Childhood disorder hurts schoolwork & adult life | Bangkok Post: learning

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Childhood disorder hurts schoolwork & adult life

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Children with ADHD find it difficult to finish schoolwork & cause problems in classroom with other students. Parents don't know their child has disorder. 

Children with ADHD tend to get distracted from schoolwork rather easily, and they often behave disruptively.



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Local News

Children with ADHD 'going undiagnosed'

About 310,000 students suffering from disorder
11/12/2012
Post Reporters

About 310,000 of the country's primary school students suffer from attention deficit and/or hyperactivity, the Public Health Ministry says.

The number accounts for about 6.5% of the roughly 5 million children nationwide who are studying at primary school level.

...the situation is of serious concern, particularly because most parents are unaware of the condition known as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and so the disorder may be going undiagnosed.

... ADHD was more common amongst boys, and can lead to poor concentration and impulsive behaviour...

...A study has indicated that there is a higher risk of hyperactivity in children whose mothers drank alcohol and smoked during pregnancy...

If left untreated, the condition will interfere with a child's academic performance and social interaction...

A lack of public awareness on how to deal with the disorder can also expose sufferers to violence as their caregivers become frustrated...

...two-thirds of hyperactive children continue to demonstrate symptoms as they enter adulthood. One in every 10 of those was also found to have substance abuse problems.

...the Mental Health Department [has been assigned] to step up an ADHD awareness campaign to encourage parents of children with short attention spans to seek professional help.

... ADHD can be be kept under control through effective treatment.

... the condition usually appears before the age of seven. Three significant symptoms are a short concentration span, a lack of self restraint, and limitless energy.

...parents with hyperactive children are encouraged to seek help to learn about techniques to handle their child's behaviour.

... corporal punishment must be avoided because it can encourage aggressiveness...

(Source: Bangkok Post, Children with ADHD 'going undiagnosed', About 310,000 students suffering from disorder, 11/12/2012, Post Reporters, link


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Vocabulary

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - a medical condition with a person suffering from difficulties of inattention or hyperactivity and impulsiveness, disruptive behaviour and academic difficulties are also common ...symptoms emerge before seven years of age and the condition "impacts school-aged children and results in restlessness, acting impulsively, and lack of focus which impairs their ability to learn properly. It is the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder in children, affecting about 3 to 5 percent of children globally and diagnosed in about 2 to 16 percent of school-aged children. It is a chronic disorder with 30 to 50 percent of those individuals diagnosed in childhood continuing to have symptoms into adulthood. ... It is estimated that 4.7 percent of American adults live with ADHD... ADHD is diagnosed two to four times more frequently in boys than in girls" (See Wikipedia and CDC fact page)

hyperactivity
(noun) - ลักษณะอยู่ไม่นิ่ง, ภาวะทำงานมากเกิน, กัมมันตภาพเกิน(See Wikipedia)
hyperactive (adjective) ซึ่งกระทำมากเกินไป
hyperactive children

attention - the process of giving your thoughts and interest to something (such as a book you are reading or a pretty girl walking past the window) ความตั้งใจ ความใส่ใจ

concentration - the process of giving all your attention to something; paying attention, focus ตั้งสมาธิ, รวบรวมใจให้มั่นเพื่อจะทำงาน; ใส่ใจ, จดจ่อ, มีใจฝักใฝ่ผูกพันอยู่
inattention - not concentrating, not giving all your attention to something

deficit
- not having enough of something
attention deficit - not having enough attention (to do what you need to do)

span - the amount of time that something lasts ช่วงเวลา
attention span - the period of time that a person can concentrate on and hold their attention on a task (do one thing without getting distracted by other things)

short attention spans - unable to do one task for a long time
children with short attention spans
short concentration span - Same as above

concentration
poor concentration - not able to concentrate well (not able to do one thing without other things distract you and pulling you away from task you must finish)
can lead to poor concentration

impulsive (adjective) - showing behavior in which you do things suddenly without any planning and without considering the effects they may have หุนหันพลันแล่น
impulsive behaviour
impulsiveness
(noun)

disrupt
(verb) - when someone does something to to stop something from happening;  interrupt ทำให้เสียระบบ, ทำให้แตกแยก, ทำให้ยุ่งเหยิง,  ทำให้ยุ่งยาก
disruption (noun)

disruptive
(adjective)
disruptive behaviour

academic -
related to school, studying and learning
academic difficulties


condition -
 สภาวะ
medical condition ความเจ็บป่วย,  สุขภาพ

the medical condition known as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

suffer - have physical or mental pain or problems ความทุกข์ทรมาน
disorder - a disease
about 310,000 students suffer from the disorder

primary - the first
primary school - the first school school that children go to (after kindergarden and preschool) 
primary school students

about 310,000 of the country's primary school students suffer from attention deficit and/or attention deficit

diagnose - when a doctor finds out what medical problem a person has (by looking at their body, doing tests and asking questions) 
undiagnosed - when a person has a medical problem (but a doctor has not discovered the problem yet)
going undiagnosed

