Fresh Egypt violence after crackdown kills more than 550 | Bangkok Post: learning

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(Updated) Fresh Egypt violence as 80 killed in Friday's "Day of anger"

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Latest: Backers of Egypt's ousted president Mohamed Morsi pledged to stage daily demonstrations, as security forces besieged a Cairo mosque full of Islamist protesters after a day of clashes on Friday that left more than 80 dead. 

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An Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood supporter walks near fires in Cairo's Ramses square on August 16, 2013 as clashes broke out with police during a demonstration in support of Egypt's ousted president Mohamed Morsi. (Khaled Kamel/AFP)

Saturday update:

At least 80 dead in "Friday of anger"

CAIRO, AFP — Backers of Egypt's ousted president Mohamed Morsi pledged to stage daily demonstrations, as security forces besieged a Cairo mosque full of Islamist protesters after a day of clashes on Friday that left more than 80 dead.

The fresh call for protest marches raised fears of more violence in Egypt, with the country already reeling from the deaths of at least 578 people on Wednesday when police cleared camps set up by loyalists of the deposed Islamist leader.

The siege of the Al-Fath mosque in the Ramsis area came at the end of what Islamists billed a "Friday of anger" marked by clashes between security forces and Morsi supporters, who have vowed to fight for his reinstatement after the military ousted him on July 3.

Security officials quoted by the official MENA news agency said "armed elements" were "shooting security forces and police from inside the mosque."

Morsi's Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) said in a statement there were "thousands of people trapped" in the mosque.

A demonstrator inside the mosque said soldiers offered to evacuate the women but insisted on questioning the men, which the protesters refused.

The protester inside the mosque who spoke to AFP said there were almost 1,000 people holed up in the house of worship.

Friday's unrest started as Morsi supporters emerged from mosques in the capital to protest and violence erupted almost immediately, with gunshots ringing out in Cairo and security forces firing tear gas.

Friday's story



An Egyptian security forces' armoured vehicle drives amidst remains of a protest camp by supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi and members of the Muslim Brotherhood. (Khaled Desouki/AFP)

Fresh Egypt violence after crackdown kills more than 550

By Sara Hussein (AFP)

CAIRO — Fresh violence targeted the security forces in a tense Egypt Thursday, as Washington cancelled a joint military exercise in response to a crackdown on protesters that killed nearly 600 people.

Security sources said at least seven soldiers and a policeman were killed in attacks in the Sinai peninsula, and another policeman was killed in the central city of Assuit.

A supporter of Egypt's ousted president Mohamed Morsi holds his children tight as Egyptian security forces move in to disperse by force pro-Islamist protesters in a huge camp in Cairo's Al-Nahda square on August 14. (Engy Imad/AFP)

With the country under a state of emergency and many provinces hit by night-time curfews, the interior ministry ordered police to take tough measures after a series of attacks on government buildings.

The death toll from nationwide clashes following Wednesday's operation to clear two protest camps in support of ousted president Mohamed Morsi rose to 578, making it the country's bloodiest day in decades.

International criticism of the bloodshed poured in, with diplomats saying the UN Security Council would hold an emergency meeting on Egypt at 2130 GMT on Thursday at the request of Australia, Britain and France.

Egyptian supporters of Egypt's ousted president Mohamed Morsi confront riot police at Cairo's Mustafa Mahmoud Square after security forces dispersed Morsi supporters on August 14, 2013. AFP

The carnage prompted fierce international condemnation, led by the United States, with President Barack Obama announcing a joint US-Egyptian military exercise would be cancelled.

"While we want to sustain our relationship with Egypt, our traditional cooperation cannot continue as usual when civilians are being killed in the streets and rights are being rolled back," he said.

But despite cancelling the Bright Star exercise, which has been scheduled every two years since 1981, he stopped short of suspending Washington's annual $1.3 billion in aid to Egypt.

UN rights chief Navi Pillay called for "an independent, impartial, effective and credible investigation of the conduct of the security forces."

"The number of people killed or injured, even according to the government's figures, point to an excessive, even extreme use of force against demonstrators," she said.

A man grieves as he looks at one of many bodies laid out in a makeshift morgue after Egyptian security forces stormed two huge protest camps at the Rabaa al-Adawiya and Al-Nahda squares where supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi were camped. (Mossab El-Shamy/AFP)


Morsi supporters had called for Cairo marches but that call was not heeded, while small protests were staged in coastal Alexandria and southern Beni Sueif.

Meanwhile, attacks against churches and Christian properties that began on Wednesday continued for a second day, with activists saying at least 25 churches had been targeted.

As relatives sought to identify their dead, Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad insisted protesters would "remain strong, defiant and resolved."

"We will push forward until we bring down this military coup," he tweeted.

In Cairo, at the Al-Iman mosque, dozens of corpses of protesters clad in white shrouds were lined up before grieving relatives.

At the two protest sites where Morsi loyalists had camped since his July 3 ouster, trucks cleared charred debris.

