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China gets connected

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8 hour high speed rail link now connects the capital Beijing to China's most important southern city Guangzhou. 

A high-speed train departs a platform in Hebei province, south of Beijing, on December 22, 2012 (AFP/File, Ed Jones)

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Breakingnews

World's longest high-speed rail opens

26/12/2012
AFP News agency
Agence France-Presse

China started service on Wednesday on the world's longest high-speed rail route, the latest milestone in the country's rapid and -- sometimes troubled -- super fast rail network.

The opening of the new 2,298-kilometre (1,425-mile) line between Beijing and Guangzhou means passengers will be whisked from the capital to the southern commercial hub in just eight hours, compared with the 22 hours previously required...

Trains will travel at an average speed of 300 kilometres per hour over the line, which includes 35 stops in major cities...

State media have reported that December 26 was chosen to start passenger service on the Beijing-Guangzhou line to commemorate the birth in 1893 of revered Chinese leader Mao Zedong...

China's high-speed rail network was established in 2007, but has fast become the world's largest with 8,358 kilometres of track at the end of 2010. That is expected to almost double to 16,000 kilometres by 2020.

The network, however, has been plagued by graft and safety scandals, most notably a deadly bullet train collision in July 2011 that killed 40 people and sparked a public outrage.

The accident was China's worst rail disaster since 2008 and caused a torrent of criticism aimed at the government amid accusations that authorities compromised safety in their rush to expand the network

Authorities said they have taken steps ahead of the new line's opening to improve maintenance and inspection ...

Still, safety concerns remain...

The train's opening means that it will be in service over China's Lunar New Year holiday period, which falls in mid-February next year

Hundreds of millions of people travel across the country during that period to visit their ancestral hometowns in the world's largest annual migration

(Source: Bangkok Post, Breakingnews, World's longest high-speed rail opens, 26/12/2012, AFP News agency, Agence France-Presse, link)

 
China High Speed Rail Vocabulary

rail transport - a way of sending passengers and goods by way of wheeled vehicles running on rail tracks รถไฟ, รถที่พ่วงกันเป็นขบวนยาว ขับเคลื่อนโดยมีหัวรถจักรลากให้แล่นไปตามรางเหล็ก (See Wikipedia)

high speed rail - trains that a lot faster than the usual train, the fastest are now about 300 km/h  (See Wikipedia)
high speed rail in China - (See Wikipedia)

route - the way that planes, buses, trains, or ships travel regularly เส้นทางของรถ เรือ เครื่องบิน,etc.
rail route

high-speed rail route
the world's longest high-speed rail route

started service -  เปิดบริการ
China started service on Wednesday on the world's longest high-speed rail route

milestone - an important event in the history or development of something เหตุการณ์สำคัญ เหตุการณ์สำคัญ (ที่ควรบันทึกไว้) ความสำเร็จอันยิ่งใหญ่
the latest milestone in ... - the most recent important event in ...

network - a large system of connected parts, organisations, people, etc. เครือข่าย
rail network - large system of connected railway tracks with regular rail service
super fast rail network

rapid - very fast  อย่างรวดเร็ว
troubled - has problems

the latest milestone in the country's rapid and -- sometimes troubled -- super fast rail network.

line - rail line, a connection between two places ny train and railway tracks
the line between Beijing and Guangzhou

commercial - for business purposes
hub - the central or main part of something where there is most activity จุดศูนย์กลาง
commercial hub - a center for business 

the opening of the new 2,298-kilometre (1,425-mile) line between Beijing and Guangzhou means

whisked - moved quickly from one place to another place
capital - the city that is the center of government in a country เมืองหลวง
whisked from the capital to the southern commercial hub

passengers will be whisked from the capital to the southern commercial hub in just eight hours, compared with the 22 hours previously required...

media - radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group สื่อ
state media - TV stations and newspapers operated by the government

Mao Zedong - the revolutionary leader who built the foundations of modern China (See Wikipedia)

commemorate - to remember officially and give respect to a great person or event, especially by a public ceremony or by making a statue or special building ฉลอง (เพื่อเป็นการระลึกถึง) การระลึกถึง
commemorate the birth in 1893 of revered Chinese leader Mao Zedong...

