What's new in business news: September 18, 2013 | Bangkok Post: learning

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What's new in business news: September 18, 2013

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Airport court for crimes against foreigners opens on Monday, seafood industry signs MoU to end child labour & computer ICT skills for latest technology needed urgently. 

An average of 250 crimes a day are reported at the busy Suvarnabhumi airport, and authorities believe a new fast-track court will be able to clear many cases so that passengers are not inconvenienced. (AFP file photo)

LABOUR 

Seafood industry signs MoU to end child labour

In a move to address the problem of child labour in the seafood industry, 130 companies signed a memorandum of understanding yesterday pledging to adopt good labour practices (GLP) guidelines for workplace labour practices in the food and shrimp industries.

The move is aimed to help protect workers from practices such as child labour, forced labour, workplace discrimination and from sub-standard working conditions. The minimum age for employment under the Labour Protection Act is 15.

The companies signing the MoU are all regularly audited by other countries but the GLP should be implemented in the workplaces of other companies as well, labour activists suggest.  Inspections by government agencies should be done intensively and factories should be aware of how subcontractors recruit workers.

The seafood sector exports around 1 million tonnes of seafood per year that is worth over 200 billion baht and the industry employs over 1 million people. Thailand is on the US's Tier 2 Watch List of countries producing goods by child labour or forced labour and risks being downgraded to Tier 3 which might lead to a range of trade sanctions.

[Read full story labour" >here ]

TOURISM

Airport court for crimes against foreigners opens on Monday

Suvarnabhumi airport's court to handle cases of crimes against foreigners at the airport will open on Monday. From January to August this year, 1,980 crimes, mostly petty crimes, were reported at Suvarnabhumi airport involving 1,047 suspects

A video conference system will connect to Samut Prakan provincial court where judges will consider cases remotely. The court will be flexible and schedule cases conveniently for foreigners so they can leave the country when they need to. The aim of the airport court is to improve the tourism image of the country, reduce crimes at the airport and facilitate justice. Similar courts are planned for Don Mueang and Phuket airports.

[Read full story here ]

TECHNOLOGY 

Computer ICT skills for latest technology needed urgently 

Thailand remains short of workers skilled in emerging technologies such as mobile apps, cloud computing, big data, business intelligence and Facebook application development.

Existing general IT professionals number only 10,000. A survey of local IT professionals showed 76.4% saw the shortage of skilled people in these areas as a big challenge to their catching up with new technologies. 

Organisations are prioritizing boosting the number of staff skilled in mobile app development both for Apple and Android devices. Thai firms are also short on cloud computing expertise with the top four cloud computing platforms in Thailand being Google's App Engine (22.4% share), Microsoft's Windows Azure (19%), Amazon Web Services (13%) and Heroku (5.6%).

[Read full story skills" >here ]

Learn from listening

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Vocabulary:

Act: a law passed by a country’s government - กฎหมาย

activist: someone who takes part in activities that are intended to achieve political or social change, especially someone who is a member of an organisation - นักกิจกรรม

address: to deal with a problem - จัดการปัญหา

adopt: to accept or to start using something new - นำมาใช้

agency: a government department that provides a particular service - หน่วยงานราชการ

aim: purpose; goal - เป้าหมาย จุดมุ่งหมาย

aim: to have as your purpose or goal - มีเป้าหมาย มีจุดมุ่งหมาย

application (app): a program designed to do a particular job; a piece of software - โปรแกรมใช้งาน, โปรแกรมคอมพิวเตอร์

as well: also, too - อีกด้วย

audit: to officially examine the financial records of a company, organisation, or person to see that they are accurate - สอบบัญชี

authority: a person or government agency who has the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ

average: ordinary; not unusual or different in any way - ธรรมดา, ปกติ

aware: to know that something exists, or to have knowledge or experience of a particular thing - ทราบ

boost: to increase - เพิ่ม

case: a matter that is being officially investigated or heard by a court - คดี

catch up: to talk to someone you have not seen for some time and find out what they have been doing -

challenge: something that needs a lot of skill, energy, and determination to deal with or achieve - สิ่งที่ท้าทาย, การท้าทาย

clear: to successfully deal with a problem or case and thus remove it from your to-do list -

consider: to give careful thought to something before making a decision - พิจารณา

contractor: a person or company whose job is to do work for another person, organisation, company, etc. - ผู้รับเหมา

convenient: easy to do, or not causing problems or difficulties - สะดวก

court: the place where legal trials take place and where crimes, etc. are judged - ศาล

crime: an illegal activity or action - อาชญากรรม

device: a machine or piece of equipment that does a particular job - อุปกรณ์ เครื่องมือ เครื่องจักร

discrimination: the practice of treating someone or a particular group in society less fairly than others - การเลือกปฏิบัติ, การแบ่งแยก

downgrade: to reduce someone or something to a lower rank or position - ลดความสำคัญ

employ: to have someone work or do a job for you and pay them for it - ว่าจ้าง, จ้าง

employment: when a person has work that earns them money - การจ้างงาน, การงาน

existing: used now - ที่มีอยู่

expertise: a high level of knowledge or skill - ทักษะความรู้, ความคิดเห็นของผู้เชี่ยวชาญ

