Teen pregnancy: Younger & younger | Bangkok Post: learning

Learning > Learning From News (เรียนภาษาอังกฤษจาก ข่าวบางกอกโพสต์)

Teen pregnancy: Younger & younger

Level switch:
  1. Advanced
- +

Govt targets teen pregnancy. Of those seeking abortion 53% teens, 30% students. Legalize abortion pill or not? Govt must decide. 

Students show their affection at a public park.

Click button to listen to Teenage Pregnancy download 

HEALTH

Young girls falling pregnant earlier

27/06/2013
Online Reporters

Young girls are getting pregnant at even earlier ages, a healthcare project at a school in Nakhon Phanom has revealed, with the youngest reported in May to be only 10 years old.

Supannee Saenkuan, a teacher at Nakhon Phanom Wittayakom School who operates a teenage heathcare project, said a meeting on youth problems in the province revealed that young girls were getting pregnant at much earlier ages than before.

A nurse from Ban Phaeng hospital said a 10-year-old girl gave birth to a baby at the hospital. Ms Supannee said her inquiries found that girls were starting to menstruate at a much earlier age, and this opened them to the risk of unwanted pregnancies when they were far too young.

The survey showed that students at secondary school level (Mathayom 1-3) were at the highest risk of using drugs, followed by having sex far too early, while those in high school were at high risk from sex issues.

Ms Supannee said about 40 of the 2,700 students in the school sought consultations during the project. Half of them were prematurely pregnant and two of them had an abortion.

Students also revealed that more of them were using classrooms to develop private relationships with lovers.

One young student who fell pregnant said she got assistance from teachers, and finally she gave birth and later came back to continue her studies. Now she helps give advice to younger students on methods of protection, and warning them not to have sex when they are not ready to accept possibly becoming pregnant.

Public Health Ministry statistics shows that in 2011, 370 girls younger than 20 gave birth each day on average and 10 of them were younger than 15 years, on average.

The ministry has implemented a pilot project, with participation from 134 hospitals nationwide, to monitor the abortion situation in Thailand. It found that in 2011, 53% of patients seeking an abortion were teenagers and 30% of them mathayom students or university students.

Public Health Minister Pradit Sintawanarong said the strategy in attacking the problem of unplanned pregnancy in young girls will focus on providing knowledge on methods of protection . It would be extremely difficult to prevent teenagers from having sex, he said.

The ministry will use social media to reach youth and provide information on protection, which may include distribution of condoms.

He said there will be a study on the possible amendment of regulations to remove barriers to access contraception and those related to solving unplanned early pregnancy, such as the ban on the morning after pill. However, there must be discussions with the Medical Council of Thailand to set clear a direction on usage and control to prevent misuse.

Then there must also be consideration whether the ministry will go ahead in legalising the so-called abortion pill or not.

(Source: Bangkok Post, HEALTH, Young girls falling pregnant earlier, 27/06/2013, Online Reporters, link

 
Teenage Pregnancy Vocabulary

pregnancy (noun) - when a baby is growing inside a woman  การตั้งครรภ์, การมีครรภ์, การตั้งท้อง
unplanned pregnancy
unwanted pregnancy

pregnant (adjective) - having a baby developing inside the body ท้อง ตั้งครรภ์
getting pregnant
falling pregnant
young girls falling pregnant earlier

teen -
Same as "teenager"
teenager -
a person whose age is between 13 & 19 years old วัยรุ่น, บุคคลที่มีอายุระหว่าง 13-19 ปี

teenage pregnancy -
"pregnancy in a female under the age of 20 when the pregnancy ends. A pregnancy can take place before menarche (the first menstrual period), which signals the possibility of fertility, but usually occurs after menarche. In healthy, well-nourished girls, menarche normally takes place around the ages 12 or 13. Whether the onset of biological fertility will result in a teenage pregnancy depends on a number of personal and societal factors. Teenage pregnancy rates vary between countries because of differences in levels of sexual activity, marriage among teenagers, general sex education provided and access to affordable contraceptive options. Worldwide, teenage pregnancy rates range from 143 per 1000 in some sub-Saharan African countries to 2.9 per 1000 in South Korea" (See Wikipedia & Chiang Mai University)

