Deadly cocktail on Phi Phi island? | Bangkok Post: learning

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Deadly cocktail on Phi Phi island?

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Insecticide commonly added to drugged party drink on tourist island likely cause of death for Canadian sisters. 


Photo above of the two Canadian sisters Noemi (left) and Audrey Belanger found dead in their room on Phi Phi island on June 15.

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Local News

DEET in drinks killed sisters

1/09/2012

The deaths of two Canadian sisters on Koh Phi Phi in June were caused by the insect repellent DEET in their drinks, according to Canadian media reports.

Results of the autopsy at a Bangkok hospital have not been publicly released, but they were shown to reporters for Radio-Canada, the French-language news network of the Canadian Broadcasting Corp.

According to the report, 20-year-old Audrey Belanger and her sister Noemi, 25, had DEET (diethyl-meta-toluamide) in their bodies.

Though the chemical is a potentially neurotoxic mosquito repellent, it is sometimes used as an ingredient to add an extra kick to a euphoria-inducing cocktail that is popular among young people in Thailand.

The cocktail known locally as 4x100 contains cough syrup, cola, ground-up kratom leaves, which are a mild narcotic, and ice.

It is thought that an overdose of DEET was accidentally mixed into the young women's drinks.

Large plastic buckets filled with different drink ingredients that are sipped through a straw are popular with Phi Phi partiers, who carry the buckets from place to place.

The sisters from Pohenegamook, Quebec had just arrived on Phi Phi and were last seen partying with two Brazilian friends in the early morning of June 13.

Forty-eight hours later, when staff at their hotel hadn't seen them emerge from their room, a receptionist called police.

The sisters were found dead in their room, and it was speculated that poisoning, probably accidental, played a role. Police said they found no signs of foul play.

However, officers did find a lot of vomit in the room and there was blood on the young women's faces, leading investigators to say early on that the women may have suffered some kind of toxic reaction.

Another autopsy is supposed to take place in Montreal, but final results from that are expected to take months.

In 2009, two young tourists, one from the United States and the other from Norway, who were staying at a nearby guest house on Phi Phi also died under mysterious circumstances.

Their deaths remain unsolved, but there was speculation the women had been poisoned.

(Source: Bangkok Post, DEET in drinks killed sisters, 1/09/2012, link)


Drug Abuse Vocabulary

drug abuse - regular use of a drug that you need to have a doctor's approval to use; usually mind-altering or "psychoactive" drugs; also called "substance abuse" (See Wikipedia)

recreation (noun) - activities that people do to relax and enjoy themselves in their free time
recreational (adjective)
recreational drug use - the use of a drug for recreation including alcohol, nicotine in cigarettes, caffeine in coffee and also illegal mind-altering or psychoactive drugs such as mephamphetamines (yaa baa) or LSD (See Wikipedia)

kratom leaves - the leaves of a large tree that grows in Thailand and Southeast Asia traditionally used for medicine or as a recreational drug: "Kratom has been traditionally chewed or brewed into a tea ... has a history of use by laborers and in folk medicine for opium dependence and diarrhea... One study of Thai users reported that kratom has subtle calming effects in low doses, changing over to mild stimulation in higher doses. Other anecdotal sources say that it may be a mild, caffeine-like stimulant in lower doses, but decreases the effect in higher doses, which is consistent with mitragynine's receptor binding profile. ... Effects come on within five to ten minutes after use, and last for several hours, depending on individual physiology. The feeling has been described as subtly active, while the mind is described as calm... As with any substance that is ingested, adulteration or contamination is also a risk.... One brand that contained a mix of several different substances rather than natural kratom was linked to the deaths of nine people in Sweden during 2010-2011" กระท่อม (See Wikipedia)

DEET (diethyl-meta-toluamide) -
"the most common active ingredient in insect repellents. It is intended to be applied to the skin or to clothing, and provides protection against tick bites, mosquito bites, chiggers, and other insects that can transmit disease.... DEET has been found to inhibit the activity of a central nervous system enzyme, acetylcholinesterase, in both insects and mammals.  This enzyme is involved in the hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, thus playing a role in the function of the neurons which control muscles. Because of this property, many insecticides are used to block acetylcholinesterase, which leads to an excessive accumulation of acetylcholine at the synaptic cleft, causing neuromuscular paralysis and death by asphyxiation" (See Wikipedia)

DEET in drinks killed sisters

repellent - a device used to force someone to move away from a place ตัวขับไล่
insect repellent - a chemical that people put on their body or in the air to keep insects away such as mosquitoes away from them (See Wikipedia)

media - radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group สื่อ
media reports

The deaths of two Canadian sisters on Koh Phi Phi in June were caused by the insect repellent DEET in their drinks, according to Canadian media reports.

autopsy -  "a thorough examination of a corpse to determine the cause and manner of death and to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present. It is usually performed by a specialized medical doctor called a pathologist"  (See Wikipedia)

released - made available to the public
publicly released

network
- a large system of connected parts, organisations, people, etc. เครือข่าย
news network

Results of the autopsy at a Bangkok hospital have not been publicly released, but they were shown to reporters for Radio-Canada, the French-language news network of the Canadian Broadcasting Corp.

