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Dengue fever: Sharp increase

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Last week 5,276 cases & 6 deaths with North hard hit. Stagnant water breeding grounds targeted in public health effort. 

Aedes aegypti is a mosquito that can spread the dengue fever virus and other diseases. (Source: Wikipedia).

Dengue cases could hit 120,000

8/07/2013
DPA News agency

The Public Health Ministry is launching a campaign to fight a sharp upsurge in dengue fever, which officials fear could hit a record high of 120,000 cases this year, reports said Monday.

In the past week, 5,276 new dengue fever cases and six deaths have been recorded throughout the country, with the highest concentration of cases in the northern region, state broadcaster MCOT reported.

Public Health Minister Pradit Sintavanarong said the campaign will employ more than a million volunteers from July 10-17 to combat mosquitoes in residential areas, schools and temples while educating people about the disease.

Dengue, also called haemorrhagic fever, is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito, which thrives in places where stagnant water is present, such as old tyres or empty bottles and in wet bathrooms and water tanks.

Opas Karnkavinpong, deputy director general of the Department of Disease Control, said it was working to keep the number of infections below 100,000 this year, but it could reach as high as 120,000.

There have been 59,318 reported cases and 68 deaths so far this year.

For the whole of 2012, 74,250 people were infected with the disease nationwide, with 79 deaths, according to the Department of Disease Control.

Dengue has been on the rise for several years in Southeast Asia, but health officials have warned that recent cases reported in such diverse locations as Madeira, Portugal, Nice, France, and Miami, Florida, could be attributed to global warming and the consequent expansion of breeding grounds for Aedes mosquitoes.

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Vocabulary:

attribute to: to believe that something is the result of a particular situation, event, or person’s actions - ถือว่าเป็นของ

breeding ground: a place where animals produce their babies - สถานที่สัตว์ออกลูก

broadcaster: a person, company or organisation whose job is presenting or talking on television or radio programmes - ผู้กระจายเสียงทางวิทยุหรือโทรทัศน์

campaign: a planned group of especially political, business or military activities which are intended to achieve a particular aim - การรณรงค์

case: a particular situation or a situation of a particular type - กรณี, เหตุการณ์, สถานการณ์

combat: to try to stop something unpleasant or harmful from happening or increasing - ต่อต้าน

concentration: a lot of something in one place - แหล่งชุมนุม  หรือ ศูนย์รวม

consequent: happening as the result of something, the result of - ที่เป็นผลที่ตามมา

dengue fever: a very serious illness that you get if a mosquito infected with a particular virus bites you. Dengue fever causes fever, headaches, and pain in the joints - ไข้เลือดออก

disease: a health problem and problem with a person's body, often caused by an infection, either from a bacteria or virus - โรค

diverse: many different kinds of things or persons - หลากหลาย

employ: to have someone work or do a job for you and pay them for it - ว่าจ้าง, จ้าง

expansion: when something increases in size, number or importance - การขยายออก

fever: an abnormally high body temperature - ไข้

global warming: the slow increase in the temperature of the earth over time caused by increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere around the earth (Greenhouse Effect) - การอุ่นขึ้นของโลก, ความร้อนขึ้นของบรรยากาศโลก

infected: having a disease transmitted from someone else - ซึ่งติดเชื้อ

infection: a disease or medical condition that is caused by a bacteria or by a virus or a parasite - การติดเชื้อ

launch: starting something - การเริ่มต้น

location: where someone or something is - ที่ตั้ง,ทำเล

mosquito: a small flying insect that bites the skin of people and animals in order to feed on their blood - ยุง

nationwide: throughout a whole country - ทั่วทั้งประเทศ

official: someone with an important position in an organisation - เจ้าหน้าที่

present: being in a particular place or situation - เข้าร่วม, อยู่

record: a written account of something that is kept so that it can be looked at and used in the future - การบันทึก, รายงาน

record: the best or most ever achieved - สถิติ

residential area: a place where people live - เขตที่อยู่อาศัย

sharp: sudden and rapid, especially of a change in something - ฉับพลัน, กะทันหัน

spread: to (cause to) cover, reach or have an effect on a wider or increasing area or number of people - แพร่กระจาย, แพร่กระจายไปทั่ว

stagnant: (of water or air) not moving and therefore smells unpleasant - นิ่ง, น้ำทรง

thrive: to become, and continue to be, successful, strong, healthy, etc. - เจริญ,เติบโต,ก้าวหน้า

transmit: when a spread a disease spreads from one person or animal to another, to pass on a disease or infection to another - ถ่าย

transmitted: sent - ส่ง

upsurge: a sudden increase in something - การเพิ่มขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็ว

volunteer: someone who is not paid for the work that they do - อาสาสมัคร

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