birth - when a new baby leaves his or her mother and comes into the world for the first time การเกิด
give birth to - when the baby comes out of his or her mother 

contraceptives
- a drug or method to prevent pregnancy ยาคุม, การคุมกำเนิด, การวางแผนครอบครัว (See Wikipedia)
contraception - the use of a drug or method to prevent pregnancy (Also used to mean "cotnraceptive" too)

abortion - when the baby is removed from the mother before she gives birth to it (ending the pregnancy) การทำแท้ง, การแท้งลูก

abortion pill - a pill that causes abortion, instead of a medical procedure by a doctor (See Wikipedia)

the morning after pill - drugs that stop pregnancy, drugs that "disrupt or delay ovulation or fertilization, which are necessary for pregnancy," also called Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs) (See Wikipedia)

affection - a feeling of liking and caring about someone or something ความรักและห่วงใย
Students show their affection at a public park

healthcare - the treatment and prevention of diseases and other medical problems
healthcare project

revealed - made known or showed something that was surprising or that was previously secret เปิดเผย

Young girls are getting pregnant at even earlier ages, a healthcare project at a school in Nakhon Phanom has revealed, with the youngest reported in May to be only 10 years old.

youth - a boy or a young man เด็กหนุ่ม, วัยรุ่น
youth problems
youth problems in the province

meeting - when a group of people come together to discuss issues and make decisions การประชุม
a meeting on youth problems in the province

Supannee Saenkuan, a teacher at Nakhon Phanom Wittayakom School who operates a teenage heathcare project, said a meeting on youth problems in the province revealed that young girls were getting pregnant at much earlier ages than before.

nurse - a person who looks after sick people พยาบาล

A nurse from Ban Phaeng hospital said a 10-year-old girl gave birth to a baby at the hospital.

menstruate -  the flow of blood from a woman's womb every month มีประจำเดือน, ตกเลือดประจำเดือน, ช่วงมีรอบเดือน
menstruate at a much earlier age

risk - danger, the possibility that something dangerous or unpleasant might happen ความเสี่ยง
opened them to the risk of
the risk of unwanted pregnancies

inquiries - people asking about something
her inquiries found that

Ms Supannee said her inquiries found that girls were starting to menstruate at a much earlier age, and this opened them to the risk of unwanted pregnancies when they were far too young.

survey - gathering information about what people think about different subjects (public opinion) by asking large numbers of people questions and counting their answers, and then using statistics, graphs, and tables to present results (See Wikipedia)  การสำรวจความเห็น
the survey showed that

issues - an important subect that people are discussing and debating about; subjects that need to be considered ประเด็น
sex issues

The survey showed that students at secondary school level (Mathayom 1-3) were at the highest risk of using drugs, followed by having sex far too early, while those in high school were at high risk from sex issues.

consultation  - meeting with an expert person to help you solve a problem การปรึกษาหารือ
sought consultations

prematurely - when something happens before the time it should happen or normally happens
prematurely pregnant

Ms Supannee said about 40 of the 2,700 students in the school sought consultations during the project. Half of them were prematurely pregnant and two of them had an abortion.

relationship - the way that two people are connected to each other or involved with each other ความสัมพันธ์
private relationships
develop private relationships with lovers

Students also revealed that more of them were using classrooms to develop private relationships with lovers.

assistance - help (given to someone)
she got assistance from teachers

continue studies - stay in school and not stop going to school (because you had a baby, for example)
she gave birth and later came back to continue her studies

methods of protection
- ways to prevent pregnancy, stop from having a baby (Same as "contraception") 

