High speed rail coming to Laos | Bangkok Post: learning

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High speed rail coming to Laos

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Paying for high speed rail through Laos to China will take 80% of the Laos national budget but China govt banks will help with loans. 

The China Railways CRH5, a model of high-speed electric train used in China with design based on Italian train, can travel from 200 to 250 kilometers per hour.

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TRANSPORTATION

No obstacle" to Lao-China rail link

11 Apr 2013
DPA

Map of the route that high speed trains will take through Laos from Thailand to China.

There are "no obstacles" to Laos' planned high-speed rail link from China, the country's transport minister was quoted as saying Thursday, days after the Asian Development Bank called the project "unaffordable" for the developing country.

"Construction on the seven billion dollar, 421 kilometre, Chinese-Lao railway "would begin shortly after all parties had reached an agreement and all preparations were complete," the Vientiane Times quoted Minister of Public Works and Transport Sommath Pholsena as saying.

The ADB called for caution, noting the cost was 80% of Laos' annual national budget...

Laos is to finance the scheme with a loan from China's EXIM Bank of China.

The planned railway would run from Luang Namtha on the Laos-China border to Vientiane, with a standard-gauge track of 1.435 metres, and a maximum speed of 160 kilometres per hour (kph), less than the 200 kph initially planned.

The line will require 76 tunnels and 154 bridges, including two across the Mekong River, and 31 stations.

(Source: Bangkok Post, TRANSPORTATION, No obstacle" to Lao-China rail link, 11 Apr 2013, DPA, link)

 
Railway Construction Vocabulary

high speed train - a type rail line that operates much faster up to 300 km/h (185 mph), operating in countries Japan, China, France, Germany, Italy, ROC (Taiwan), Turkey, South Korea and Spain (See Wikipedia)

China Railway High-speed (CRH) -
the high speed rail service operated by the Chinese government (See Wikipedia)

China Railways CRH5 -
a model of high-speed electric train used in China with design based on Italian train, can travel from 200 to 250 kilometers per hour (See Wikipedia)

rail line - a track with rails on which trains run; a system of tracks, together with the trains that run on them เส้นทางของรถไฟ, ระบบทางรถไฟ, รางรถไฟ
railway - Same as "rail line"

rail tracks - the long metal pieces that a train travels over on a railway รางรถไฟ (See Wikipedia)
track gauge - rail spacing; the spacing between the two rails of a railway track (See Wikipedia)
standard-gauge track - the rail spacing used for 60% of the world's railways and almost all high-speed rail lines (See Wikipedia)

link - to connect เชื่อม
rail link - a rail line that connects two places (goods and passengers can be sent between the two places)
high-speed rail link


tunnel -
an underground passage through which vehicles travel อุโมงค์

bridge
- a road or railway or walkway that goes over a river or another road สะพาน
train station -
a place where a train stops and passengers and goods leave and enter the train สถานีรถไฟฟ้า

EXIM Bank of China - the Export-Import Bank of China , "one of three government banks in China used to promote government policies in industry, foreign trade, diplomacy, economy, and provide policy financial support so as to promote the export of Chinese products and services. Established in 1994" (See Wikipedia)

Asian Development Bank - "a regional development bank established on 22 August 1966 to help with the economic development of countries in Asia.... ADB now has 67 members - of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside. ADB was modeled closely on the World Bank" (See Wikipedia)

journalist - a person with the job of gathering, writing and reporting the news in a newspaper, the TV or internet นักข่าว

obstacle - 1. a difficulty or problem that prevents you from achieving something, things that makes it difficult to go somewhere or do something; 2. an object that you must move or go around in order to move forward  อุปสรรค ขวากหนาม, สิ่งกีดขวาง

no obstacle to Lao-China rail link
there are "no obstacles" to Laos' planned  from China

transport
- to move people or things from one place to another ขนส่ง
public works - building large things such as roads, bridges or dams การโยธาสาธารณะ, การทำงานสาธารณะ, สิ่งก่อสร้าง (ถนนหนทาง,เขื่อนที่ทำการไปรษณีย์และอื่น ๆ) ที่เป็นสาธารณูปโภค

minister - a member of the cabinet, the group of government ministers who make and approve government policy รัฐมนตรี
Minister of Public Works and Transport
quote - to repeat the words that someone else has said or written ยกคำพูดมา
affordable -
not expensive ไม่แพง
unaffordable -
not affordable, expensive แพง
developing country - ประเทศที่กำลังพัฒนา  

parties - people or companies entering into a business arrangement, or agreement deal คู่กรณี
construction - the work of building or making something, especially buildings, bridges, etc. การก่อสร้าง
agreement - an arrangement or decision about something in the future made by two people or organizations ข้อตกลง, ข้อสัญญา
reach an agreement - make an agreement (after talking about the details and solving any problems)

preparations - การตระเตรียม , การเตรียม๒
complete - finish, finish successfully and achieve goals เสร็จ, จบ, เสร็จสิ้น
call for - เรียกหา, ถามหา
caution -  
ความระมัดระวัง

noting - mentioning something, telling people something
annual - happening once a year ประจำปี
national - for the whole country
budget - an amount of money able to be spent on something งบประมาณ

finance - to provide money for something จัดหาเงินทุนให้
scheme - a plan that is developed by a government or large organisation in order to provide a particular service for people แผนการ โครงการ
loan - an amount of money that a person, business or country borrows เงินกู้ 

border - the official line separating two areas, regions or countries เขตแดน อาณาเขต
maximum - the most possible ที่สูงสุด ที่มากที่สุด
initially - at the beginning; at first ในเบื้องต้น ในระยะต้น

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