Amnesty for the people but not the leaders? | Bangkok Post: learning

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Amnesty for the people but not the leaders?

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Deliberation of bill should only take a day, grants amnesty to all except leaders on both sides. 


Dems back relatives' amnesty bill

Don't include corruption, lese majeste, Abhisit says


Post Reporters

Opposition leader Abhisit Vejjajiva has voiced the Democrat Party's support for the people's amnesty bill proposed by relatives of those killed in the 2010 political violence.

However, he suggested the bill needed to make sure that those involved in corruption and offences against (the) monarchytheare not included under the amnesty.

The relatives include Payao Akkahad, mother of Kamolkate Akkahad, the volunteer medic who was shot and killed at Wat Pathum Wanaram on May 19, 2010 during the military crackdown.

Mr Abhisit said the people's amnesty bill set out clear conditions that only members of the public, regardless of political allegiances, and those who committed minor non-criminal offences, would be granted an amnesty.

But those who gave orders in violation of the Criminal Code inciting others to kill, set fire to public property and do harm to the public or soldiers would not be included.

However, Mr Abhisit said he wanted the people's bill to make it clear that anyone involved in corruption or offences against (the) monarchythein violation of the Criminal Code' s Section 112 - known widely as the lese majeste law - should also be exempt from the amnesty.

The other proposed amnesty bills, some of which seek to grant a blanket amnesty, regardless of offences committed, also fail to address the issues of corruption or crimes against (the) monarchythe he added.

If the government is serious about pursuing an amnesty, the opposition would be happy to take part in negotiations to push the people's bill into law, Mr Abhisit said.

He said it was the first amnesty bill that had been proposed with a reasonable and reconciliatory tone.

The party would cooperate fully if the government agreed to withdraw the other reconciliation and amnesty bills currently under deliberation, Mr Abhisit said.

Several other bills have been proposed - by Pheu Thai Party MP for Samut Prakan Worachai Hema, Labour Minister Chalerm Yubamrung, government whips and other groups.

Withdrawing those bills would leave only the people's amnesty bill for consideration in the House.

"It would be acceptable to the opposition if the government agrees to withdraw all the other bills and pushes only the people's amnesty bill for deliberation," Mr Abhisit said.

Democrat spokesman Chavanond Intarakomalyasut Thursday dismissed criticism that the party has supported an amnesty aimed at exonerating those involved in instigating public disturbances during the 2010 political violence.

Mr Chavanond stressed the people's bill clearly separates offences in violation of the emergency rule and minor offences during the 2010 unrest.

Earlier Thursday, Senator Kamnoon Sitthisamarn posted a message on his Facebook page asking the Democrat Party to clarify its stance on the people's amnesty bill.

He said the bill seeks to grant an amnesty to offenders who violated Section 112 and to those who set fire to government buildings.

The party will not support an amnesty for these violations, Mr Chavanond responded.

Mr Kamnoon said the people's bill was modelled on an amnesty bill proposed by the Nitirat group.

However, the language of the people's bill has been adjusted to also give an amnesty to those who violated Section 112, he said.

Jatuporn Prompan, a co-leader of the red-shirt United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship, said the relatives of the victims killed in the 2010 political violence have the right to propose their own amnesty bill.

But the UDD's stance has been to support the bill proposed by Mr Worachai because it seeks an amnesty for political offenders who have now been incarcerated for three years since the 2010 political violence.

Mr Jatuporn said he will discuss the amnesty issue with Ms Payao to ensure they proceed in the same direction.

Mr Worachai said Thursday that when parliament reconvenes on Aug 1, his amnesty bill should be moved to the top of the agenda for consideration instead of the 2014 Budget Bill because his bill is important to those who are still in prison.

He said deliberation of the bill should take only a day as its content is clear in granting amnesty to all groups of people, except protest leaders and those who gave orders to security forces to crack down on protesters.

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(the) monarchy: the king or queen and their family in a particular country - สถาบันกษัตริย์

acceptable: that somebody agrees is of a good enough standard - ที่ยอมรับได้

address: to deal with a problem - จัดการปัญหา

adjust: to change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable - ปรับ

agenda: a list of things that people will discuss at a meeting - ระเบียบวาระ

aim: to have as your purpose or goal - มีเป้าหมาย มีจุดมุ่งหมาย

allegiance: strong loyalty to a person, group, idea or country - ความจงรักภักดี

amnesty: a situation in which a government agrees not to punish people who have committed a crime - การนิรโทษกรรม

bill: a proposal for a law - ร่างกฎหมาย

blanket: affecting or aimed at everyone or everything equally, even when this is not sensible or fair - ครอบคลุม, กว้าง

clarify: to explain something more clearly so that it is easier to understand - แจกแจง   ชี้แจง

clear: easy to see and understand - ชัดเจน

co-leader: one of two or more leaders of a group -

commit: to do something wrong or illegal - ทำความผิด

condition: something that must be done before another thing can happen - เงื่อนไข

consideration: giving careful thought to something before making a decision - การคิดพิจารณา

content: the subject, ideas, or story that a piece of writing or a radio or television programme deals with - เนื้อหา,สาระ

cooperate: to work with other people to achieve a result that is good for everyone involved - ร่วมมือกัน

crack down on: to take strong action to stop something from happening -

crackdown: strong action that someone in authority takes to stop a particular activity - การใช้กำลังเข้าปราบปรามของเจ้าหน้าที่

