The Egyptian army has removed the country's president Mohamed Morsi from power. Before you make comparisons with Thailand, find out what is actually happening there. This AFP story is a good start.
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Gen Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, made a televised address to the nation accusing Mr Morsi of rejecting calls for national dialogue AFP
(Afternoon update) Today’s debate: It’s a coup. No, it’s not a coup
When an army forcefully removes a country’s president, arrests him and suspends the constitution you would normally call it a coup (word defined in story below). That is indeed what deposed president Morsi and his supporters are saying.
The army and Morsi’s opponents say no, it’s not a coup. The army is not official taking power, they say, and the army acted because a majority of Egyptians asked them to remove a leader who had betrayed the Egyptian revolution
It makes a difference which word is finally chosen because if it is determined to be a coup, some countries – the United States, for example – have laws which will restrict relations with the coup-makers.
Egypt army topples Islamist president
By Samer Al Atarash (AFP)
CAIRO — The Egyptian army toppled Islamist President Mohamed Morsi on Wednesday after a week of bloodshed that killed nearly 50 people as millions took to the streets to demand an end to his turbulent single year of rule
The announcement, made on state television by Morsi's own defence minister, armed forces chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, drew a rapturous welcome from thousands of protesters who have camped out on the streets of Cairo for days.
Egyptian protesters calling for the ouster of President Mohamed Morsi gather in Cairo’s landmark Tahrir Square on July 3, 2013. AFP
Sisi laid out details of the road map for a political transition saying the Islamist-drafted constitution would be frozen and presidential elections held early, without specifying when.
The armed forces would "remain far away from politics," he stressed
The din rang out immediately, and continued for hours, as tens of thousands of people took to the streets of the capital to celebrate, cheering, whistling, letting off firecrackers and honking car horns in joyous scenes.
In an amateur video posted online, Morsi declared "I am the elected president of Egypt" and urged people to "defend this legitimacy" .
But the opposition Congress Party of former Arab League chief Amr Mussa said "this is not a coup".
"The 2,000-year-old Coptic Church, the 1,000-year-old Azhar mosque, the liberals the Salafists (conservative Islamists), the police, the army are all behind the call for early elections," said a Congress spokesman.
Egyptian protesters gather in Cairo's landmark Tahrir Square as laser lights directed at a government building spell "Game Over" AFP
Morsi, Egypt's first freely elected president, came under massive pressure in the run-up to Sunday's anniversary of his maiden year in office, with his opponents accusing him of failing the 2011 revolution by concentrating power in the hands of his Muslim Brotherhood.
The embattled 61-year-old proposed a "consensus government" as a way out of the country's worst crisis since the 2011 uprising ended three decades of authoritarian rule by Hosni Mubarak.
But the United States urged Morsi to "do more" as a military deadline passed for him to meet the demands of the people following a week of bloody unrest during mass protests calling for him to quit.
The advice came too late as the army announced that the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Adly al-Mansour, a previously little known judge, would become the new leader of the Arab world's most populous country.
Morsi's camp had earlier denounced the army's intervention as a coup.
"For the sake of Egypt and for historical accuracy let's call what is happening by its real name: military coup," Essam al-Haddad, Morsi's national security adviser, said in a statement on Facebook.
Learn from listening
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accuracy: the state of being exact or correct; the ability to do something skilfully without making mistakes - ความแม่นยำ
accuse: to say that someone has done something wrong or committed a crime - กล่าวหา
address: a formal speech - คำปราศรัย
advice: an opinion or a suggestion about what somebody should do in a particular situation - คำแนะนำ
anniversary: a date when you celebrate something that happened in a previous year that is important to you - วันครบรอบ
armed forces: a country's army, navy and air force - กองทัพทุกเหล่าทัพ
authoritarian: controlling everything and forcing people to obey strict rules and laws - เผด็จการ, เกี่ยวกับอำนาจเบ็ดเสร็จ
betray: to deliberately do something that harms someone who needs your support - หักหลัง ทรยศ
bloodshed: a situation in which people are killed or injured, especially during fighting - การนองเลือด
capital: the most important town or city of a country, usually where the central government operates from - เมืองหลวง
concentrate: to bring something together in one place - ทำให้ตรงไปยังจุดศูนย์กลาง