One young student fell pregnant said she got assistance from teachers, and finally she gave birth and later came back to continue her studies. Now she now helps give advice to younger students on methods of protection, and warning them not to have sex when they are not ready to accept possibly becoming pregnant.

statistics - facts about something, described by counting them สถิติ

Public Health Ministry statistics shows that in 2011, 370 girls younger than 20 gave birth each day on average and 10 of them were younger than 15 years, on average

pilot - a small test for a system or idea before introducing it everywhere
a pilot project

implemented - when a plan is put into action, actually doing the things in a plan
implemented a pilot project

ministry - a government department dealing with an area of activity กระทรวง
the ministry has implemented a pilot project

nationwide - throughout a whole country ทั่วทั้งประเทศ ทั่วประเทศ
134 hospitals nationwide

participation - when a person joins an activity, instead of just watching
a pilot project, with participation from 134 hospitals nationwide

monitor - watch closely what is going on (checking for problems) ตรวจ, ติดตาม, เฝ้าสังเกต   ตรวจสอบ ตรวจตรา   เฝ้าจับตาด
a project to ูmonitor the abortion situation in Thailand

The ministry has implemented a pilot project, with participation from 134 hospitals nationwide, to monitor the abortion situation in Thailand. It found that in 2011, 53% of patients seeking an abortion were teenagers and 30% of them mathayom students or university students.

strategy - a plan to achieve a goal over a longer period of time ('strategy' gives the big picture, 'tactics' the details)
the strategy in attacking the problem of unplanned pregnancy in young girls

focus - the main thing it is concerned with ให้ความสำคัญ

Public Health Minister Pradit Sintawanarong said the strategy in attacking the problem of unplanned pregnancy in young girls will focus on providing knowledge on methods of protection . It would be extremely difficult to prevent teenagers from having sex, he said.

provide - to give someone something that they want or need
distribution - giving or delivering things to many people การจำหน่ายออกไป
The ministry will use social media to reach youth and provide information on protection, which may include distribution of condoms.

amendment -
changing something
regulations - rules made by the government to control how some activity is done กฎระเบียบ ระเบียบ ข้อบังคับ ระเบียบปฏิบัติ
amendment
of regulations

access
- the ability, right or opportunity to have or use something ได้รับสิทธิ์หรือโอกาสในการใช้
access contraception - ability to get drugs to prevent pregnancy

remove - to take something away เอาออกจาก
remove barriers to access contraception

ban
- an official statement ordering people not to do something ห้าม การห้าม ห้ามอย่างเป็นทางการ
the ban on the morning after pill

clear - easy to understand
set clear a direction on usage and control

misuse - to use something in an unsuitable way or in a way that was not intended ใช้ในทางที่ผิด
prevent misuse

He said there will be a study on the possible amendment of regulations to remove barriers to access contraception and those related to solving unplanned early pregnancy, such as the ban on the morning after pill. However, there must be discussions with the Medical Council of Thailand to set clear a direction on usage and control to prevent misuse.

consideration - giving careful thought to something before making a decision
consideration whether they will do it or not

so-called... -
is called... , people call it ...
the so-called abortion pill

legalising - making it so people can do something that is now against the law
legalising the so-called abortion pill

go ahead - decide to do something and do it
go ahead in legalising the so-called abortion pill

Then there must also be consideration whether the ministry will go ahead in legalising the so-called abortion pill or not.

More on this topic

Bangkok Post online classifieds

Try buying & selling goods and properties 24/7 in our classifieds which has high purchasing power local & expatriate audience from within Thailand and around the world.

0 people commented about the above

Readers are urged not to submit comments that may cause legal dispute including slanderous, vulgar or violent language, incorrectly spelt names, discuss moderation action, quotes with no source or anything deemed critical of the monarchy. More information in our terms of use.

Please use our forum for more candid, lengthy, conversational and open discussion between one another.

  • Latest
  • Oldest
  • Most replied to
  • Most liked
  • Most disliked

    Click here to view more comments