Criminal Code: the systems of laws dealing with crimes and their punishment - ประมวลกฎหมายอาญา

criticism: comments that show that you think something is wrong or bad - การวิจารณ์

currently: at this time; now - ในปัจจุบัน

deliberation: considering or discussing something - การปรึกษาหารือ

direction: the general way in which a person or thing develops - ทิศทาง, การชี้ทาง

dismiss: to refuse to accept that something might be true or important - ไม่สนใจ,แย้งกลับ

disturbance: an occasion during which people behave in a noisy or violent way in a public place - ก่อความไม่สงบ หรือรบกวนประชาชน

emergency rule: a situation where the government takes on special powers in a dangerous situation and the rights of the people are often limited in some way - การปกครองภายใต้การประกาศภาวะฉุกเฉิน

ensure: to make certain that something happens or is done - ให้การยืนยัน, รับรอง, ให้ความมั่นใจ

exempt: not affected by something - ได้รับการยกเว้น

exonerate: to officially state or prove that someone is not to be blamed for something - ทำให้พ้นจากความผิด

grant: to officially give something - ให้

incarcerated: kept in a prison - ถูกขังคุก, ถูกจำคุก

incite: to encourage people to be violent or commit crimes by making them angry or excited - ยั่วยุ ยุยงให้เกิดความรุนแรง

instigate: to cause something bad to happen; to make something start or happen, usually something official - ก่อให้เกิด, กระตุ้น

involved: taking part or having a role in something - เกี่ยวข้อง

issue: a problem that needs to be considered - ประเด็น

lese majeste: the crime of offending, threatening or showing disrespect for a member of the royal family - หมิ่นพระบรมเดชานุภาพ

medic: a person who is trained to give medical treatment, especially somebody in the armed forces - แพทย์, หมอ

member: a person, a country or an organization that has joined a particular group, club or team - สมาชิก

military: connected with soldiers or the armed forces - ในทางทหาร,เกี่ยวกับทหาร

minor: not important; small; having little influence or effect - เล็กน้อย

model on: to use something as an example or model to help build another similar thing -

negotiations: formal discussion in which people or groups try to reach an agreement - การเจรจาต่อรอง

offence: a crime or illegal activity for which there is a punishment - การกระทำผิดกฎหมาย

opposition: of a political party that is not part of the government or a group which is against the government - ฝ่ายค้าน  ผู้ต่อต้าน

parliament: the group of people who are elected to make and change the laws of a country; the building where members of parliament meet. - รัฐสภา

party: an organized group of people who have similar ideas about the way in which a country should be governed, and who work together to try to persuade people to vote for them in elections - พรรค การเมือง

proceed: to carry out an activity - ดำเนินการ

property: things, especially valuable things, that are owned by someone - ทรัพย์สมบัติ, ทรัพย์สิน

propose: to suggest an idea for a group to consider - เสนอ

protest: a meeting or rally, sometimes forceful or violent, of people who strongly disagree with something - ชุมนุมประท้วง

protester: someone who shows that they disagree with something by standing somewhere, shouting, carrying signs, etc - ผู้ต่อต้าน, ผู้ประท้วง

public: open to people in general - สาธารณะ

pursue: to work at something or carry it out - ทำให้ลุล่วง

reasonable: fair, practical and sensible - มีเหตุผล

reconcile: to become friendly again or to have a new relationship after a disagreement - (ทำให้)คืนดี

reconciliatory: related to becoming friends again after a disagreement -

reconvene: to start meeting again - เปิดประชุมใหม่

regardless of: without being affected or influenced by anything else that happens or exists - โดยไม่คำนึงถึง

relative: a member of your family - ญาติพี่น้อง

right: something that you are allowed to do, either by law or morally - สิทธิ

security forces: members of the military (army, navy, air force, and similar organizations) or police -

separate: to keep or put apart - แยก

stance: the official position or opinion that a person or organization has on some issue -

stress: to emphasise something such as an idea, fact or detail; to explain why something is important - เน้น

suggest: to mention an idea or a plan for somebody else to think about - เสนอ, เสนอแนะ

take part in: to join and be part of some activity; participate as participant -

tone: the quality of somebody's voice, especially expressing a particular emotion - น้ำเสียง, ลักษณะน้ำเสียง

unrest: angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting or fighting against something - สถานการณ์ที่ไม่สงบ

victim: someone who has been harmed, injured or killed as the result of a crime - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย

violation: an action that is against a law, agreement, principle, etc. - การฝ่าฝืน

violation: an action that is goes against a law, agreement, principle, etc. - การกระทำผิดกฎหมาย

violence: physical force with the deliberate intention of causing damage to property or injury or death to people - ความรุนแรง, การใช้กำลังทำลาย

voice: to express your feelings or opinions - ออกความคิด

volunteer: someone who is not paid for the work that they do - อาสาสมัคร

whip: an official in a political party whose job is to make certain that other members go where they are needed and that they vote in the correct way - วิป

withdraw: to take away - ถอน

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