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Songkran road accidents: Mostly motorcycles

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321 dead, 3,040 injured, 78.11% motorcycles, 21% no helmet, alcohol 39.11%, speeding 23.59%, 232,600 no helmet violations. 

Dangerous driving makes motorcyclists 37 times more at risk of losing their life than people using other types of vehicles (Photo: Pattarapong Chatpattarasill).

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ROAD SAFETY

Motorcyclists main victims of Songkran accidents

18 Apr 2013

Activists arrange a placard asking alcohol beverage firms to stop profiting from death.

Three out of four road accidents during the Songkran festival involved motorcycles, with drunk driving the biggest single cause of crashes, according to the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Department.

A total of 321 people were killed and 3,040 injured in 2,828 road accidents nationwide during the seven dangerous days (April 11-17) of the Songkran holiday.

The number of accidents was down 9.62% from 2012 when there were 3,129 crashes. The number of injuries was also down, 8.43%, but the death toll was one more than for the same seven-day period in 2012.

....drunk driving was the main cause of accidents, with alcohol involved in 39.11% of the accidents, followed by speeding at 23.59%.

....78.11% of the accidents involved motorcycles, and 21% of the deaths and injuries during the seven days were attributed to motorcyclists not wearing crash helmets.

...motorcycles are the most popular form of transport in Thailand, with 19 million bikes registered with the Department of Land Transport at the end of 2012. 

Motorcycles accounted for 58.6% of the total 32.4 million vehicle registrations, followed by personal vehicles not exceeding seven seats at 36%.

According to the National Injury Surveillance Network, under the Bureau of Epidemiology of the Disease Control Department, 81.67% of the deaths and injuries from road accidents in 2012 involved motorcycle users.

"This shows that motorcyclists are 37 times more at risk of losing their life than people using other types of vehicles," ...

....the public health ministry has safe driving campaigns focused on control of alcoholic beverages under the 2008 Alcohol Beverage Control Act and rescue services.

During the seven-day period, the ministry found 474 violations of the alcohol act. ... 218 people were charged and the other 256 issued warnings.

The most common offence was the advertising and sale of alcoholic beverages without a licence, and offering free products as sales inducements.

...over half the total fatalities over Songkran, or 56.70%, were working-age people. 

The Road Safety Centre set up 2,354 checkpoints throughout the country, manning them with 69,369 officials during the Songkran holiday.

A total of 232,600 motorcyclists were charged with failing to wear a safety helmet and 222,601 motorists faced charges of driving without a licence.

Samarn Futrakul, director of the Office of Alcohol Beverage Consumption Control Committee, said it is necessary to change the perception of the relaxation of enforcement of the Alcohol Beverage Control Act during Songkran as the period poses a higher risk. Enactment of the law should be strengthened to reduce losses from alcohol consumption.

The government should also amend the law itself to reduce loopholes and ensure the safety of the public, particularly youths, by banning alcohol sales on dates with the highest number of deaths.

Chuwit Chantaros, secretary of the Alcohol Watch Network, and other anti-alcohol groups on Thursday condemned liquor producers for their aggressive marketing campaigns during Songkran, the period when there is the greatest loss of life from alcohol consumption.

They accused the producers of being irresponsible and intent only on profits, and they had no regard for the loss of lives and the injuries and other social problems caused by alcohol consumption.

They asked the Interior Ministry to act against local administration organisations which allow activities to sell alcohol in areas prohibited by the 2008 Alcohol Beverage Control Act.

(Source: Bangkok Post, ROAD SAFETY, Motorcyclists main victims of Songkran accidents, 18 Apr 2013, Online Reporters, link


Road Safety Vocabulary

road safety - ways to reduce the number of people being injured and killed on roads and highways (See Wikipedia)

drunk - drinking alcohol and losing control of your mind and body เมา
drunk driving - the crime of driving your car when you are drunk, also called "Driving Under the Influence (DUI)" (See Wikipedia)
speeding - the crime of driving your car too fast (See Wikipedia)

accident - when a car or motorcycle hits something damaging things and injuring people อุบัติเหตุ
road accident
Songkran accidents

victim - a person who is killed injured or harmed in some way from an accident, natural disaster, crime, etc.
victims of Songkran accidents
motorcyclists main victims of Songkran accidents

activist - a person whose work has political or social change as its goal, especially someone who is a member of an NGO นักกิจกรรม
placard - a large written or printed notice that is put in a public place or carried in a march or protest  ป้ายประกาศ, แผ่นประกาศ
activists with a placard

beverage - a drink of any type เครื่องดื่ม
alcohol beverage - some drink such as beer, wine, whiskey or a cocktail

nationwide - throughout a whole country ทั่วทั้งประเทศ ทั่วประเทศ
3,040 were injured in 2,828 road accidents nationwide  

toll - the number of deaths and injuries caused by a disaster, accident, disease, etc.
death toll - the number of people who dies in an accident or disaster

the death toll was one more than for the same seven-day period in 2012

....drunk drinking was the main cause of accidents, with alcohol involved in 39.11%, followed by speeding at 23.59%.