consensus: a generally accepted opinion or decision among a group of people - ความคิดเห็นของคนส่วนใหญ่
conservative: opposed to great or sudden social change; showing that you prefer traditional styles and values - ที่เป็นอนุรักษ์นิยม
constitution: the set of laws and basic principles that a country in governed by - รัฐธรรมนูญ
Constitution Court: the court that decides whether or not laws follow the constitution - ศาลรัฐธรรมนูญ
coup (d’etat): the seizure of power in a country by a group of people, usually members of the armed forces - รัฐประหาร
crisis: a situation that has reached and extremely difficult or dangerous point - ช่วงวิกฤต
deadline: a time or day by which something must be done - เส้นตาย
decades: periods of ten years - เป็นสิบๆปี
Defence Minister: the person in the cabinet in charge of the Ministry of Defence which oversees the armed forces - รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวงกลาโหม
defend: to prevent something from failing, stopping, or being taken away - ปกป้อง, ป้องกัน
demand: a very firm request for something - ข้อเรียกร้อง, การเรียกร้อง
denounce: to criticise someone or something severely in public - ประณาม, ติเตียน
deposed: forced from a position of power - ที่ถูกปลด ไล่ออกจากตำแหน่ง
details: small facts or pieces of information relating to a situation - รายละเอียด
determine: to find out or decide something - ตัดสินใจ ระบุ
dialogue: formal discussion between two groups or countries, especially when they are trying to solve a problem, end a disagreement, etc - การสนทนา
din: a very loud unpleasant noise that lasts for a long time - เสียงอึกทึก
draft: to write a document, plan, etc. that may be changed before it is finally accepted - ร่าง
embattled: experiencing a lot of problems - ที่ถูกโจมตี
firecracker: a kind of firework that makes a lot of loud noise when it explodes - ประทัด
for the sake of: for the benefit or good of someone or something - ผลประโยชน์
gather: to come together in a group - รวมกลุ่ม, รวมตัวกัน, จับกลุ่มกัน, ชุมนุม
honk: to make a loud noise using a horn - บีบแตร
intervention: becoming involved in a situation in order to try to stop or change it - การแทรกแซง
joyous: very happy - สนุกสนาน, เบิกบาน, มีความสุข
landmark: a building or place that is easily recognised, especially one which you can use to judge where you are - สถานที่ที่เป็นจุดสังเกต
legitimacy: that fact that something is legal; the fact that something is fair and reasonable - ถูกต้องตามกฎหมาย ความชอบธรรม
liberal: a political group wanting or allowing a lot of political and economic freedom and supporting gradual social, political or religious change - ลัทธิเสรีนิยม
maiden: being the first of its kind - ครั้งแรก
majority: more than 50 percent of a group - เสียงส่วนใหญ่
mass: to gather in large numbers - รวมกันเป็นกลุ่ม, รวมกันหนาแน่น
massive: very large - มหาศาล
opponent: someone who disagrees with you or who is competing against you - ผู้ไม่เห็นด้วยกับ, ฝ่ายตรงข้าม
opposition: of a political party that is not part of the government - ฝ่ายค้าน
ouster: forcing someone out of a position of power - ขับออกจากอำนาจ
populous: where a large number of people live - ซึ่งมีพลเมืองหนาแน่น
pressure: trying to make someone do something by forcing, threatening, or persuading them in a determined way - ความกดดัน, แรงกระตุ้น, การบีบบังคับ
proposed: suggested as an idea for a group to consider - ถูกเสนอ
protests: meetings, sometimes forceful or violent, or public statements by people who strongly disagree with something - ชุมนุมประท้วง
rapturous: full of extreme pleasure and happiness or excitement - ซึ่งปลาบปลื้มสูงสุด
reject: to not agree with a request, offer or proposal - ปฏิเสธ ไม่ยอมรับ
relations: official dealings between countries - ความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างประเทศ
restrict: to limit - จำกัด
revolution: a situation when people completely change their political system or government, often by force - การปฏิรูป
road map: a set of instructions or suggestions about how to do something or find out about - แนวทางการดำเนินการ
rule: control over the government of a country - การปกครอง
run-up: a period of time leading up to an important event; the preparation for this -
specify: to explain something in an exact and detailed way - ระบุ ชี้แจงรายละเอียด
state: government - รัฐบาล
stress: to emphasise something; to say that something is important - เน้นย้ำ
topple: to force out of power; to cause to fall (also oust, unseat or overthrow) - โค่นอำนาจ
transition: the process of changing from one situation, form or state to another - ช่วงการเปลี่ยนแปลง
turbulent: changing often or difficult to control - ผันผวน
unrest: angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting or fighting against something - สถานการณ์ที่ไม่สงบ
uprising: a political situation in which a large group of people opposes and tries to defeat the government or a ruler - การลุกฮือขึ้นก่อการปฏิวัติ
urge: to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take - ผลักดัน, กระตุ้น
whistle: to make a tune or musical notes by forcing air through your mouth - เป่าปาก
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