facilitate: to make it possible or easier for something to happen - ทำให้สะดวกขึ้น

fast-track: operating quickly, doing the job without delay -

firm: a business or company - บริษัท

flexible: able to change to suit new conditions or situations - เปลี่ยนแปลงได้,แก้ได้

force: making someone do something that they don't want to do - การบังคับ

guidelines: official instructions or advice about how to do something - สิ่งที่ช่วยแนะแนวทางให้ปฏิบัติ

handle: to be able deal with a situation - ควบคุมได้, เอาอยู่, จัดการได้

image: an opinion that people have about someone or something - ภาพลักษณ์

implement: to make something such as an idea, plan, system or law start to work and be used - นำแผนหรือนโยบายมาปฏิบัติ, นำมาใช้

inconvenience: an annoying problem or situation, especially one that forces you to make an extra effort to do something - ความไม่สะดวกสบาย  ความลำบาก

inconvenienced: caused to have difficulties - ได้รับความไม่สะดวก

inspection: an official process of checking that things are in the correct condition or that people are doing what they should - การตรวจสอบตรวจตรา

intensive: extremely thorough; done with a lot of care; involving a lot of work or activity done in a short time - เข้มข้น, เข้มงวด, คร่ำเคร่ง

judge: someone whose job is to make decisions in a court of law - ตุลาการ, ผู้พิพากษา

justice: a fair result or punishment from a court of law - ความยุติธรรม

labour: people whose job involves hard physical work that is not skilled, especially work that is done outdoors - กรรมกร, ผู้ใช้แรงงาน

latest: newest; most recent - ] ล่าสุด, See also: ทันสมัยที่สุด, เกิดหลังสุด

memorandum of understanding (MOU): a document used to describe a form of a written agreement between two or more groups, countries, etc. The document is not as strong as a contract but outlines a commitment between the two to work together toward the same purpose or goals -

minimum: the lowest possible; the lowest allowed - ต่ำที่สุด, น้อยที่สุด

mobile: able to move or be moved around - ซึ่งเคลื่อนที่ได้ง่าย

mobile (technology): of devices, especially telecommunication devices, that can easily be moved around, e.g., mobile phones, tablets, notebook computers - อุปกรณ์ซึ่งเคลื่อนที่ได้ง่าย

move: action -

passenger: someone who travels in a motor vehicle, aircraft, train, or ship but is not the driver or one of the people who works on it - ผู้โดยสาร

petty: small and unimportant - เล็กน้อย, ไม่สำคัญ, ไม่ค่าที่จะสนใจ

platform: the type of computer system or the software that is used -

pledge: to make a serious promise to do something - สัญญา

practice: a way of doing something - การปฏิบัติ

prioritize: treat some task as important and needing to be done first, before other tasks -

professional: a person who does a job that needs special training and a high level of education - ผู้เชี่ยวชาญในวิชาชีพ,ผู้มีวิชาชีพ

provincial: related to "provinces" , the different parts of a country -

range: a number of different things that are of the same general type - ขอบข่าย

recruit: to get someone to work in a company or join an organisation - จ้างงาน

regularly: done or happening often, especially with the same time and space in between each activity and the next - เป็นประจำ, เสมอๆ

remotely operated: controlled from a distance -

risk: to cause someone or something to be in a dangerous situation - เสี่ยงอันตราย

sanction: an official order, such as the stopping of trade or business dealings, which is taken against a country, group or person in order to make it obey international law - การคว่ำบาตร

schedule: a plan that lists all the work that you have to do and when you must do each thing - ตารางเวลา, กำหนดการ

short of: not having enough of something - ขาดแคลน

shortage: when there is not enough of something - การขาดแคลน

sign a contract: agree to do something in exchange for something such as money - เซ็นสัญญา

similar: like somebody/something but not exactly the same - คล้ายกัน

skill: the ability to do something well, usually as a result of experience and training - ฝีมือ, ทักษะ

skilled: having enough ability, experience and knowledge to be able to do something well - มีทักษะ,

software development: the process of writing and testing computer programs and applications (apps) -

staff: workers employed by a person or organisation considered as a group - คณะผู้ทำงาน, คนงาน

standard practice: the way things are normally done - การปฏิบัติที่เป็นมาตราฐาน

standards: a level of quality that is normal or acceptable for a particular person or in a particular situation - มาตรฐาน, บรรทัดฐาน

standards: rules for behaving which should be obeyed - มาตรฐาน, บรรทัดฐาน, กฎเกณฑ์, กรอบ

sub: below -

sub-standard: below the standards for what can be accepted - ต่ำกว่ามาตรฐาน, ต่ำกว่าระดับปกติ

subcontractor: a contractor that the main contractor doing a project hires to do work -

suggest: to mention an idea or a plan for somebody else to think about - เสนอ, เสนอแนะ

survey: to ask a large number of people questions to find out their opinions - สำรวจ

suspect: a person who is thought to have committed a crime - ผู้ต้องสงสัย

trade: the buying and selling of goods and services - การค้าขาย

urgently: needing to be dealt with immediately - อย่างเร่งด่วน

worth: having a value in money, etc - มีค่า, มีมูลค่า

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