toxic - poisonous and harmful to people, animals, or the environment (if you drink or eat it, it can hurt or kill you) มีพิษ,เป็นพิษ
neurotoxic - it can hurt and damage the nervous system (brain, spinal chord, nerves)

potentially - possible, possibly เป็นไปได้ ที่อาจเกิดขึ้นได้
potentially neurotoxic mosquito repellent

ingredients - foods that are used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish; one of the substances that are combined to make something ส่วนผสม ส่วนประกอบ

a kick -
1. make something stronger (example: adding some M150 to the whisky gave it a little kick); 2. hitting something with your foot 
an extra kick
add an extra kick

euphoria - feeling very happy for a short time (example: She had a great feeling of euphoria when she received her college acceptance letter.)
induce -
cause
euphoria-inducing - causing euphoria; causing short intense happiness 

cocktail
- 1. a mixture of different alcoholic drinks; 2. a mixture of different liquids การผสมกัน
euphoria-inducing cocktail

add an extra kick to a euphoria-inducing cocktail

cough - to force air up through your throat with a sudden noise, especially when you have a cold การไอ
cough syrup - the medicine that people take to stop coughing (See Wikipedia)

grind
(verb) - to break something into very small pieces and powder บด
ground
(adjective)
ground-up -
broken into small pieces
ground-up kratom leaves

narcotic - any illegal drug (especially drugs that are addictive, make you feel less pain and make you sleep) (See Wikipedia)
a mild narcotic

dose
- a measured amount of drug taken by a person
overdose - to take too much of a drug (with a bad effect on health)

sip -
to drink in small amounts  จิบ, ดื่มทีละนิด, ดื่มจิบ
straw -
a small plastic tube for drinking (usually a soft drink like Coke)  หลอด
sipped through a straw

According to the report, 20-year-old Audrey Belanger and her sister Noemi, 25, had DEET (diethyl-meta-toluamide) in their bodies. Though the chemical is a potentially neurotoxic mosquito repellent, it is sometimes used as an ingredient to add an extra kick to a euphoria-inducing cocktail that is popular among young people in Thailand. The cocktail known locally as 4x100 contains cough syrup, cola, ground-up kratom leaves, which are a mild narcotic, and ice. It is thought that an overdose of DEET was accidentally mixed into the young women's drinks. Large plastic buckets filled with different drink ingredients that are sipped through a straw are popular with Phi Phi partiers, who carry the buckets from place to place.

party - meeting with friends and family to talk, eat, drink and have fun; social gathering, get-together งานกินเลี้ยง, งานเลี้ยง, งานที่ผู้คนมาพบปะสังสรรค์กัน มีการรับประทานอาหารร่วมกันหรืออาจมีการเต้นรำ เป็นต้น
partying - the activity of having a party with family and friends

staff
- employees of a company, people who work for a company พนักงาน
staff at the hotel

emerge -
come out
emerge from their room -
come out of their room

receptionist - the person who first meets you when you enter a shop or office  พนักงานต้อนรับ
a receptionist called the police

The sisters from Pohenegamook, Quebec had just arrived on Phi Phi and were last seen partying with two Brazilian friends in the early morning of June 13. Forty-eight hours later, when staff at their hotel hadn't seen them emerge from their room, a receptionist called the police.

speculation - ideas or discussion about what might happen or has happened or why something has happened without having complete information การคาดการณ์
speculate - saying what you think might happen in future or what might have happened in the past สันนิษฐาน คาดการณ์
speculation that the women had been poisoned

accident
(noun) - when something happens that is not planned or expected เหตุบังเอิญ
accidental
(adjective) - โดยบังเอิญ

poison (noun) - ยาพิษ
poison (verb) -
วางยาพิษ, ใส่ยาพิษ, ลอบเอายาพิษให้กิน, ฆ่าด้วยยาพิษ
poisoning - when someone is poisoned
accidental poisoning

lethal - very dangerous and able to kill you เป็นอันตรายถึงชีวิต

role - the position or purpose that someone or something has in a situation, organisation, society or relationship บทบาท
played a
role

foul - extremely unpleasant น่ารังเกียจ
foul play - someone tried to hurt them; not an accident (a crime; someone broke the law)
signs of foul play
no signs of foul play
police found no signs of foul play

vomit - to empty the contents of the stomach through the mouth อาเจียน
officers did find a lot of vomit in the room

reaction - the way a person or thing responds or behaves as a result of something that happens ปฏิกิริยาตอบโต
toxic reaction
suffered some kind of toxic reaction

results - what is produced in the end by an activity or task
final results - the results in the end

expected - believe will happen คาดว่า (จะเกิดขึ้น)
expected to take months - will take more than one month to complete and finish

final results from that are expected to take months 

The sisters were found dead in their room, and it was speculated that poisoning, probably accidental, played a role. Police said they found no signs of foul play. However, officers did find a lot of vomit in the room and there was blood on the young women's faces, leading investigators to say early on that the women may have suffered some kind of toxic reaction. Another autopsy is supposed to take place in Montreal, but final results from that are expected to take months.

staying at a guest house
staying at a nearby guest house
staying at a nearby guest house on Phi Phi

mysterious - not explained or understood; full of secrets ลึกลับ, น่าพิศวง, น่าประหลาด
circumstances - situation, conditions in which we live

circumstances - all the facts and conditions affecting a situation
mysterious - strange and not understood (example: the mysterious death left the investigators confused)
mysterious circumstances  
died under mysterious circumstances

In 2009, two young tourists, one from the United States and the other from Norway, who were staying at a nearby guest house on Phi Phi also died under mysterious circumstances. Their deaths remain unsolved, but there was speculation the women had been poisoned.

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