Rhino baby: Hope for dying species | Bangkok Post: learning

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Rhino baby: Hope for dying species

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With Rhinos dying out from disease & killed for their valuable horns by hunters, birth of baby rhino in Australian zoo gives hope. 

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ANIMALS

Australian zoo says white rhino birth 'sign of hope'

21 May 2013
AFP

An Australian zoo said Tuesday the birth of a southern white rhinoceros was a "sign of hope" for the species given the escalation of poaching in Africa.

Taronga Western Plains Zoo said the yet-to-be-named male calf was born to first-time mother Mopani in the safari-style animal park in Dubbo, 400 kilometres (250 miles) west of Sydney, on May 14.

"It seems the first rain we had in Dubbo in a number of months helped bring on the birth of this calf, which was spotted by a staff member on Tuesday morning," senior keeper Pascale Benoit said. 

Taronga said every birth was important given unprecedented poaching in Africa, with close to 2,000 rhinos estimated to have been slaughtered since 2006, resulting in population growth slumping to some of the lowest levels in decades.

"He is a sign of hope to all of us to help stop the worst rhino poaching crisis in half a century," Taronga chief executive Cameron Kerr said.

The zoo hopes the delivery heralds a new start for its breeding programme after it last year suffered the devastating loss of four white rhinos from a mysterious illness that caused neurological abnormalities.

The cause of the disease has never been determined.

Mopani contracted the illness while pregnant but survived to give birth to the healthy 45-50 kilogram (99-110 pound) calf.

Zoo general manager Matt Fuller said nine white rhinos had been born at the facility since 2003 but the latest was "incredibly special" given the recent escalation in poaching, driven by demand from Asia for rhino horn.

"We are hearing that in excess of 300 animals have succumbed this year already," he said. 

"If that's to continue then very soon, in fact something like 2015 or 2016, we will be seeing a tipping point where the deaths brought on by illegal poaching and hunting outweigh the number of births that are happening in the wild."

"And that really puts rhinos on one clear path, and that is the path towards extinction."

The zoo's rhinos are southern whites, the less endangered of the two white rhinoceros species. There are estimated to be some 20,000 southern whites surviving in the wild, according to environmental group WWF.

(Source: Bangkok Post, ANIMALS, Australian zoo says white rhino birth 'sign of hope, 21 May 2013, AFP, link

 
Endangered Species Vocabulary

rhinoceros - a very large thick-skinned animal from Africa or Asia, which has one or two horns on its nose แรด (See Wikipedia)
southern white rhinoceros - the largest and most numerous species of rhinoceros that exists, a "near threatened" species (See Wikipedia)

rhino -
Same as "rhinoceros"
rhino horn

poaching -
the illegal hunting and killing of animals บุกรุกเข้าไปล่าสัตว์

illegal poaching
poaching in Africa
poaching crisis

species - a kind of animal; a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other พันธ์,จำพวก
Rhino baby: Hope for dieing species

extinction - death of all living members of a species of animal or plant การสูญพันธุ์
dieing out - when a species of animal approaches "extinction"

endangered - at risk or in danger of being harmed, damaged or destroyed เป็นอันตราย
endangered species -  a kind of animal that is dieing quickly so there soon may be no more of them living (See Wikipedia)

sign -
something that shows that something exists or is happening เครื่องหมาย สัญายลักษณ์
hope - the feeling or belief that something good that you want to happen will happen in the future ความหวัง

sign of hope
a sign of hope to all of us
a "sign of hope" for the species

Australian zoo says white rhino birth 'sign of hope'

escalation
- increase in some activity
the escalation of poaching in Africa

An Australian zoo said Tuesday the birth of a southern white rhinoceros was a "sign of hope" for the species given the escalation of poaching in Africa.

yet-to-be-named - does not have name yet, not given name

safari -
when a group of hunters travel on a journey or expedition into the jungle or wild area to hunt for animals การเดินทางไกล เพื่อล่าสัตว์ ท่องเที่ยว ค้นหาทางวิทยาศาสตร์

safari-style animal park - safari park สวนสัตว์ที่ไม่มีรั้วล้อมรอบ ผู้ชมเข้าดูสัตว์โดยการนั่งรถ

Taronga Western Plains Zoo said the yet-to-be-named male calf was born to first-time mother Mopani in the safari-style animal park in Dubbo, 400 kilometres (250 miles) west of Sydney, on May 14.

