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Kidney donors needed

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With only 400 kidneys available for transplant each year & 4,000 people waiting in line, more kidney donors urgently needed. 

Photo above of an organ donor card that a person carries with them at all times. If they are in an accident and die then their kidneys and other organs can be used to save the lives of other people who will die without an organ transplant (See Wikipedia).

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Healthcare

Hospital appeals for more kidney donors

Nation faces shortage as 4,000 await transplants
26/11/2012
Penchan Charoensuthipan

The country is running critically short of kidney donors, Ramathibodi Hospital's kidney transplant project says.

Of the more than 40,000 people who suffer from chronic kidney disease, about 4,000 of them are awaiting a kidney transplant. But there are only about 400 kidneys available for transplant procedures each year...

Although there is enough money and enough transplant specialists available for the required surgeries, the hospital is having difficulty attracting donors...

The shortage is aggravated by an annual average increase of 14,000 new kidney disease sufferers...

....more than 10,000 people whose kidneys are in good condition die every year from accidents or brain injuries - but only about 200 of those kidneys, or 100 pairs of the organs, are donated annually.

Most kidney transplants come from healthy relatives of patients...[and]... the transplants are usually successful.

....In the 26 years Ramathibodi Hospital has performed kidney transplant operations ... 1,554 successful surgeries... [have been performed]...

Both the donors and recipients of kidneys can have healthy, long lives with only one kidney...

The transplant surgeries are provided free of charge to subscribers of the social security scheme, the gold card universal health insurance scheme and the state officials' welfare programme. These three health insurance schemes cover large portions of the population.

... in many cases, people have contracted kidney disease after suffering from other chronic illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension.

Prevention of kidney disease is better than waiting for a transplant. "A lot of Thais tend to eat salty food," ... which can contribute to kidney disease... 

Chatuporn Khamchuen, 53, of Kanchanaburi, had a kidney transplant when he was 37.

The kidney was donated by his younger brother, and both of them are now in fine health...

Before the transplant surgery, his kidney functions were deteriorating quickly...

Watcharaporn Namthaisong, 37, donated one of her kidneys to her seven-year-old son last year.

After the operation, the boy, who was born with a kidney defect, was given immunosuppression medicine to prevent the body from rejecting the organ. Since the operation, Ms Watcharaporn said her son is physically strong and has managed to put on some of the weight he lost due to the illness.

(Source: Bangkok Post, Hospital appeals for more kidney donors, Nation faces shortage as 4,000 await transplants, 26/11/2012, Penchan Charoensuthipan, link


Kidney Transplant & Donor Vocabulary


organ donor -
the donation of an organ from a living or dead person to a living recipient in need of a transplantation, when a person is still alive they can agree to donate an organ after they die (by an accident, for example) (See Wikipedia)

organ - in biology and anatomy an organ is a collection of tissues joined in a structural unit to serve a common function  (See Wikipedia)
tissue - a collection of different types cells in an organ performing some function in the organ (See Wikipedia

kidney - one of the two organs in your body that clean your blood and remove waste ไต (See Wikipedia)
kidney transplant

organ transplant
- when an organ is moved from one person to another person who needs it 

organ transplantation -  the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site on the patient's own body to replace the recipient's damaged or absent organ... Organs that can be transplanted are the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, and thymus. Tissues include bones, tendons (both referred to as musculoskeletal grafts), cornea, skin, heart valves, and veins. Worldwide, the kidneys are the most commonly transplanted organs, followed closely by the liver and then the heart. The cornea and musculoskeletal grafts are the most commonly transplanted tissues; these outnumber organ transplants by more than tenfold.... Organ donors may be living, or brain dead... The emerging field of regenerative medicine is allowing scientists and engineers to create organs to be re-grown from the patient's own cells (stem cells, or cells extracted from the failing organs) (See Wikipedia)

dialysis - an expensive treatment for kidney disease that involves cleaning the blood (See Wikipedia)
kidney disease - (See Wikipedia)
contract kidney disease

surgery - medical treatment in which a doctor cuts open someone's body การทำศัลยกรรม  การผ่าตัด (See Wikipedia)
kidney surgery
transplant surgeries

operation - Same as "surgery"
kidney transplant operations

donate (verb) - to give something you have to other people who need it (without receiving money) บริจาค
donation (noun) - การบริจาค, สิ่งของที่บริจาค

donor - a person who makes a donation to another person ผู้บริจาค, ผู้ให้
kidney donors
kidneys donated by accident victims

the donors of kidneys
the donors and recipients of kidneys

recipients - people who receive something ผู้รับ
recipients of kidneys

annually - happening every year ทุกๆปีด
only 200 kidney's are donated by accident victims annually

attract - allure, charm, appeal to ดึงดูดความสนใจ
attract donors
the hospital is having difficulty attracting donors

