Troop withdrawal from Preah Viharn area | Bangkok Post: learning

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Police to replace troops on Cambodian border

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Thailand and Cambodia have agreed to replace border troops with police ahead of the International Court of Justice’s (ICJ) oral hearings on the two countries’ territorial dispute. 

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Defence Minister Sukumpol Suwanatat (3rd right) discusses the border dispute with his Cambodian counterpart Gen Tea Banh (centre) at the Preah Vihear temple. WASSANA NANUAM


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Sukumpol, Tea Banh agree on troop move

Wassana Nanuam

Thailand and Cambodia have agreed to replace border troops with police ahead of the International Court of Justice’s (ICJ) oral hearings on the two countries’ territorial dispute.

Defence Minister Sukumpol Suwanatat yesterday said he reached the agreement with his Cambodian counterpart Tea Banh during a visit to the Preah Vihear temple, at the centre of the dispute involving 4.6 sq km of border land.

ACM Sukumpol said the bilateral redeployment shows the ICJ that both countries can handle the conflict in an amicable fashion.

Gen Tea Banh said Cambodia will replace troops with border patrol police and will keep Thailand informed.

He said it will probably happen before the ICJ’s oral hearings, which are scheduled for April 15-19.

‘‘Both of us agreed to mutual redeployment,’’ ACM Sukumpol said.

Gen Tea Banh said it is hard to say how the ICJ might rule when it decides on its reinterpretation of its 1962 judgement that the temple belongs to Cambodia.

However, he said he believed the ruling would be respected and did not expect any fighting to erupt if the court was to tell Thailand to withdraw from the disputed area.

Gen Tea Banh and ACM Sukumpol perform at religious rite at Preah Viharn.

ACM Sukumpol was accompanied by defence permanent secretary Gen Thanongsak Apirakyothin, army chief of staff Gen Udomdej Sitabutra and 2nd Army Region chief Lt Gen Jirasak Chomprasop.

The defence minister’s delegation visited border patrol police near Pha Mor E-Daeng on Thai soil before moving on to Cambodian territory, where they were greeted at Preah Vihear by Cambodian Deputy Defence Minister Nieng Pad.

Gen Tea Banh welcomed the Thai contingent at the temple.

About 80 Thai army officers were there ahead of the defence minister’s delegation.

‘‘This meeting shows the ICJ that Thailand and Cambodia are able to talk together to solve any dispute,’’ ACM Sukumpol said.

‘‘Thailand insists that problems can be solved with peace talks.’’

He added: ‘‘Initially, I wanted to invite [the Cambodian delegation] to Surin, but the arrangements didn’t go well, so here I am.’’

Democrat Party leader Abhisit Vejjajiva yesterday warned the government to take care not to commit any act that Cambodia could use to substantiate its claim over the disputed area at the border.

The opposition leader said he was not opposed to talks with Cambodia, but the government must consider the format, venue and content of any meetings carefully so the discussions do not end up compromising the national interest.

When reaching its 1962 verdict, the ICJ cited the visit of Prince of Siam Damrong Rajanubhab to the temple in 1930, where he was officially received by the French Resident for Preah Vihear province.

Cambodia was under French rule at the time.

The court said the prince and the Siamese delegation made no claim to the temple during the visit, which was a major factor in the 1962 ruling.

border – the official line separating two areas, regions or countries  เขตแดน อาณาเขต
dispute – a serious disagreement ข้อพิพาท
counterpart – someone who has the same job or purpose as another person or thing, but in a different country, time, situation, or organisation  ผู้ที่ทำงานประเภทเดียวกัน; ผู้ที่อยู่ในตำแหน่งเสมอกัน
troop – of soldiers, especially in large numbers กองทหาร
replace – to put something new in place of something old  นำสิ่งใหม่มาใช้แทน
oral – spoken rather than written ที่ใช้การพูด
territorial dispute – a disagreement over who owns a particular area of land or sea
bilateral – involving two groups or countries สองข้าง, เกี่ยวกับกลุ่มทางการเมืองสองกลุ่ม
redeployment – moving somebody/something to a new position or job การวางกำลังใหม่
conflict – an angry disagreement between people or groups ความขัดแย้ง
amicable – done or achieved in a polite or friendly way and without arguing เป็นมิตร, เป็นกันเอง
fashion – a way of doing something แบบ
border patrol police – the part of the police force that is responsible for border security ตำรวจตระเวณชายแดน
scheduled – planned to happen at a particular time or day ตามตารางเวลา
mutual – felt or done in the same way by each of two or more people ร่วมกัน
rule – (of a court or other group with similar authority) to make and announce a decision ตัดสิน, พิพากษา, ชี้ขาด
reinterpretation – to revise a previous explanation of the meaning or importance of something การตีความใหม่
judgement – the decision of a court or a judge พิพากษา
respect – to accept the importance of someone's rights or customs เคารพ
erupt – to start suddenly ปะทุขึ้น
withdraw – to move out or back ถอนตัวจาก
accompany – to go with someone ไปกับ,ไปด้วยกัน,ไปเป็นเพื่อน
permanent secretary – a government official, not a political appointee, in charge of a ministry ปลัดกระทรวง
chief of staff – the most senior officer in the army, navy, or air force  เสนาธิการ
delegation – a group of people chosen or elected by a group to represent them คณะผู้แทน, คณะบุคคลที่เป็นตัวแทนของคนกลุ่มใหญ่
soil – land owned by a country พื้นดิน
deputy – a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation รอง
contingent – a group of people who have something in common คณะ
solve –  to successfully deal with a problem or difficult situation  แก้ปัญหา
insist – to keep saying very firmly that something is true ยืนกราน ยืนยัน
initially – at first ในเบื้องต้น
arrangement – a plan or preparation that you make so that something can happen; an agreement that you make with somebody that you can both accept  การจัดการ, ข้อตกลง
warn – to make someone aware of a possible problem or danger เตือน
substantiate – to show something to be true, or to support a claim with facts พิสูจน์, ยืนยัน
claim – saying that you have the right to have or own something, especially land or property การอ้างสิทธิ
opposition – of a political party that is not part of the government ฝ่ายค้าน 
oppose – to disagree with or not approve of a plan or policy คัดค้าน
consider – to give careful thought to something before making a decision พิจารณา
format – the arrangement, design or organisation of something รูปแบบ
venue – a place where a public event or meeting takes place สถานที่ชุมนุม
content – the subject, ideas, etc. เนื้อหา, สาระ
compromise – to risk harming or losing something important; to reduce in quality, value, or degree; to weaken or lower ยอมอ่อนข้อ
interest – an advantage or benefit to someone or something ผลประโยชน์
verdict – a decision by a court of law คำพิพากษา
cite – to mention something as an example กล่าวถึง
factor – a fact or situation which influences the result of something ปัจจัย

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