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New cigarette warning labels on hold

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The Central Administrative Court has ordered the Public Health Ministry to suspend the enforcement of a new cigarette health warning. 

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The order by the Public Health Ministry would have required that a new anti-smoking pictures and messages cover 85 per cent of the packet, as of October. APICHIT JINAKUL

Notice how the story is organised. First it details the court complaint made by the Philip Morris company against the Public Health Ministry's new regulation. Then it details the ministry's response to the court. Finally, it details the court's decision. Notice also that the case is not finished.

Tobacco packet push stalled

Court says new law is burdensome, has questionable value

Post Reporters

The Central Administrative Court has ordered the Public Health Ministry to suspend the enforcement of a cigarette health warning enlargement regulation in a high-profile case filed by tobacco giant Philip Morris against the ministry.

The company on Monday hailed the court's decision, which was handed down last Friday.

Philip Morris lodged a complaint with the court on June 26, asking it to issue an injunction suspending the enforcement of a new regulation requiring tobacco warning labels to cover 85% of the total visible packaging surface, up from 55% at the moment. It also asked for the regulation, which was to take effect on Oct 2, to be scrapped.

The plaintiff claimed the ministry acted beyond its legal powers and failed to consult thousands of retailers and manufacturers in violation of due process requirements. It also claims the measure substantially impairs the ability of manufacturers and importers to use their trademarks to differentiate their products from those of competitors.

Further, Philip Morris says the regulation is unnecessary given that the risks associated with smoking are well known.

The requirement for each 10-pack carton to contain 10 different warning images would impose a hefty burden on tobacco producers as packaging technology now does not support such design diversification, the company says.

During the court hearing, the ministry argued the regulation was in line with the World Health Organisation's (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which supports the use of health warnings to prevent the young and non-smokers from trying tobacco products.

The National Tobacco Control Board has also resolved that on-package health warnings are the most effective means of reminding consumers of the dangers of smoking, the ministry said.

Regarding the diversification of health warning images on cigarette cartons, the ministry has already agreed to give tobacco firms another 180 days from Oct 2 to adjust packaging machines.

The court concluded the hearing last month and ruled on Friday for the regulation' s enforcement to be suspended.

"The regulation contains several legal problems that need to be considered," the court said.

The problems include clarifying the reason behind the enlargement of the health warning labels; whether the regulation will cause an excessive burden on the plaintiff; whether the ministry has thoroughly weighed the benefit of the regulation for public health protection against the damages that may be caused to the plaintiff; and if the ministry has listened to opinions from affected parties.

The court ruled the enforcement of the regulation be delayed until a final judgement is made.

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Vocabulary:

adjust: to change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable - ปรับ

Administrative Court: the court which deals with disputes between the private sector and government agencies - ศาลปกครอง

argue: to give reasons why you think that something is right/wrong, true/not true, etc, especially to persuade people that you are right - ห้เหตุผล, อ้างเหตุผล

associated with: connected with in some way - ที่เชื่อมโยงกัน

benefit: an advantage you get from a situation; a helpful or good effect, or something intended to help - ผลประโยชน์, ข้อได้เปรียบ, ผลดี

burden: a serious or difficult responsibility that you have to deal with - ภาระ

burdensome: causing worry, difficulty or hard work ที่เป็นภาระ, ยากลำบาก,ยุ่งยาก - ที่เป็นภาระ, ยากลำบาก,ยุ่งยาก

carton: a light cardboard or plastic box or pot for holding goods, especially food or liquid; the contents of a carton; a large container in which goods are packed in smaller containers - กล่อง

clarify: to explain something more clearly so that it is easier to understand - แจกแจง   ชี้แจง

competitor: a person, team or company that is competing against others - ผู้แข่งขัน, คู่แข่ง

complaint: when someone says that something is wrong or not satisfactory - การร้องเรียน

consider: to give careful thought to something before making a decision - พิจารณา

consult: to ask for information or advice from someone - หารือ

convention: an official agreement between countries or leaders - สนธิสัญญ, ข้อตกลง