Meanwhile, Egypt's interior ministry announced new security measures on Thursday, ordering police to use live fire if government buildings came under attacks.

From the Bangkok Post:

The Thai embassy in Cairo has issued a warning to Thai citizens living in Egypt to stay indoors and avoid travelling to many locations.

Jakkrit Srivali, deputy spokesman at the Foreign Ministry, yesterday said the embassy in Cairo had notified Thai students and citizens through the Thai Students Association in Cairo and leaders of Thai communities in Egypt to tell Thais to stay indoors and refrain from travelling to dangerous locations for their own safety.

Vocabulary:

activist: someone who takes part in activities that are intended to achieve political or social change, especially someone who is a member of an organisation - นักกิจกรรม

aid: help; assistance - ความช่วยเหลือ

amidst: in the middle of - ระหว่าง

annual: happening every year - ทุกๆปีด, ประจำปี

armoured vehicle: a military vehicle that is heavily protected by a metal covering - รถหุ้มเกราะ

backer: someone who strongly supports someone or something - ผู้สนับสนุน

besiege: to surround a place and prevent people or supplies from getting in or out - ห้อมล้อม ล้อมปิด

bill: to describe or advertise somebody/something in a particular way - เรียกว่าเป็น, อธิบายเป็น

bloodshed: a situation in which people are killed or injured, especially during fighting - การนองเลือด

brotherhood: an organisation formed for a particular purpose, especially a religious society or political organisation, the relationship of brothers ภราดรภาพ, ความเป็นพี่น้องกัน - ภราดรภาพ, ความเป็นพี่น้องกัน

carnage: a situation in which there is a lot of death and destruction - การฆ่าอย่างโหดร้าย

charred : blackened from fire - ไหม้เกรียม

citizen: someone who has the right to live permanently in a particular country - พลเมือง 

clad: dressed or covered - สวมใส่

clash: a brief fight between two or more people - การปะทะกันสองฝ่าย

coastal: of an area of land beside the sea - แนวชายฝั่งทะเล

condemnation: a public statement in which someone criticises someone or something severely - การประนามหยามเหยียด

conduct: the way something is carried out; the way someone behaves, especially in relation to particular rules or accepted ways of behaving - การดำเนินการ, ความประพฤติ

cooperation: working together to achieve a result that will benefit all sides - ความร่วมมือ, การทำงานร่วมกัน

corpse: a dead body - ศพ

coup d’etat: the seizure of power in a country by a group of people, usually members of the armed forces - รัฐประหาร

crackdown: strong action that someone in authority takes to stop a particular activity - การใช้กำลังเข้าปราบปรามของเจ้าหน้าที่

credible: able to be believed or trusted - น่าเชื่อถือ

criticism: comments that show that you think something is wrong or bad - การวิจารณ์

curfew: a law that does not allow people to go outside between a particular time in the evening and a particular time in the morning - เคอร์ฟิว, ห้ามออกนอกบ้านในยามวิกาล

death toll: the number of people killed - ยอดผู้เสียชีวิต

debris: broken pieces that are left when something large has been destroyed - เศษ ซากปรักหักพัง  ซากสิ่งของที่ถูกทำลาย

decade: a period of ten years - ทศวรรษ

defiant: refusing to obey a person or rule; refusing to accept that something is true - แสดงการท้าทาย, ไม่ยอมทำตาม, ไม่เชื่อฟัง

demonstration: an occasion when a group of people gather together to support or protest about something - การชุมนุม

demonstrators: people who march with other people in public to show that they support or oppose something - ผู้ชุมนุมประท้วง

deposed: forced from a position of power - ที่ถูกปลด ไล่ออกจากตำแหน่ง

deputy: a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation - รอง

despite: used to show that something happened or is true although something else might have happened to prevent it; used to show that somebody did not intend to do the thing mentioned - ถึงอย่างไรก็ตาม, ทั้ง ๆ ที่

diplomat: an official whose job is to represent their government in a foreign country - นักการทูต

disperse: (of a crowd) to cause to separate and move in different directions, i.e., to end being a crowd - สลาย (การชุมนุม)

effective: producing the result that was intended - ได้ผลดี

elements: sets or groups of people - องค์ประกอบ

embassy: a group of officials who represent their government in a foreign country - สถานทูต

emerge: to come out of - ออกจาก

emergency: an unexpected situation involving danger in which immediate action is necessary - เหตุฉุกเฉิน

erupt: to start suddenly - ปะทุขึ้น

evacuate: to cause to leave a place because it is not safe - เคลื่อนย้ายออกจาก

excessive: much greater than is usual; too much of something   - มากเกินปริมาณที่พอดี

extreme: considered unreasonable by many people - ที่สุดโต่ง

fierce: very strong - รุนแรง, ดุเดือด

figure: a number representing a particular amount, especially one given in official information - ตัวเลข, จำนวนเลข

grieve: to feel very sad, especially because somebody has died - เศร้าโศก, เสียใจ

