Angelina Jolie: Breasts removed to prevent cancer | Bangkok Post: learning

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Angelina Jolie: Breasts removed to prevent cancer

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Her mother died of cancer at age 56 & Angelina has an 87% risk of breast cancer but removing her breasts reduced chance to 5%. 

Click button to listen to Angelina Jolie Mastectomy download 

HEALTH

Angelina Jolie has double mastectomy

14 May 2013
AFP

Angelina Jolie revealed Tuesday that she has undergone a preventive double mastectomy because she had a very high risk of breast cancer.

The 37-year-old American actress wrote in an opinion piece entitled "My Medical Choice" in The New York Times that she had chosen the procedure because she carries a faulty gene that increases her risk of both breast and ovarian cancer.

Jolie, one of Hollywood's best-known faces and the partner of actor Brad Pitt, said that because of this gene, known as BRCA1, her doctors estimated she had an 87 percent risk of breast cancer and 50 percent risk of ovarian cancer. Her mother died of cancer at the age of 56, she said.

"Once I knew that this was my reality, I decided to be proactive and to minimize the risk as much I could. I made a decision to have a preventive double mastectomy," she wrote.

"I started with the breasts, as my risk of breast cancer is higher than my risk of ovarian cancer, and the surgery is more complex," Jolie wrote.

She said that on April 27 she completed the three months of medical procedures that the mastectomies involved.

Jolie said her chances of developing breast cancer are now down to five percent.

Jolie and Pitt have three adopted and three biological children. 

"I can tell my children they don't need to fear they will lose me to breast cancer," Jolie said.

(Source: Bangkok Post, Health, Angelina Jolie has double mastectomy, 14 May 2013, AFP, link


Cancer Prevention Vocabulary

Angelina Jolie
- a famous American actress, film director, and screenwriter. She has received an Academy Award and many other awards and was named Hollywood's highest-paid actress by Forbes in 2009 and 2011, promotes humanitarian causes, and is noted for her work with refugees as a United Nations ambassador, she has often been cited as the world's "most beautiful" woman, a title for which she has received substantial media attention (See Wikipedia)

actress - a woman who plays a character in a movie or TV show or stage drama นักแสดงหญิง,  ตัวแสดงหญิง,

humanitarian - trying to help people who are suffering ผู้มีมนุษยธรรม
campaigner - a person who takes part in organized activities which are intended to change something in society ผู้ต่อสู้,ผู้รณรงค์,ผู้โฆษณาเผยแพร่
humanitarian campaigner

cancer -  a serious disease in which growths of cells kill normal body  cells, disease often causes death มะเร็ง (See Wikipedia)
breast cancer - (See Wikipedia)

ovary
(noun)  - รังไข่ของสตรี   
ovarian
(adjective)
ovarian cancer -
(See Wikipedia)

Her mother died of cancer at the age of 56.
I can tell my children they don't need to fear they will lose me to breast cancer.

gene - the basic unit of heredity and inheritance in living things, that transfers traits or characteristics from parent to child such as eye color, blood type, risk for specific diseases, and the thousands of basic biochemical processes that comprise life .(See Wikipedia)
mutation in a gene -  a change in a gene from what it is normally and naturally การเปลี่ยนแปลงตามธรรมชาติ (See Wikipedia)

BRCA1
- changes in the BRCA1 gene lead to an increased risk for breast cancer as part of a hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome: "Researchers have identified hundreds of mutations in the BRCA1 gene, many of which are associated with an increased risk of cancer. Women with an abnormal BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene have up to a 80% risk of developing breast cancer by age 90; increased risk of developing ovarian cancer is about 55% for women with BRCA1 mutations and about 25% for women with BRCA2 mutations" (See Wikipedia)

Hereditary breast–ovarian cancer syndrome - (See Wikipedia)

predictive medicine - a field of medicine that predicts the probability of disease using mostly genetics to start preventive measures in order to either prevent the disease or decrease its impact upon the patient (such as preventing death) (See Wikipedia)

genetic testing - (See Wikipedia)
personalized medicine - the customization of healthcare - with medical decisions, practices and products made for the individual patient using genetic information (See Wikipedia)

faulty - a machine or device that is not perfectly made and does not work correctly ซึ่งมีข้อผิดพลาด
faulty gene - gene that does not work normally and can lead to disease
she carries a faulty gene that increases her risk of both breast and ovarian cancer

estimate - to say how much you think something will be in the future ประมาณ,  คาดคะเน
because of this gene, known as BRCA1, her doctors estimated she had an 87 percent risk of breast cancer and 50 percent risk of ovarian cancer.

mastectomy - the surgical removal of one or two breasts for medical reasons การตัดเต้านม, การผ่าตัดเอาเต้านมออก (See Wikipedia & pronunciation)

double - to become twice as big, twice as much or twice as many เพิ่มเป็นสองเท่า
double mastectomy

preventive - taking action to stop bad things before they happen such as diseases and medical conditions เกี่ยวกับการป้องกันโรค, ซึ่งป้องกัน
preventive double mastectomy

undergo - to have something happen to you
undergone a preventive double mastectomy

risk
- danger, the possibility that something dangerous or unpleasant might happen ความเสี่ยง

minimize - make smallest possible
minimize risk

reduce risk
reduce risk of cancer

US actress and humanitarian campaigner Angelina - (See Wikipedia)

revealed - to show people something (that they did not see or know about) ; made known or showed somthing that was surprising or that was previously secret เปิดเผย

Jolie revealed Tuesday that she has undergone a preventive double mastectomy to reduce her risk of cancer. 

Angelina Jolie revealed Tuesday that she has undergone a preventive double mastectomy because she had a very high risk of breast cancer.

opinion piece
- an article in a newspaper that gives the opinion of a person or the newspaper
entitled
... - having the name ....
an opinion piece entitled in The New York Times

the 37-year-old American actress wrote in an opinion piece entitled "My Medical Choice" in The New York Times

procedure - a way of doing something ขั้นตอนการดำเนินการ
medical procedure - an action taken by a doctor to cure a disease or put an end to a medical condition

she chose the procedure because ... - she chose the medical procedure because ....

partner - the person you are married to or living with just like marriage, such as two gay people คู่สมรส, คู่สามีหรือภรรยา
Jolie is the partner of actor Brad Pitt
Jolie, one of Hollywood's best-known faces and the partner of actor Brad Pitt

reality - actually happening ความเป็นจริง
my reality

Once I knew that this was my reality, I decided to ....

proactive - acting in advance to solve problems before they occur มาตราการป้องกันล่วงหน้า
I decided to be proactive and to minimize the risk

surgery - medical treatment in which a doctor cuts open someone's body การทำศัลยกรรม  การผ่าตัด
complex - an area that has several parts
the surgery  is more complex

"I started with the breasts, as my risk of breast cancer is higher than my risk of ovarian cancer, and the surgery is more complex," Jolie wrote.

medical procedures
She said that on April 27 she completed the three months of medical procedures that the mastectomies involved.

chances - the possibility that something might happen, the probability of it happening ความเป็นไปได้, ความน่าจะเป็น

Jolie said her chances of developing breast cancer are now down to five percent.

adopt - to take someone else’s child into your family and legally make him or her your own child รับเลี้ยงเป็นลูก
adoption - the act of adopting a child การรับเลี้ยงบุตรบุญธรรม

adopted children
biological children - children who are not adopted (children that the mother herself gives birth to)

Jolie and Pitt have three adopted and three biological children. 

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