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Censorship: Preah Vihear documentary

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Cambodian soldier interviewed in film may have wrong information that may be threat to national security. 

The Preah Vihear temple on the Thai-Cambodian border that is at the center of a border conflict (Photo from Berlinale Film Festival promotional catalogue).

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CENSORSHIP

Preah Vihear documentary banned

24 Apr 2013
Kong Rithdee

Director Nontawat Numbenchapol of Boundary (Photo from Berlinale Film Festival promotional catalogue).

Censors have banned a new documentary on Thai-Cambodian border conflicts, claiming the film is misleading and would disrupt public order.

The five-member censorship panel said the Thai-produced film could "persuade viewers to falsely believe" incorrect information, and was a threat to national security and international relations.

The film, Fah Tam Pan Din Soong, or Boundary, was directed by Nontawat Numbenchapol. It recounts the journey of a private who took part in the 2010 crackdown on the red shirts before returning home to Si Sa Ket.

The film then shifts to a discussion about border spats between Thailand and Cambodia, featuring several interviews with residents on both sides.

The film also includes YouTube footage of Thai soldiers in action during a border skirmish in 2011, a survey of damage from Cambodian shellings, and a long monologue from a Cambodian soldier who criticises Thailand.

The film, shot over two years with support from the Asian Cinema Fund in South Korea, ends with peaceful images of the Preah Vihear temple.

The Cambodian soldier interviewed in the film Boundary. (Photo from Berlinale Film Festival promotional catalogue).

"I made the film because I wanted to look at issues confronting our society, from the red-shirt and yellow-shirt problems to the Preah Vihear issue," Nontawat said.

But the censorship committee, which is attached to the Ministry of Culture, objected to many "groundless" points in the film.

One concern is a caption explaining that there were "nearly 100 deaths" during the red-shirt crackdown at Ratchaprasong on May 2010. The official figure is 89%.

The panel was also concerned by comments made by the Cambodian soldier when he discussed border demarcation.

(Source: Bangkok Post, CENSORSHIP, Preah Vihear documentary banned, 24 Apr 2013, Kong Rithdee, link


Film Censorship Vocabulary

censorship - when the government officially examines and cut out things from writing before it is released to the public การตรวจสอบสื่อต่างๆ เพื่อตัดส่วนที่ไม่เหมาะสมออก (See Wikipedia)
censor - a government official who makes decisions about what to censor (cut from films, newspapers, TV, films, etc)

film censorship - (See Wikipedia)

Preah Vihear - the temple on the Thai-Cambodian border that is at the center of a border conflict (See Wikipedia)

border - the official line separating two areas, regions or countries เขตแดน อาณาเขต
conflict - an angry disagreement between people or groups ความขัดแย้ง
border conflict - an angry disagreement over where the border between two countries is
Thai-Cambodian border conflicts

committee -
a group of people who make official decisions for the government or an organization
the censorship committee

documentary - a film or television programme that deals with real people and events สารคดี
a Preah Vihear documentary

banned - officially not allowed to do something ถูกห้าม  ห้ามอย่างเป็นทางการ ถูกตัดสิทธิ ห้าม ห้างอย่างเด็ดขาด
censors have banned a new documentary
Preah Vihear documentary banned

film festival -
the showing of many new and interesting films at a place at an event that lasts typically a few days to a week (See Wikipedia)
promotional
catalogue
Film Festival promotional catalogue
Photo from Berlinale Film Festival promotional catalogue

Berlinale Film Festival - film in Germany where film was presented
catalogue - make a list of the things in a group

film director - the person who organizes and directs the making of a film and makes all the artistic decisions about the story and appearance (See Wikipedia)

Nontawat Numbenchapol - Thai film director (See Tumbler & biography)
Boundary - the name of Nontawat Numbenchapol's most recent film (See film festival page on film & description)
Director Nontawat Numbenchapol of Boundary

Asian Cinema Fund in South Korea - (See website & Facebook)

misleading  - something that is not true and makes you believe what is wrong ซึ่งแนะนำไปในทางที่ผิด, ซึ่งทำให้เข้าใจผิด

disrupt - to prevent something from continuing as usual or as expected; cause difficulties to prevent normal operation ทำให้ยุ่งเหยิง, ทำให้ยุ่งยาก  ทำให้เสียกระบวน, ทำให้เสียระบบ, ทำให้สับสน

order -  
ความเป็นระเบียบเรียบร้อย
disorder -
ความวุ่นวาย

public order -
when there is order among all the people of the country เรียบร้อย
disrupt public order ไม่เรียบร้อย

claim - to say that something is true, without proving it yet
claiming the film is misleading and would disrupt public order.

