an area near a particular place บริเวณใกลเคียง
render – to present something, especially when it is done officially ตีความ, ปฏิบัติ
judgement – the decision of a court or a judge พิพากษา
rule – (of a court or other group with similar authority) to make and announce a decision ตัดสิน, พิพากษา, ชี้ขาด
comply with – to obey a rule or law or do what someone asks you to do  ปฏิบัติตาม
gentleman – a man who is polite and well educated, who has excellent manners and always behaves well สุภาพบุรุษ
honour – to do what you promised to do ทำตามสัญญา
initially – at first ในเบื้องต้น
brush aside – to refuse to accept that something is true ไม่เชื่อ, ไม่ยอมรับ
concern – a worry ความกังวล
territory – an area of land controlled by a particular country, leader or army อาณาบริเวณ  อาณาเขตประเทศ
disadvantage – something that makes someone or something less effective, successful or attractive ข้อเสียเปรียบ ข้อด้อย
uniform – the special set of clothes worn by all members of an organisation or a group at work, or by children at school  เครื่องแบบ
don – to put on a piece of clothing ใส่
look after – to take care of someone or something – ดูแล
artillery – large powerful guns that are used by an army and are moved on wheels or fixed in one place ปืนใหญ่
rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) – any hand-held, shoulder-launched weapon capable of firing an unguided rocket equipped with an explosive warhead
launcher – a device that sends something such as a rocket or a missile into the air with force – สิ่งที่ใช้ปล่อย, เครื่องปล่อย
national security – the protection or the safety of a country’s secrets and its citizens การรักษาความมั่นคงแห่ง่ชาติ
negotiations – formal discussion in which people or groups try to reach an agreement การเจรจาต่อรอง
community – the people living in one particular area ชุมชน
pagoda – a temple in S or E Asia in the form of a tall tower with several levels เจดีย์
occupy – to be in control of an area that you have entered in a group เข้าครอง
deputy – a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation รอง 

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