Delays for much needed runway at Suvarnabhumi, record high Cambodian rice exports & better rice auctions needed.
Cambodian farmers work on a rice field in Kandal province. According to a local media report, private Cambodian rice exporting companies plan to buy unmilled rice from farmers in the coming harvest season with a goal to export 1 million tonnes of milled rice annually by 2015. (EPA file photo)
Much needed new Suvarnabhumi runwaymay take more time
Passenger throughput at Suvarnabhumi airport is expected to reach 53 million this year, far beyond the airport's annualcapacity of 45 million.
The fast-track plan to build a third runwayat Suvarnabhumi airport for emergencypurposes within two years appears to have suffered an initialsetback, with authoritiesinsisting the undertakingfirst undergoan environmental impact assessment(EIA).
The AoT boardhoped to avoid the EIA with its lengthyapproval processby defining the proposedrunwayas an "emergency" runwayless than 3,000 metres long to relievethe hugecapacitystrain for take-offs and landings when either of the two existing runways at Suvarnabhumi is downfor maintenanceor faces an emergencyshutdown.
The costs of building a reserverunwayat 10 billion baht is also significantlylower than the 14 billion baht required for a full-length third runway
The standardrunwaylength for a majorhub airport such as Suvarnabhumi, however, is 4,000 metres.
But officialsinsisted an EIA is compulsoryeven if the proposedrunwayis less than 3,000 metres and a health impact assessment (HIA) will also be needed if the length exceeds 3,000 metres.
AoT chairman Sqn Ldr Sita Divari expressed frustrationwith the reactionand blamed AoT executives for not being able to put the messageacross.
Cambodian rice exports set to double
Seven months into 2013, Cambodia's rice exports have already surpassed the total figureachieved for the entireyear in 2012.
Last year Cambodia shipped out 205,000 tonnes of rice to other countries, but officialdatafrom January to July this year shows the country has already exported 207,000 tonnes.
July alone saw Cambodia selling 31,000 tonnes of rice, far above its monthly average of 22,000 tones.
Cambodia benefits from duty-freetariffs under the European Union's Everything But Arms Agreement, which saw 60% of its rice sent to the European market.
Exporters want better rice auctions
The government should amendthe conditions of rice auctions and guarantee grain quality to make the bids more active and fetch higher selling prices, say traders.
The government has managed tosell just 210,000 tonnes in all - 60,000 tonnes of white rice, 30,000 tonnes of broken rice and 120,000 tonnes of parboiledrice.
The selling prices for white-rice bids were not disclosed, reportedlyto avoid influencing future auctions.
A rice industry sourceestimates the winners proposed12,000 baht a tonne at most.
If the numbers are correct, the auctions will have realisedlosses of 11,500 to 12,000 baht a tonne, based on the state's estimated spending on the pledging schemeof 24,000 baht a tonne.
Exporters do not know what type of rice is now in government warehouses, its quality or how long it has been stocked.
The government has hired surveyors to inspectthe quality of incoming rice but not outgoing rice, so buyers have no way of knowing the rice quality.
Interested bidders can examinethe rice quality before filing a tender but it's not easy to inspecta mountainous stack of 10,000 tonnes of rice in a warehouse
Learn from listening
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achieve: to succeed in doing something very good or difficult - บรรลุผลสำเร็จ
amend: to make changes to a document, law, agreement, etc. especially in order to improve it - การแก้ไขกฎหมาย
annual: happening every year - ทุกๆปีด, ประจำปี
approval: official permission - การอนุมัต
arms: weapons - อาวุธ
auction: a usually public sale of goods or property, where people make higher and higher bids (= offers of money) for each thing, until the thing is sold to the person who will pay most - การขายโดยการประมูล, การขายทอดตลาด
authorities: people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
benefit: to get help or an advantage from something - ผลประโยชน์
blame: to say or think that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad happening - ตำหนิ
board: a group of people who have the responsibility of managing important business or government activities - คณะกรรมการ
capacity: the total amount or number that can be handled or contained - ปริมาณสูงสุดที่จะรับได้
compulsory: if something is compulsory, you must do it because of a rule or law - ที่จำเป็นต้องทำ
data: facts or information used for making calculations or decisions - ข้อมูล
define: to describe clearly and exactly what something is - กำหนด, ระบุ, ทำให้ชัดเจน
disclose: to give information to people - เปิดเผย
down: when a machine or computer system is not currently working or operating -
duty-free: goods from another country that you don't need to pay a tariff or tax on -