spotted - seen; noticed ปรากฏให้เห็น
spotted by a staff member

staff - people who work for a company or organisation; workers, employees พนักงาน
staff member

keeper -
Same as "zookeeper"
zookeeper - a person who cares for and looks after the animals in a zoo  ผู้ดูแลสัตว์, คนเลี้ยงและให้อาหารสัตว์

"It seems the first rain we had in Dubbo in a number of months helped bring on the birth of this calf, which was spotted by a staff member on Tuesday morning," senior keeper Pascale Benoit said. 

precedent - something in the past that is like something now (that provides a reason for doing something now) 

unprecedented - has never happened before, this is the first time   ที่ไม่เคยเกิดขึ้นมาก่อน
unprecedented poaching in Africa

A given B - A is true using assumptions B, assuming B
given unprecedented poaching in Africa

slaughtered - killed
close to 2,000 rhinos slaughtered since 2006

population - all the animals or plants of a particular type or group who live in one country, area or place กลุ่มพืชและสัตว์ที่อาศัยอยู่ในบริเวณหนึ่ง
population growth slumping - less and less animals over time

slumping - falling
population growth slumping.

decades
- periods of ten years เป็นสิบๆปี
population growth slumping to some of the lowest levels in decades.

Taronga said every birth was important given unprecedented poaching in Africa, with close to 2,000 rhinos estimated to have been slaughtered since 2006, resulting in population growth slumping to some of the lowest levels in decades.

century - a period of one hundred years ศตวรรษ
half a century - 50 years

crisis - an urgent, difficult or dangerous situation วิกฤต วิกฤตการณ์
poaching crisis

the worst rhino poaching crisis in half a century

"He is a sign of hope to all of us to help stop the worst rhino poaching crisis in half a century," Taronga chief executive Cameron Kerr said.

heralds - to be a sign that something important, and often good, is starting to happen ส่งสัญญาณ
heralds a new start

breeding - the keeping of animals or plants in order to produce young animals from them การผสมพันธุ์สัตว์เพื่อขยายพันธุ์
breeding programme

devastating - very harmful and damaging
suffered a devastating loss

mysterious - not explained or understood; full of secrets ลึกลับ, น่าพิศวง, น่าประหลาด
a mysterious illness

neurological -
having to do with the brain, nerves and spinal chord (nervous system) 
abnormalities -
things that are not normal, medical condition or disease 
neurological abnormalities

The zoo hopes the delivery heralds a new start for its breeding programme after it last year suffered the devastating loss of four white rhinos from a mysterious illness that caused neurological abnormalities.

determined - found out; discovered ระบุชี้ชัด

The cause of the disease has never been determined.

pregnant - having a baby developing inside the body ท้อง ตั้งครรภ์

contract illness - get sick
contracted the illness while pregnant

survived - continued to live or exist รอดมาได้
survived to give birth

Mopani contracted the illness while pregnant but survived to give birth to the healthy 45-50 kilogram (99-110 pound) calf.

incredibly - in a way that is difficult to believe อย่างไม่น่าเชื่อ
incredibly special

demand - the need and desire to buy goods and services by households and businesses ความต้องการ
demand from Asia

driven by -
caused by
driven by demand from Asia for rhino horn.

facility - a building used for a particular purpose
nine white rhinos were born at the facility

Zoo general manager Matt Fuller said nine white rhinos had been born at the facility since 2003 but the latest was "incredibly special" given the recent escalation in poaching, driven by demand from Asia for rhino horn.

excess - greater than is usual; too much of something มากเกินปริมาณที่พอดี
in excess of 300 animals

succumbed - died
"We are hearing that in excess of 300 animals have succumbed this year already," he said. 

illegal - against the law ผิดกฎหมาย, นอกกฎหมาย

a tipping point - a big changing point, a time when big changes happen

X outweighs Y -
X is more than Y

domesticated -
when an animal lives with humans as farm animal or pet เชื่อง
wild
- animals not living with humans, living in jungle or wild places ไม่เชื่อง
births in the wild

If that's to continue then very soon, in fact something like 2015 or 2016, we will be seeing a tipping point where the deaths brought on by illegal poaching and hunting outweigh the number of births that are happening in the wild.

path - direction that something is going in  ทาง, ทางเดิน,  เส้นทาง, วิถีทาง, แนวทาง,
put on a path

clear - easy to understand
puts on a clear path

puts rhinos on one clear path
the path towards extinction

And that really puts rhinos on one clear path, and that is the path towards extinction.

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