state media have reported that December 26 was chosen to start passenger service on the Beijing-Guangzhou line to commemorate the birth in 1893 of revered Chinese leader Mao Zedong...

established - created
China's high-speed rail network was established in 2007

expected - believe will happen คาดว่า (จะเกิดขึ้น)
double - to become twice as big, twice as much or twice as many เพิ่มเป็นสองเท่า
expected to almost double to 16,000 kilometres by 2020 

China's high-speed rail network was established in 2007, but has fast become the world's largest with 8,358 kilometres of track at the end of 2010. That is expected to almost double to 16,000 kilometres by 2020.

plagued - caused a lot of problems for someone or something for a long period of time ทำให้ยุ่งยาก ลำบากมานาน
graft - corruption; using political power and authority to get money illegally (take bribes) การฉ้อโกง การช่อโกง
plagued by graft

scandal
- when people in important positions in government and business behave in a bad way that shocks people เรื่องฉาวโฉ่
safety scandals

bullet - a small, metal object that is shot from a gun กระสุนปืน
bullet train - a very fast train (like those found in Japan and Europe)

collision - two or more objects hitting each other การชนกัน การชนประสานงา
bullet train collision - when a fast train hits something (an accident causing damage and injury)

outrage - to cause to become extremely angry ทำให้โกรธแค้น
sparked a public outrage

The network, however, has been plagued by graft and safety scandals, most notably a deadly bullet train collision in July 2011 that killed 40 people and sparked a public outrage.

disaster - something very bad that happens and causes a lot of damage or kills a lot of people ความหายนะ ภัยพิบัติ
rail disaster - when a train crashes and people are injured or killed
China's worst rail disaster since 2008

torrent - a large amount of something coming out of a place (example: a torrent of water passed along the river after the heavy rains)
criticism -
talking about the problems and faults something has
torrent of criticism

a torrent of criticism aimed at the government

rush
- to move or do something very quickly รีบเร่ง, วิ่ง
expand - to become larger ขายตัวออกไป
rush to expand the network

compromised - do something that could make something fail (example, the actions of the police officer compromised the investigation)
compromised safety - not make something as safe as it should be (not take all "safety measures" or "safety precautions" needed)

authorities - government officials; the police or people in official organisations who have the legal power to make people obey laws or rules เจ้าหน้าที่ (ตำรวจ หรือผู้มีอำนาจ)
authorities compromised safety

accusations - bad things that others say that you have done (but not yet proven)
accusations that authorities compromised safety in their rush to expand the network

The accident was China's worst rail disaster since 2008 and caused a torrent of criticism aimed at the government amid accusations that authorities compromised safety in their rush to expand the network

maintenance - work that is done to keep something such as a building, machine, or piece of equipment repaired and in good condition การซ่อมบำรุง
inspection - the act of looking closely at something or someone and to check that everything is as it should be; examination การตรวจสอบอย่างละเอียด

improve - to make better ทำให้ดีขึ้น
improve maintenance and inspection

take steps -
take action to solve problem 
taken steps to improve maintenance and inspection

Authorities said they have taken steps ahead of the new line's opening to improve maintenance and inspection ...

concerns - worries; things that people are worried about ความกังวล
safety concerns
Still, safety concerns remain...

China's Lunar New Year - Chinese New Years (See Wikipedia)
China's Lunar New Year holiday period
The train's opening means that it will be in service over China's Lunar New Year holiday period, which falls in mid-February next year

ancestor
(noun) - a person in your family who lived a long time ago (a person related to you who lived in the past) บรรพบุรุษ
ancestral (adjective)
ancestral hometowns - the town where your family comes from (most likely a farming town in the country because in the past most people were farmers)

annual - happening once a year ประจำปี
migration - moving from one place to another place to live or work การอพยพ

annual migration - many people moving from one place to another every year
the world's largest annual migration

hundreds of millions of people travel across the country during that period to visit their ancestral hometowns in the world's largest annual migration

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