heeded: considered someone’s advice or warning and did what they suggested - ปฏิบัติตามคำแนะนำ

identify: to specify who someone is - ระบุชื่อ

impartial: fair; not connected to or influenced by one particular person or group - เป็นกลาง ไม่เข้าข้างฝ่ายใด ยุติธรรม

independent: done or given by somebody who is not involved in a situation and so is able to judge it fairly - อิสระ, ไม่ขึ้นใคร

insist: to keep saying very firmly that something is true - ยืนกราน ยืนยัน

investigation: the process of trying to find out all the details or facts about something in order to discover who or what caused it or how it happened - การสอบสวน, การตรวจสอบหาข้อเท็จจริง

joint: done together; belonging to or shared between two or more people - ที่ร่วมกัน, ความร่วมมือกัน

live fire: real bullets and ammunition - กระสุนจริง

loyalist: a person or group that strongly supports someone or something, especially the government or ruler in power - ผู้ซื่อสัตย์,ผู้จงรักภักดี

makeshift: used temporarily for a particular purpose - ซึ่งทดแทนชั่วคราว, สำหรับใช้ชั่วคราว

meanwhile: at the same time - ในเวลาเดียวกัน

measure: a firm action taken to solve a problem or stop a dangerous unpleasant situation - มาตราการ

morgue: a building in which dead bodies are kept before they are buried or cremated (= burned) - ที่เก็บศพ, ห้องเก็บศพ

mosque: a building in which Muslims worship - มัสยิด, สุเหร่า

nationwide: throughout a whole country - ทั่วทั้งประเทศ

notify: to tell someone officially about something - แจ้ง

operation: a planned activity involving a lot of people, especially soldiers or police officers - การปฏิบัติการ

ousted: forced out of a position of power - ขับออกจากอำนาจ

peninsula: a long piece of land that is mostly surrounded with water, but is joined at one end to a larger area of land - คาบสมุทร

pledged: seriously promised to do something - สาบาน

pour: to flow or enter in large amounts - ไหล

prompt: to cause something to happen or be done - ก่อให้เกิด

protest: a meeting or rally, sometimes forceful or violent, of people who strongly disagree with something - ชุมนุมประท้วง

quote: to repeat the words that someone else has said or written - ยกคำพูดมา

reel: to feel very shocked, upset or confused - ตกตะลึง 

refrain: to stop yourself from doing something - ระงับ เลิก

refuse: to say or show that you will not do something that someone has asked you to do - ปฏิเสธ

reinstatement: putting someone back in their previous position again - การให้กลับมารับตำแหน่งเดิม

relationship: the way in which two people, groups or countries behave towards each other or deal with each other - ความสัมพันธ์

relative: a member of your family - ญาติพี่น้อง

request: an act of asking for something in a formal or polite way - การขอร้อง

resolved: determined - ซึ่งตัดสินใจแล้ว, ซึ่งตกลงใจแล้ว

rights: the basic rights which it is generally considered all people should have, such as justice and the freedom to say what you think - สิทธิ

scheduled: planned to happen at a particular time or day - ตามตารางเวลา

security forces: members of the military (army, navy, air force, and similar organizations) or police -

shroud: a piece of cloth that is wrapped around a dead body -

sought (past tense of seek): tried to get/do something; asked for something - พยายามได้, พยายามได้มา

spokesman: a person who speaks on behalf of a group or an organization - โฆษก

stage: to organise an event or activity - จัด

state of emergency: a dangerous situation in which the government takes on special powers and the rights of the people are often limited in some way - ภาวะฉุกเฉิน   

storm: to use force to enter a place and try to take control of it - บุกกระหน่ำ

suspend: to stop for a period of time - ยกเลิกชั่วคราว, ระงับชั่วคราว

sustain: to keep; to continue - รักษาไว้

target: to deliberately try to attack someone or something - ตั้งเป็นเป้าหมาย

tear gas: a gas used by some police and armed forces to control crowds of people. It hurts the eyes and makes them produce tears - ก๊าซน้ำตา

tense: feeling nervous or worried - เครียด

tough: demanding that particular rules be obeyed and showing a lack of sympathy for any problems or suffering that this may cause - ดื้อรั้น,แข็งแรง,ใจแข็ง

traditional: of a custom, a way of life or a way of doing things that has not changed for a long time - เป็นประเพณี, ตามธรรมเนียม, ตามที่ปฏิบัติกันมา

trapped: to be in a dangerous or unpleasant situation from which it is difficult or impossible to escape - ถูกกับดัก

UN Security Council: one of the main agencies of the United Nations and in the maintenance of international peace and security - สภาความมั่นคงแห่งสหประชาชาติ

unrest: angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting or fighting against something - สถานการณ์ที่ไม่สงบ

violence: physical force with the deliberate intention of causing damage to property or injury or death to people - ความรุนแรง, การใช้กำลังทำลาย

vow: to make a formal and serious promise to do something - สาบาน, ปฏิญาณ

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