X attributed to Y - Y was said to be the cause of X 

He said 78.11% of accidents involved motorcycles, and 21% of the deaths and injuries during the seven days were attributed to motorcyclists not wearing crash helmets.

transport - to move people or things from one place to another ขนส่ง
motorcycle is the most popular form of transport in Thailand

registered - officially recorded as a business with the government (and given permission to operate) (
19 million bikes registered with the Department of Land Transport at the end of 2012.

vehicle
- a machine that you travel in or on, especially one with an engine that travels on roads, e.g., a car, bus, van, truck, etc. ยานพาหนะ
vehicle registrations

personal - owned by one person or family (not a company)
personal vehicles

exceeding
- passing a limit, going beyond
personal vehicles not exceeding seven seats

surveillance - the process of carefully watching a person or place การเฝ้าตรวจตราอย่างเข้มงวด การตรวจตรา
National Injury Surveillance Network

bureau -
a government department, a government agency
epidemiology -  ระบาดวิทยา,  การศึกษาเกี่ยวกับสาเหตุและการแพร่ของเชื้อโรคในประชากร
Bureau of Epidemiology

at risk - in danger, likely or possible for a bad event that causes harm and damage to happen ความเสี่ยง
at risk of losing their life
motorcyclists are 37 times more at risk of losing their life

ministry - a government department dealing with an area of activity กระทรวง
public health ministry

campaigns - a long series of events staged to achieve a goal or to promote something (for example, an "anti-smoking campaign")
safe driving campaigns

rescue - to save someone form a dangerous or unpleasant situation ช่วยชีวิต
rescue services

....the public health ministry has safe driving campaigns focused on control of alcoholic beverages under the 2008 Alcohol Beverage Control Act and rescue services

act - a law passed by a country's government พ.ร.บ. พระราชบัญญัติ
the alcohol act

violations - breaking the law or a rule (not doing what the law or rule tells you to do)
violations of the alcohol actwhen someone breaks a law, regulation or rule

charged - a criminal case was brought against a person (trial will be held and if found guilty will be punished)
charged with failing to wear a safety helmet
222,601 motorists faced charges of driving without a licence

issued -  ออกใหม่
issued warnings

During the seven-day period, the ministry found 474 violations of the alcohol act. He said 218 people were charged and the other 256 issued warnings.

common - happening often, seen often
the most common - happening the most often, seen the most often

offence - a crime or illegal activity for which there is a punishment การกระทำผิดกฎหมายหรือข้อบังคับ
the most common offence

licence - official permission and document from government to do a business or some activity ใบอนุญาต
the sale of alcoholic beverages without a licence

inducements - things given to people to make them do something you want them to do
sales inducements
offering free products as sales inducements

fatalities - the number of people who died
...over half the total fatalities over Songkran, or 56.70%, were working-age people  

The most common offence was the advertising and sale of alcoholic beverages without a licence, and offering free products as sales inducements.

checkpoints - places along the road where cars are stopped by police and checked (to see if they are breaking the law)
manning checkpoints - putting workers at checkpoints to work there and do needed tasks

The Road Safety Centre set up 2,354 checkpoints throughout the country, manning them with 69,369 officials during the Songkran holiday.

helmet - a strong hard hat that covers and protects the head หมวกกันน็อก
crash helmet
safety helmet
wear a safety helmet

A total of 232,600 motorcyclists were charged with failing to wear a safety helmet and 222,601 motorists faced charges of driving without a licence.

enforcement - making sure a law is obeyed and punishing people if it is not obeyed (what police are supposed to do) การบังคับใช้กฎหมาย
enforcement of the law

relaxation - to stop doing something seriously or strictly
relaxation of enforcement - to stop enforcing laws strictly, reduce enforcement
relaxation of enforcement of the law

perception - the way that people think about or feel about an issue or situation การรับรู้
change the perception of the relaxation of enforcement of the law

consumption
- using, eating or drinking something การบริโภค
alcohol consumption
reduce losses of life from alcohol consumption

It is necessary to change the perception of the relaxation of enforcement of the Alcohol Beverage Control Act during Songkran as the period poses a higher risk. Enactment of the law should be strengthened to reduce losses from alcohol consumption.

amend - to changes a  law, document or agreement to improve it การแก้ไขกฎหมาย
amend law - change a law

loophole - a legal way to get around a law; imperfections in a law that allow people to avoid the law (and do something the law was meant to prevent)
amend the law itself to reduce loopholes

ensure - to make certain that something happens or is done รับรอง ให้ความมั่นใจ ให้การยืนยัน
ensure safety
ensure the safety of the public

particularly... - especially... , and most importantly ..... 
ensure the safety of the public, particularly youths

ban - to say that people cannot do something
ban alcohol sales - to tell or order people not to sell alcohol (make a new or regulation punishing alcohol sales)

The government should also amend the law itself to reduce loopholes and ensure the safety of the public, particularly youths, by banning alcohol sales on dates with the highest number of deaths.

liquor - drinks with a lot of alcohol in them, distilled alcohol drinks เครื่องดื่มที่มีแอลกอฮอล์, สุราที่ได้จากการกลั่น,  เหล้ากลั่น 
liquor producers

condemned - criticised severely ประณาม
condemned liquor producers

aggressive - determined and eager to win or succeed and using forceful action to achieve victory or success, done with great energy and intensity
 ซึ่งมีความมั่นใจสูง ก้าวร้าว

Chuwit Chantaros, secretary of the Alcohol Watch Network, and other anti-alcohol groups on Thursday condemned liquor producers for their aggressive marketing campaigns during Songkran, the period when there is the greatest loss of life from alcohol consumption.

accused - to say that someone did something wrong or broke the law  
irresponsible - do things without thinking about negative effects, careless, unreliable ขาดความรับผิดชอบ
they accused the producers of being irresponsible

intent - your plan or purpose จุดประสงค์
intent only on profits

regard - to consider or have an opinion about something or someone เห็นว่า,ถือว่า
have no regard for - are not concerned or worried about
they had no regard for the loss of lives

they accused the producers of being irresponsible and intent only on profits, and they had no regard for the loss of lives and the injuries and other social problems caused by alcohol consumption.

local - in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about ท้องถิ่น
administration - one government that a country has for a period of time
local administration organisations - local governments

They asked the Interior Ministry to act against local administration organisations which allow activities to sell alcohol in areas prohibited by the 2008 Alcohol Beverage Control Act.

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