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Endangered lemurs

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Lemurs are among the world's most endangered species, a new report says, and, in the future, they may only exist in zoos or in the cartoon movie series "Madagascar". 

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A ring-tailed lemur and her two cubs discover the enclosure at the zoo in Marlow, eastern Germany. BERND WUSTNECK/AFP

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Madagascar lemurs top endangered primates list


Lemurs in Madagascar are severely endangered due to habitat destruction and illegal hunting, according to the UN's Convention on Biological Diversity.

The IUCN, which compiles lists of endangered animals, said about 90 of the 103 lemur species and subspecies were threatened with extinction.

In the hit cartoon film "Madagascar," the island's lemurs are a lovable bunch of extroverts, but they are also among the world's most threatened primates, conservationists warned on Monday.

The lovable lemurs in the cartoon movie series "Madagascar" won the primate fans through the world. DREAMWORKS

A report released at the UN's Convention on Biological Diversity meeting in the Indian city of Hyderabad said lemurs in Madagascar, off the east coast of Africa, are severely endangered due to habitat destruction and illegal hunting.
"Primates in Peril" named the world's 25 most threatened primates, saying six of them were from Madagascar, five from Vietnam, three from Indonesia and two from Brazil.
"This report shows that the world's primates are under increasing threat from human activities," said Christoph Schwitzer, head of research at the Bristol Conservation and Science Foundation.
"Whilst we haven't lost any primate species yet during this century, some of them are in very dire straits.
"The lemurs are now one of the world's most endangered groups of mammals, after more than three years of political crisis and a lack of effective enforcement in their home country, Madagascar."
Madagascar's rarest lemur, the northern sportive lemur, is now down to just 19 animals in the wild.
The country's government was overthrown in a coup in 2009, and the United States has denounced its failure to protect the furry lemurs, which gained fans worldwide through the DreamWorks Animation's "Madagascar" movie series.

"Primates are our closest living relatives and... we continue to discover new species every year since 2000," said Russell Mittermeier, chairman of the IUCN.
"Primate-watching is growing in interest and serving as a key source of livelihood in many local communities living around protected areas in which these species occur."

enclosure – a piece of land that is surrounded by a fence or wall and is used for a particular purpose  สังเวียน, การกั้นรั้วล้อม, กรง
endangered – at risk or in danger of being harmed, damaged or destroyed เป็นอันตราย
primates - members of the most developed and intelligent group of mammals, including humans, monkeys and apes สัตว์เลี้ยงลูกด้วยนม
severely – very seriously อย่างรุนแรง
due to – because of เนื่องจาก
habitat – the type of place that a particular animal usually lives in or a particular plant usually grows in ถิ่นที่อยู่ของพืชหรือสัตว์
destruction – when something is destroyed การทำลาย
illegal – against the law ผิดกฎหมาย, นอกกฎหมาย
convention – an official agreement between countries or leaders สนธิสัญญ, ข้อตกลง  
diversity – including many different types of things or people ความหลากหลาย
compile – to collect information from different places and arrange it in a book, report or list รวบรวม
species – a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other พันธ์,จำพวก
subspecies – a group into which animals, plants, etc. that have similar characteristics are divided, smaller than a species  ชนิดย่อย (พืช, สัตว์)
threatened – at risk; in danger ตกอยู่ในความเสี่ยง
extinction – a situation in which a plant, an animal, a way of life, etc. stops existing การสูญพันธุ์
bunch –  a group of people or animals กลุ่ม
extrovert – a lively and confident person who enjoys being with other people  ผู้ชอบเอาใจใส่ต่อสิ่งภายนอก adj. เกี่ยวกับการชอบเอาใจใส่ต่อสิ่งภายนอกหรือสิ่งแวดล้อม
conservationist – a person who takes an active part in the protection of the environment นักอนุรักษ์ธรรมชาติ
warn – to make someone aware of a possible problem or danger เตือน
release – to make known to the public เปิดเผย, ให้ข่าว
peril – serious danger การตกอยู่ในอันตราย, การเสี่ยงภัย
research – a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it การวิจัย
foundation – an organisation that provides money for things such as medical research or for a charity มูลนิธิ
century – a period of one hundred years ศตวรรษ
in dire straits – in a very difficult situation อับจน, ในสถานการณ์ที่ยากลำบากมาก
mammal – any animal of which the female gives birth to babies, not eggs, and feeds them on milk from her own body สัตว์เลี้ยงลูกด้วยนม
crisis – a situation that has reached and extremely difficult or dangerous point ช่วงวิกฤต
lack – to not have something needed  ขาด
effective – producing the result that was intended ได้ผลดี
enforcement – the process of making sure that something happens, especially that people obey a law or rule การบังคับใช้กฎหมาย
rare – not often seen or found หาได้ยาก
the wild – living or growing in natural conditions; not kept in a house or on a farm สภาพธรรมชาติ
overthrow – to force a leader or government out of power ขับไล่ออกจากอำนาจ
coup (d’etat) – the seizure of power in a country by a group of people, usually members of the armed forces รัฐประหาร
denounce – to criticise someone or something severely in public ประณาม, ติเตียน
relative – a member of your family, in this case, the animal family ญาติพี่น้อง
source of livelihood – a way of earning money ทางได้, วิธีที่จะได้มาซึ่งผลประโยชน์
local – in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about  ท้องถิ่น
community – the people living in one particular area ชุมชน
coup – the seizure of power in a country by a group of people, usually members of the armed forces รัฐประหาร

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