appeals - qualities that makes people want or like something
hospital appeals for more kidney donors

shortage - when there is not enough of something การขาดแคลน
face shortage -
to have a shortage

await -
waiting for something รอ, รอคอย
await transplant

Nation faces shortage as 4,000 await transplants

running short - to have a shortage, close or near to "running out"
critically - โดยเป็นช่วงอันตราย, ฉกรรจ์

running critically short of
the country is running critically short of kidney donors

suffer - experiencing pain and unpleasant situation การได้รับความเจ็บปวด
suffer from chronic kidney disease
there are only about 400 kidneys available for transplant procedures each year

specialist - ผู้เชี่ยวชาญพิเศษ
transplant specialists - doctors who know a lot about tranplants

aggravated - made worse
the shortage is aggravated by ... - the shortage is made worse by ...

annual - happening once a year ประจำปี
the shortage is aggravated by an annual average increase of 14,000 new kidney disease sufferers

condition - state or how things are working สภาพ, สภาวะ, ภาวะ
in good condition - when things are working well
....more than 10,000 people whose kidneys are in good condition die every year from accidents or brain injuries

relatives - people in your family (extended family, not just nuclear family of father, mother and kids) คหมู่ญาติ, กลุ่มคนในวงศ์วานที่ยังนับรู้กันได้ทางเชื้อสายฝ่ายพ่อหรือฝ่ายแม่
relatives of patients

healthy relatives of patients
most kidney transplants come from healthy relatives of patients

charge - the money that has to be paid to get some good or service
free of charge - free (don't have to pay money for good or service)
provided free of charge

scheme - a plan that is developed by a government or large organisation in order to provide a particular service for people แผนการ โครงการ
social security scheme - the government program to take care of workers with some problem (health, disability, retirement, early death)

subscribers - people who are part of a program or system, participating in the program (participants)
subscribers of the social security scheme

insurance - a system that pays money to help people harmed by bad event (See Wikipedia) การประกันภัย
health insurance

universal - involving everyone ทั่วไป
universal health insurance scheme

the gold card universal health insurance scheme

state - government รัฐ
state official

welfare - 1. help given, especially by the state or an organization, to people who need it; good care and living conditions สวัสดิภาพ; 2. living in good conditions (with health, wealth, and happiness)
welfare programme

the state officials' welfare programme

schemes - systems for achieving some goal
health insurance schemes

portion -
one part of a whole thing ส่วน
some portions - บางส่วน
a portion
- ส่วนหนึ่ง
a portion of the population - ส่วนแบ่งของประชากร

 share, part, serving
portion   

population - all the people living in a place (one country, area or place) ประชากร


large portions of the population

the health insurance schemes cover large portions of the population

suffering - physical or mental pain or problems ความทุกข์ทรมาน
diabetes - a serious medical conditi
on in which your body does not produce enough insulin to reduce the amount of sugar in the blood โรคเบาหวาน  (See Wikipedia)
hypertension - high blood pressure ความดันโลหิตสูง
suffering from other chronic illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension.

tend to - to be likely to behave in a particular way or have a particular characteristic มักจะ
contribute - to make a regular payment
a lot of Thais tend to eat salty food  which can contribute to kidney disease

fine - very good
in fine health

kidney functions - the things that kidneys do, the work they perform in the body (to keep a person living, to sustain life)
deteriorating - falling apart slowly (movings towards failure)
kidney functions deteriorating

his kidney functions were deteriorating quickly...

defect - something that is not right, not correct about something (the way it is put together and functions); a flaw, deficiency, inadequacy, weakness ข้อบกพร่อง
kidney defect

born with a kidney defect
the boy was born with a kidney defect

immunosuppression - stopping (inhibiting, prevent) the activity of the immune system (which protects the body from infection and disease)
immunosuppression medicine - immunosuppressive drugs, immunosuppressive agents, "drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system. They are used in immunosuppressive therapy to prevent the rejection of transplanted organs and tissues (bone marrow, heart, kidney, liver) (See Wikipedia)

reject organ - transplant rejection, "occurs when transplanted tissue is rejected by the recipient's immune system, which destroys the transplanted tissue. Transplant rejection can be lessened by determining the molecular similitude between donor and recipient and by use of immunosuppressant drugs after transplant" (See Wikipedia)
prevent the body from rejecting the organ

after surgery the boy was given immunosuppression medicine to prevent the body from rejecting the organ

physically strong - when the muscles in the body can lift or move heavy things  แข็งแรง, มีกำลัง, มีพลัง
put on some weight - gain weight, weigh more น้ำหนักเพิ่ม, น้ำหนักเพิ่มขึ้น
since the operation her son is physically strong and has managed to put on some of the weight he lost due to illness

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