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Giant penguins: From 34 million years ago

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Scientists have found a type of penguin taller than most humans that lived 34 million years ago in icy Antarctica. 

Two King Penguins and one Gentoo Penguin walking on a beach

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Breakingnews

Giant penguin fossils found in Antarctica

21/11/2012
AFP News agency
Agence France-Presse

Argentine experts have discovered the fossils of a two-meter (200 centimeters, 6.5 foot) tall penguin that lived in Antarctica 34 million years ago.

Paleontologists with the Natural Sciences Museum of La Plata province, where the capital Buenos Aires is located, said the remains were found on the icy southern continent.

"This is the largest penguin known to date in terms of height and body mass," said researcher Carolina Acosta, who noted that the record had been held by emperor penguins, which reach heights of 1.2 meters (4 feet) tall.

Lead researcher Marcelo Reguero added that the find, announced Tuesday, will "allow for a more intensive and complex study of the ancestors of modern penguins."

In its next expedition to Antarctica, during the region's summer, the team will seek additional fossils of the newly discovered species, as well as information about its anatomy and how the giant penguin might have moved.

Previous finds from prehistoric penguins indicated they did not sport the iconic black and white feathers the birds are known for today, but had reddish-brown and gray plumage.

(Source: Bangkok Post, Breakingnews, Giant penguin fossils found in Antarctica, 21/11/2012, AFP News agency, Agence France-Presse, link


Giant Penguin Vocabulary

penguin - small blackand white birds that do not fly who mostly live in Antarctic (See Wikipedia)

emperor penguins - the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species living mostly in Antarctica reaching 122 cm (48 in) in height and weighing anywhere from 22 to 45 kg (49 to 99 lb), like most penguins it is flightless and easts mostly fish (See Wikipedia)

fossil - animals, dinosaurs and plants that lived thousands of years ago and turned into rock (fossils) after they died ซากพืชหรือสัตว์ที่เป็นหิน, ซากฟอสซิล (See Wikipedia)
penguin fossils

paleontology - the study of living things that lived thousands of years ago (prehistoric life), includes study of fossils, evolution and interactions with other living things  and the environments (See Wikipedia)
paleontologists - scientists who do paleontology research

prehistory (noun) - long ago in the distant past, before history, what happened in the world before the time that history was written donw (See Wikipedia)
prehistoric (adjective)  
prehistoric penguins

Antarctica -
the most southern continent at the south pole, covered with ice (See Wikipedia)

continent - one of the seven large land masses on planet earth: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia ทวีป (See Wikipedia)
the icy southern continent

South Pole - "the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole" (See Wikipedia)

giant penguin fossils found in Antarctica

experts - people who know a lot about something, about some subject ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ
experts discovered the fossils of a two-meter tall penguin

colony - a group of people or animals who live in a place
a colony of King penguins in Antarctica

capital - the main city and center for government in a country
the capital Buenos Aires

remains - the body of a person or animal that has died ซากศพ
the remains were found on the icy southern continent

to date - up to this date
the largest penguin known to date

body mass - weight, the weight of the body น้ำหนัก

in terms of - as measured by
the largest penguin in terms of height and body mass

record
- the best or most ever achieved สถิติ
the record had been held by emperor penguins

lead - the leader or head of a team or group of researchers
lead researcher

intensive - involving a lot of effort, energy, or attention เข้มข้น, เข้มงวด, ซึ่งต้องใช้ความพยายาม
complex - an area that has several parts, complicated, involved, not simple ซับซ้อน, ที่ประกอบด้วยสองส่วนขึ้นไป
a more intensive and complex study

ancestors - people who are related to you who lived a long time ago บรรพบุรุษ
the ancestors of modern penguins 

the find - a valuable, a thing or fact of value that scientists or researchers have found สิ่งของหรือคนที่มีคุณค่าที่ได้ค้นพบ
the find will allow for a more intensive and complex study of the ancestors of modern penguins 
previous finds

species - a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other พันธ์,จำพวก
the newly discovered species

expedition - การเดินทาง, คณะผู้เดินทางดังกล่าว, ความว่องไวหรือรวดเร็วในการกระทำบางอย่าง
additional - ที่เพิ่มขึ้น, ที่มากขึ้น, ที่เพิ่มเติมขึ้น
in its next expedition to Antarctica will seek additional fossils of the newly discovered species

anatomy - กายวิภาคศาสตร์,  ร่างกายมนุษย ์
will seek information about its anatomy and how the giant penguin might have moved

plumage - feathers
prehistoric penguins had reddish-brown and gray plumage

indicate - show 
previous finds indicated that ...

iconic - something that identifies something or someone (commonly seen with, when you think of it, you think of this) 
the iconic black and white feathers

sport - to wear something (such as some special clothes or accessory) 
sport the iconic black and white feathers

known for - the thing that it is famous and well-known for having, what people think of when they think of it (identifying characteristic)
known for black and white feathers

previous finds from prehistoric penguins indicated they did not sport the iconic black and white feathers the birds are known for today

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