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Rice research: Thai rice comes out on top

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Thai jasmine rice has lowest amount of poisonous arsenic of any rice in the world, University of California research finds. 

Close-up of grains of uncooked jasmine rice.

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Local News

Thai rice 'has lowest arsenic'

15 Jan 2013

Research by the University of California into fears and claims of arsenic in rice said Tuesday that the world famous Thai khao hom mali had the least amount of the naturally produced poison of any grain in the world.

The study, publicised online Tuesday in a press release, also failed to reach any conclusion about the dangers of arsenic in rice.

But for those who are worried, it appears that "jasmine rice from Thailand, had the least arsenic," along with basmatic strains imported into the US from India and Pakistan.

The university's Wellness Letter noted that arsenic in food is widespread, including in fruit juices and fresh fruit from throughout the United States.

Recent studies into rice, targeted by many food activists for alleged arsenic content, found that "White rice from Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and Texas (where most U.S. rice comes from) had more total and inorganic arsenic than rice grown elsewhere (including California, India, and Thailand)," the research showed.

In addition, so-called healthy rice, particularly brown rice, had far higher levels of arsenic than white rice - and "organic" products are the most poisonous of all.

"Avoid brown rice syrup and foods made with it, many of which are 'junk food' anyway," the university's letter concluded, "even if they are 'organic' or come from a health-food store."

Scare stories about arsenic in rice re-emerged last year, motivating scientists and researchers to look more deeply into the subject. So far, no evidence has emerged of any danger from the naturally produced arsenic in rice.

Neither the Thai nor the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has made any recommendation or regulations about naturally occurring arsenic in rice. 

The USA Rice Federation, which represents thousands of rice farmers, maintains that rice is safe and nutritious and that, "there is not sufficient data about arsenic levels in rice or potential risk to human health on which to base any recommendations to lower consumption or stop eating rice."

The well-read US publication Consumer Reports recommended last year that adults should consume no more than two to three servings of rice a week, but provided no evidence that more consumption - including daily consumption - is harmful.

(Source: Bangkok Post,  Local News, Thai rice 'has lowest arsenic', 15 Jan 2013, link


Rice Nutrition Vocabulary

arsenic - a chemical element that is well-known as a poison สารหนู (See Wikipedia)
arsenic poisoning in food -
(See Wikipedia)

toxic
(adjective)
toxicity
(noun)
arsenic toxicity -
(See Wikipedia)

Thai khao hom mali -
Jasmine rice ข้าวหอมมะลิ (See Wikipedia)

claims
- to say something is true without proving it completely
claims of arsenic in rice

Thai rice 'has lowest arsenic'
Research by the University of California into fears and claims of arsenic in rice

poison (noun) - a chemical that will kill you or at least harm you  พิษ (See Wikipedia)
naturally produced poison

poisonous (adjective) -  ซึ่งเป็นพิษ
the most poisonous

grain
- a crop like rice or wheat; the seed from cereal crops such as rice, wheat, or corn เมล็ดพืช

the world famous Thai khao hom mali had the least amount of the naturally produced poison of any grain in the world

publicised
- information made widely available to many people
online - on the internet
publicised online

press - newspapers and magazines, and those parts of television and radio which broadcast news, or reporters and photographers who work for them สื่อมวลชน
release - to allow something to be shown or known to the public or to be available for use เปิดเผย, ปล่อยข่าว

press
release - information that a company or organization makes available to the public
publicised online in a press release

conclusion - something that you decide is true after consider all the evidence and thinking about it carefully การสรุป,บทสรุป
failed to reach any conclusion
failed to reach any conclusion about the dangers of arsenic in rice

strain - different kinds of plants (the result of plant breeding) (See Wikipedia)
plant breeding -
the science of making new improved plants by combining existing plant breeds (See Wikipedia)

basmati rice - a variety of rice grown in India and popular there (See Wikipedia)
basmatic strains of rice
basmatic strains imported into the US from India and Pakistan.

widespread - happening or existing in many places, or affecting many people อย่างแพร่หลาย
arsenic in food is widespread throughout the United States.

alleged - claimed to be true although not yet proven ที่ถูกกล่าวหา
content - 1. the percentage or amount of some ingredient or substance in a product; 2. the parts of a good
alleged arsenic content

activist -  people who work to promote social, political, economic or environmental change (through protests, the media and other events and writings) นักกิจกรรม, นักทำกิจกรรม (See Wikipedia)

food activists - people who work to spread knowledge about dangers in food and other issues, a type of consumer activist
food activists for alleged arsenic content

consumer activism - activism  done to help consumers, to assert consumer rights (See Wikipedia)
consumer activist - a person who does consumer activism

targeted - aimed at a particular person or group that you oppose ตกเป็นเป้า intended to attack someone or something ตั้งเป้า เล็ง มุ่ง
rice, targeted by many food activists for alleged arsenic content,

so-called ... - people call it this, but may not be true ....
so-called healthy rice

organic -
1. organic food, food that is grown without chemicals such as fertilizers to increase growth or pesticides to kill insects or herbicides to kill weeds; 2. chemicals that occur naturally in living things (See Wikipedia)
inorganic - not organic

organic products
organic products
are the most poisonous of all

syrup -  a thick liquid that pours and moves slowly น้ำเชื่อม
brown rice syrup
avoid brown rice syrup

concluded - ended
the university's letter concluded

emerged - appeared; come into being ปรากฏออกมา
re-emerged - appeared again
scare stories about arsenic in rice re-emerged last year

motivating - creating a desire to do something
motivating scientists and researchers to look more deeply into the subject

evidence - information that shows and proves something to be true หลักฐาน
evidence emerged
no evidence has emerged
So far, no evidence has emerged of any danger from the naturally produced arsenic in rice.

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - the government agency in the US that works for food safety (See Wikipedia)

recommendation - a suggestion or piece of advice about how to solve a problem, deal with a situation คำแนะนำ หรือข้อเสนอแนะ
regulations - rules made by the government to control how some activity is done กฎระเบียบ

Neither the Thai nor the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has made any recommendation or regulations about naturally occurring arsenic in rice.

maintains that - believes and says that ... 
nutritious - food that is healthy and good for your body and mind

the organization maintains that rice is safe and nutritious

sufficient - enough พอเพียง
data - facts or information used for making calculations or decisions ข้อมูล
sufficient data - having enough data to do something

potential - possible; might happen in the future ความเป็นไปได้
risk - a danger, the possibility that something dangerous or unpleasant might happen ความเสี่ยง
potential risk - something dangerous that might cause harm or problems in the future

consumption - using, eating or drinking something การบริโภค
there is not sufficient data to lower consumption

there is not sufficient data on which to base any recommendations

there is not sufficient data about arsenic levels in rice or potential risk to human health on which to base any recommendations to lower consumption or stop eating rice

consume - to use, eat or drink a supply of something ใช้จนหมดไป

The well-read US publication Consumer Reports recommended last year that adults should consume no more than two to three servings of rice a week, but provided no evidence that more consumption - including daily consumption - is harmful.

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