Censors have banned a new documentary on Thai-Cambodian border conflicts, claiming the film is misleading and would disrupt public order.

The five-member censorship panel said the Thai-produced film could "persuade viewers to falsely believe" incorrect information, and was a threat to national security and international relations.

panel - a group of people brought together to discuss, investigate, and give advice on a subject
censorship panel

persuade - to make someone agree to do something by giving them reasons why they should โน้มน้าวใจ เกลี้ยกล่อม
persuade viewers to falsely believe incorrect information

threat - a danger อันตราย
a threat to national security and international relations.

national - for the whole country
security - the need to provide safety from attack, harm or damage ความปลอดภัย
national security - actions taken to protect the country

international - between countries ระหว่างประเทศ
international relations - the relations between countries

crackdown - strong action that someone in authority takes to stop a particular activity การใช้กำลังเข้าปราบปรามของเจ้าหน้าที่  การใช้กำลังสลายผู้ประท้วง การปราบจลาจล การปราบปรามขั้นเด็ดขาด
the 2010 crackdown on the red shirts

recount -
tell the story of
It recounts the journey of a private who took part in the 2010 crackdown on the red shirts before returning home to Si Sa Ket.

shifts - changes
The film then shifts to a discussion about border spats between Thailand and Cambodia, featuring several interviews with residents on both sides.

residents - people who live in an area ผู้อาศัย  ราษฎรในบริเวณนั้น ชาวบ้านในบริเวณ ผู้อาศัยในบริเวณ
residents on both sides of the border

interviews - asking a person a series of questions to get information (for example:  for a job interview or article) 
interviews with residents on both sides.

feature - to include something (in a film, magazine, video, etc) .... (example: the film featured Brad Pitt)
featuring
several interviews with residents on both sides.

footage - film or video of a particular subject or event ฟิลม์หรือคลิปภาพยนตร์ หรือวิดีโอ การเสนอข่าว
YouTube footage
YouTube footage of Thai soldiers in action

skirmish
- a fight, especially a small or short one away from the main fighting in a war การปะทะกันเล็กน้อย การปะทะกันเล็กน้อย
border skirmish

shell
shellings
Cambodian shellings


survey - a summary of a large area or subject  
a survey of damage from Cambodian shellings

The film also includes YouTube footage of Thai soldiers in action during a border skirmish in 2011, a survey of damage from Cambodian shellings, and a long monologue from a Cambodian soldier who criticises Thailand.

shoot a film - when a camera is used to make the images of the film
the film was shot

support - help, by giving money, for example สนับสนุน
the film was shot with support from the Asian Cinema Fund in South Korea

ends - purposes; benefit ผลประโยชน์

The film, shot over two years with support from the Asian Cinema Fund in South Korea, ends with peaceful images of the Preah Vihear temple.

issues - an important subject that people are discussing and debating about  ประเด็น
issues confronting our society - important problems in a country that people have to talk about together and solve

I made the film because I wanted to look at issues confronting our society, from the red-shirt and yellow-shirt problems to the Preah Vihear issue.

groundless - not supported by evidence
points -
things that are said (during a discussion, argument or debate)
groundless points

But the censorship committee, which is attached to the Ministry of Culture, objected to many "groundless" points in the film.

official - approved by the government or some authority ที่เป็นทางการ
figure - an amount จำนวน
the official figure is .... - the government says the amount is ....

caption - words at the bottom of a photo, video or film that help to explain something or that record speech
a caption explaining that there were "nearly 100 deaths" during the red-shirt crackdown

concern - a worry ความกังวล
One concern is ...

One
concern is a caption explaining that there were "nearly 100 deaths" during the red-shirt crackdown at Ratchaprasong on May 2010. The official figure is 89%.

comments - things that people say about something
comments made by the Cambodian soldier

concerned - worried about something มีความกังวล
the panel was concerned by comments made by the Cambodian soldier

demarcation - (the making of) a border or a rule that shows the limits of something or how things are divided การแบ่งเขต, การกำหนดเขต,เส้นแบ่งเขต
border demarcation - marking where the border is located exactly

The panel was also concerned by comments made by the Cambodian soldier when he discussed border demarcation.

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