Drought control, not floods, was Mae Wong's aim | Bangkok Post: learning

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Drought control, not floods, was Mae Wong's aim

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A leading environmental advocate has insisted the Mae Wong dam was originally intended to solve a water shortage, not tackle floods. 

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Sueb Nakhasathien Foundation secretary-general Sasin Chalermlarp discusses the controversial Mae Wongdam project before a House committee on political development, media and public participation yesterday. CHANAT KATANYU

Sasin says original rationale for Mae Wong was to solve drought

Aekarach Sattaburuth

A leading environmental advocate has insisted the Mae Wong dam was originally intended to solve a water shortage, not tackle floods.

Its initial purpose was to "cope with drought, not floods", Sueb Nakhasathien Foundation secretary-general Sasin Chalermlarp told a House committee on public participation affairs yesterday.

The panel, chaired by Democrat MP for Ubon Ratchathani Suphachai Sila, convened to hear from the Water and Flood Management Commission (WFMC), which is administering the project, and opponents of the dam led by Mr Sasin's group. Critics say the project lacks a complete environmental and health impact assessment, or EHIA, and that backers have failed to get the views of villagers near the dam site in Nakhon Sawan's Mae Wong National Park.

Deputy Prime Minister Plodprasop Suraswadi, also WFMC chairman, earlier said the government is preparing to conduct a new study of the dam with its purpose shifted from irrigation to flood prevention.

The dam, if built, would destroy the habitat of tigers in the park. The dam would hold 200 million cubic metres of water, or 30-40% of the water flowing downstream to the Sakae Krang River basin. "I don't oppose the government's water management in the area. But why not choose a better alternative to the dam?" he said.

Supot Tovichakchaikul, secretary-general to the Office of the National Water and Flood Management Policy who spoke on Mr Plodprasop's behalf, admitted the dam would not completely solve flood problems but could ease the impact of water run-off from the North.

The government needs the dam to complement the national flood prevention scheme, Mr Supot said.

The cabinet last year gave the nod for the dam. However, the project cannot start without approval of the EHIA.

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administer: to be responsible for managing a company, organization, or institution - บริหารงาน, จัดการ, ดำเนินการ

admit: to agree that something is true, especially when you are unhappy, sorry or surprised about it - ยอมรับ

advocate: someone who strongly and publicly supports someone or something - ผู้สนับสนุน

alternative: another choice - ทางเลือก, ตัวเลือก

approval: agreement to do or accept something - ความเห็นชอบด้วย

backer: someone who strongly supports someone or something - ผู้สนับสนุน

basin: a large area of land whose surface water all flows into a particular river or lake - ลุ่มน้ำ

cabinet: the group of government ministers who make and approve government policy - คณะรัฐมนตรี

commission: an official group of people who have been given responsibility to control something, or to find out about something, usually for the government - คณะกรรมการ, คณะกรรมาธิการ

complement: (of two people or things) to work or look better because they are together; to add to something in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive - ทำให้สมบูรณ์

conduct: to do something in an organised way; to carry out — - ลงมือทำ, ดำเนิน, ปฏิบัติ

controversial: causing disagreement or disapproval - ซึ่งก่อให้เกิดการโต้แย้ง

convene: to call a meeting - เรียกประชุม

cope with: to deal successfully with a difficult situation or job - จัดการกับปัญหา แก้ปัญหา

critic: someone who gives their opinion about something - นักวิจารณ์

cubic metre: the volume of a cube with edges one metre in length - ลูกบาศก์เมตร

deputy: a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation - รอง

downstream: in the direction that a river or stream is flowing - ตามกระแสน้ำ

drought: a long period of time when there is little or no rain - ฝนแล้ง, ภัยแล้ง, ความแห้งแล้ง)

ease: to make a problem, situation or pain less severe or serious - บรรเทา

environmental: involving the place in which people live and work, including all the physical conditions that affect them - เกี่ยวกับสภาพแวดล้อม, สิ่งแวดล้อม

Environmental and Health Impact Assessment (EHIA): a process which seeks to predict the impact of a development before the development proposal has been approved, so that negative impacts can be reduced or avoided - การประเมินผลกระทบสิ่งแวดล้อม

flow: (of a liquid) to move continuously in one direction - ไหล

foundation: an organisation that provides money for things such as medical research or for a charity - มูลนิธิ

give the nod: to approve; to give official permission - อนุมัต

habitat: the type of place that a particular animal usually lives in or a particular plant usually grows in - ถิ่นที่อยู่ของพืชหรือสัตว์

House (of Representatives): the largest part of Congress in the US, or of the Parliament in Australia and Thailand - สภาผู้แทนราษฎร

impact: an effect or influence - ผลกระทบ

initial: early; first - เบื้องต้น

intended: planned; wanted to happen - ที่ได้วางแผนไว้ ที่ตั้งใจให้เกิดขึ้น

irrigation: the process of bringing water to land through a system of pipes, ditches, etc. in order to make crops grow - ระบบชลประทาน

lack: to not have something needed - ขาด

on behalf of: as a representative of - ในนามของ ในฐานะของ

opponent: someone who disagrees with you or who is competing against you - ผู้ไม่เห็นด้วยกับ, ฝ่ายตรงข้าม

oppose: to disagree with or not approve of a plan or policy - คัดค้าน

original: the first of something - เดิม, แบบฉบับ

panel: a group of people who make decisions or judgments - คณะกรรมการ

participation: to take part in or become involved in an activity - การมีส่วน

policy: a set of plans or action agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group - นโยบาย

prevention: preventing something bad from happening - การป้องกันภ้ย

purpose: the intention to achieve something - ความตั้งใจ, ความประสงค์, ความปรารถนา, ความตั้งใจ

rationale: the set of reasons that something such as a plan or belief is based on - คำชี้แจงเหตุผล, พื้นฐานของเหตุผล

run-off: rain, water or other liquid that runs off land into streams and rivers - น้ำหลาก

scheme: a plan that is developed by a government or large organisation in order to provide a particular service for people - แผนการ โครงการ

shift: to change - เปลี่ยน

shortage: when there is not enough of something - การขาดแคลน

site: a place where something is located - สถานที่

tackle: to make an organised and determined attempt to deal with a problem - จัดการกับปัญหา

view: a personal opinion, belief, or attitude about a particular situation or subject - ความคิดเห็น

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