Children with ADHD 'going undiagnosed'
the disorder may be going undiagnosed

X accounts for Y% of Z - X is Y% of Z

roughly - around, about, approximately (not the exact amount)
nationwide - throughout a whole country ทั่วทั้งประเทศ ทั่วประเทศ
roughly 5 million children nationwide

the number accounts for about 6.5% of the roughly 5 million children nationwide who are studying at primary school level

concern - a worry ความกังวล
of serious concern
...the situation is of serious concern

unaware - not knowing about ... ; not understanding or realising something ซึ่งไม่รู้ตัวมาก่อน
particularly because most parents are unaware of the medical condition

common - seen often, happens often or frequently; happening everyday, usual, commonplace ที่เกิดขึ้นทุกวัน
more common amongst
ADHD was more common amongst boys

... ADHD was more common amongst boys, and can lead to poor concentration and impulsive behaviour...

risk - danger, how likely or possible it is for a bad event that causes harm and damage ความเสี่ยง
a higher risk of hyperactivity

pregnancy - when a baby is growing inside a woman
mothers who drank alcohol and smoked during pregnancy

...a study has indicated that there is a higher risk of hyperactivity in children whose mothers drank alcohol and smoked during pregnancy...

left -
left without..., did not have something (at the end of a series of events)
left untreated - not doing anything to treat or cure the disease (to return the person to good health)

academic - someone who teaches at a college, or who studies as part of their job นักวิชาการ
performance - how well or badly something works (or whether an investment provides a reasonable return)
academic performance - how well a person does in school; getting good grades in school

social interaction - when people do activities together (so that their actions affect each other)

interfere - change something in a bad way การจงใจแทรกแซง
interfere with a child's academic performance

if left untreated, the condition will interfere with a child's academic performance and social interaction...

lack - does not have ขาดแคลน
awareness - the state of knowing about something การรับรู้, การทราบ
a lack of public awareness - people do not know about this
lack of public awareness on how to deal with the disorder

expose - put or leave someone in a dangerous situation (something bad can happen to them)
violence - physical force with the deliberate intention of causing damage to property or injury or death to people ความรุนแรง
expose to violence

caregiver - ผู้ดูแล, ผู้ที่ดูแลคนป่วยหรือคนแก่ที่บ้าน

frustrated - want something but cannot get it; feeling annoyed and impatient because you are prevented from achieving something ผิดหวัง,ท้อแท้ใจมาก, หงุดหงิดใจ
expose sufferers to violence as their caregivers become frustrated...

demonstrate - to show something สาธิต
demonstrate symptoms
continue to demonstrate symptoms as they enter adulthood

substance - a chemical
abuse - doing something you are not supposed to do; treat someone or something wrongly or badly ใช้ในทางที่ผิด
substance abuse - drug and alcohol abuse and addiction (having bad effect on beahaviour and life and cannot stop taking them)
 

...two-thirds of hyperactive children continue to demonstrate symptoms as they enter adulthood. One in every 10 of those was also found to have substance abuse problems.

campaign - a series of actions intended to produce political or social change การรณรงค์, การกระทำการหรือวางแผนเพื่อให้บรรลุตามเป้าหมาย
ADHD awareness campaign

seek professional help - to go to a person specially trained to solve a certain problem and get their help 

encourage - make people interested in and excited about doing an activity ปลุกใจ
encourage parents  to seek professional help

...the Mental Health Department [has been assigned] to step up an ADHD awareness campaign to encourage parents of children with short attention spans to seek professional help.

effective - works well, gets the job done; producing the result that was intended ได้ผลดี
treatment - the process of providing medical care การรักษา
... ADHD can be be kept under control through effective treatment.

significant - important สำคัญ large enough to be important or have an effect ที่สำคัญยิ่ง
significant symptoms

restraint - something that prevents action (here spending money, consumption)
lack of self restraint

energy -
when people are not tired and have to power to do things with their body (lift heavy weights, run long distances) กำลังกาย
limitless energy - no end to the energy that a person has to do things (never run out of energy and get tired)

... the condition usually appears before the age of seven. Three significant symptoms are a short concentration span, a lack of self restraint, and limitless energy

techniques - methods of doing a task or activity เทคนิค
techniques to handle ...
techniques to handle their child's behaviour.

encouraged - having more confidence or hope about something มีกำลังใจ
encourage aggressiveness
encourage to seek help

...parents with hyperactive children are encouraged to seek help to learn about techniques to handle their child's behaviour.

corporal punishment - punishing by hitting someone (for something bad they did like breaking a rule) การลงโทษทางร่างกาย
 
corporal punishment must be avoided because it can encourage aggressiveness

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