emergency: an unexpected situation involving danger in which immediate action is necessary - เหตุฉุกเฉิน
entire: including everything, everyone or every part - ทั้งหมด
environmental impact assessment: an evaluation/research project into the possible positive or negative effects that a proposed project may have on the environment - การประเมินผลกระทบสิ่งแวดล้อม
estimate: an amount that you guess or calculate using the information available - ประมาณการ
examine: to look at somebody/something closely, to see if there is anything wrong or to find the cause of a problem - ตรวจ
exceed: to be more than something; to go beyond a limit - เกินกว่าที่กำหนด
express: to tell someone about a feeling, opinion, or aim by speaking or writing about it - แสดงออก (ทางความคิดหรือความรู้สึก) โดยใช้คำพูดหรือการเขียน, พูดออกมา
figure: a number representing a particular amount, especially one given in official information - ตัวเลข, จำนวนเลข
frustration: an annoyed or discouraged feeling because you cannot do or have what you want - ความผิดหวัง, ความไม่พอใจ
hub: the central or main part of something where there is most activity - จุดศูนย์กลาง
huge: very large - ใหญ่โต
influence: to affect or change how someone or something develops, behaves or thinks - มีอิทธิพลต่อ, ชักจูง อำนาจบังคับ
initial: early; first - เบื้องต้น
insist: to keep saying very firmly that something is true - ยืนกราน ยืนยัน
inspect: to look at something carefully - ตรวจสอบ, ตรวจสอบอย่างละเอียด
landing: an act of bringing an aircraft or a spacecraft down to the ground after a journey - การลงสู่พื้นดิน
lengthy: very long - ที่ยืดยาว
maintenance: work that is done to keep something such as a building, machine, or piece of equipment repaired and in good condition - การซ่อมบำรุง
major: very large or important - สำคัญมาก
managed to: in the end, did do something, but it was difficult and seemed not possible -
message: a piece of written or spoken information that you send to someone, especially when you cannot speak to them directly - ข่าวสาร, ข้อความ
official: done by people in authority or decided by the government; announced publicly - เป็นทางการ
officials: people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
parboiled: to boil rice until it is partly cooked - ข้าวนึ่ง, ข้าวเปลือกนำมานึ่งแล้วทำให้แห้งและนำไปสี เป็นการสงวนรักษาวิตามิน B1
passenger: someone who travels in a motor vehicle, aircraft, train, or ship but is not the driver or one of the people who works on it - ผู้โดยสาร
process: a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result - แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ
propose: to suggest an idea for a group to consider - เสนอ
proposed: suggested as an idea for a group to consider - ถูกเสนอ
purpose: the intention to achieve something - ความตั้งใจ, ความประสงค์, ความปรารถนา, ความตั้งใจ
reaction: the way something responds as a result of something that happens - ปฏิกิริยา การตอบสนอง, ปฏิกิริยาตอบโต้
realised: achieved - ทำให้เป็นจริง
relieve: to help improve a bad situation - ผ่อนคลาย, บรรเทา
reportedly: as reported (often used for showing that you are not certain that something you are reporting is true) - ตามที่รายงาน
reserve: something currently not being used but that can be used when needed - สำรองไว้
rice pledging scheme: a government programme in which a fixed price, in this case well above the market price, is offered to rice farmers for their harvested rice - การจำนำข้าว
runway: a long narrow strip of ground with a hard surface that an aircraft takes off from and lands on - ทางขึ้นลงของเครื่องบิน
scheme: a plan that is developed by a government or large organisation in order to provide a particular service for people - แผนการ โครงการ
setback: something that happens which delays or prevents a process from advancing - การหยุดยั้งการก้าวหน้า,ความล้มเหลว,การถอยหลัง
shutdown: turning something off, so that it is not operating anymore -
significantly: in an important way - อย่างสำคัญ
source: a person who gives information to the media such as a newspaper -
standard: average or normal rather than having special or unusual features - ซึ่งเป็นมาตรฐาน
stock: to collect large amounts of things that may be needed - เก็บสะสมไว้ใน
strain: pressure on somebody/something because they have too much to do or manage, or something very difficult to deal with; the problems, worry or anxiety that this produces - ความตึงเครียด
suffer: to experience something very unpleasant or painful - ประสบ
surpass: to do or be better than somebody/something - เหนือกว่า, เก่งกว่า, ดีกว่า, เกินกว่า
take-off: leaving the ground and beginning to fly - บินขึ้น
tariff: customs tax, a tax paid on goods coming into a country (and sometimes on goods going out) - ภาษีศุลกากร
tender: to formally offer something, usually in writing - ยื่น
undergo: to experience something, especially something that is unpleasant but necessary - ผ่านประสบการณ
undertaking: something difficult that you do - ภาระกิจ
warehouse: a large building for storing things - โกดังสินค้า, คลังสินค้า, โรงพัสดุ