delay: to do something later than is planned or expected; to cause something to happen at a later time - เลื่อน, เลื่อนเวลา

detail: to give a list of facts or all the available information about something - อธิบายโดยละเอียด, ชี้แจงรายละเอียด

differentiate: to see or show a difference between things - แยกแยะระหว่าง

diversification: developing a wider range of products, interests, skills, etc. in order to be more successful or reduce risk - การทำให้หลากหลาย

due process: the correct way of dealing with a legal trial or other legal matters, that makes sure that people’s rights are protected -

effective: producing the result that was intended - ได้ผลดี

enforcement: the process of making sure that something happens, especially that people obey a law or rule - การบังคับใช้กฎหมาย

enlargement: the process or result of something becoming or being made larger - การขยาย, การเพิ่ม, การทำให้กว้างขึ้น

excessive: much greater than is usual; too much of something   - มากเกินปริมาณที่พอดี

file: to take official action, in this case, to make an official complaint - ยื่นคำร้อง

framework: a system of rules, ideas or beliefs that is used to plan or decide something - ขอบข่ายงาน, โครงร่าง

hail: to praise; to say good things about - ชื่นชม  

hefty: large (and heavy) - มาก

high-profile: creating a lot of public attention - เป็นที่สนใจจากคนในสังคม

impair: to damage something or make something worse - ทำให้แย่ลง, ทำให้คุณภาพลดลง, ทำให้เสียหาย

importer: a person, company, or country that brings goods into their country in order to sell them - ผู้นำเข้า

impose: to force someone to accept something - กำหนด,บังคับ

in line with: following a rule or system; also in accordance with and consistent with - สอดคล้องกับ

injunction: an order form a court that prevents someone from doing something - คำสั่งคุ้มครองชั่วคราว, คำสั่งห้าม

issue: to officially give out - ออก

judgement: the decision of a court or a judge - พิพากษา

label: a piece of paper, etc. that is attached to something and that gives information about it - ฉลาก, แถบ

legal: relating to the law - เกี่ยวกับกฎหมาย

lodge a complaint: to make a formal statement to someone in authority that someone has done something wrong - ยื่นคำร้อง

manufacturer: a person or company that manufactures a product - ผู้ผลิต

measure: a firm action taken to solve a problem or stop a dangerous unpleasant situation - มาตราการ

packet: a small paper or cardboard container in which a number of small objects are kept or sold - ห่อของเล็กๆ

party: one of the people or groups of people involved in a situation, an official argument or arrangement - คู่กรณี

plaintiff: someone who makes a legal complaint against someone else in court - โจทก์

questionable: involving doubts about whether something has been done properly - ที่น่าสงสัย

regulation: an official rule that controls the way that things are done - กฎระเบียบ

requirement: something that you must have or do in order to do or get something else - ข้อกำหนด, ข้อบังคับ

resolve: to make a formal decision - ตัดสิน, มีมติ

retailer: a person or company that sells goods directly to the public for their own use - ผู้ขายปลีก

risk: the possibility that something dangerous or unpleasant might happen - ความเสี่ยง

rule: (of a court or other group with similar authority) to make and announce a decision - ตัดสิน, พิพากษา, ชี้ขาด

scrapped: decided not to continue with something, such as a plan or event - ยุติแผนที่วางไว้

stalled: delayed - ล่าช้า ถ่วงเวลา

substantially: very much; a lot; in a significant way - อย่างมาก

surface: the outside or top layer of something - ผิวหน้า, ผิวภายนอก, ด้านนอก

suspend: to stop for a period of time - ยกเลิกชั่วคราว, ระงับชั่วคราว

trademark: a name, symbol or design that a company uses for its products and that cannot be used by anyone else - เครื่องหมายการค้า

violation: an action that is against a law, agreement, principle, etc. - การฝ่าฝืน

visible: able to be seen - ที่มองเห็นได้

weigh: to consider something carefully before making a decision - ชั่งน้ำหนัก, พิจารณา

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