About 20% of Thai abortions use illegal medicine. Should abortion drugs mifepristone & misoprostol be legalized in Thailand?
Doctors back 'abortion pills'
A group of academics and doctors has urged the government to legalise abortion pills in Thailand.
Bunyarit Sukrat, deputy director of the Reproductive Health Bureau, said Wednesday the abortion pill has been declared safe by the World Health Organisation and been used in many countries so there is no reason Thailand should not import the medicine.
Abortion is illegal in Thailand.
A public health survey of 101 hospitals in 2011 found one-third of miscarriages were caused by botched abortions.
Women will end up opting for unsafe abortions if the health system does not provide abortion services, said Sutham Pinjaroen from the Prince of Songkla University's Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department.
"I don't think any woman wants to get pregnant just to have an abortion," he said.
Thanaphan Boonchu, another lecturer from the Prince of Songkla University's Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, said the termination of unwanted pregnancy should be handled by doctors. Patients should be able to consult doctors when an abortion may be called for.
The drugs mifepristone, known as RU-486 during tests, and misoprostol, were approved by the WHO in 2005, Dr Thanaphan said.
He said misoprolstol should be used for a pregnancy of more than 12 weeks, and patients should be hospitalised before using the medication, since it causes a lot of bleeding.
For RU-486, typically used in cases where the woman has been pregnant less than nine weeks, Dr Thapanphan urged women to consult a doctor, and not buy the drug over the counter, where there is no information regarding quality and production.
Of Thai patients who have had abortions, 28% were 15-19 years old, about 20% used illegal medicine and 20% were operated on by people who lacked the required qualifications. The survey also found that 21.4% of women seeking abortion had complications, particularly excessive bleeding.
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abortion: a medical operation in which a developing baby is removed from a woman’s body so that it is not born alive - การทำแท้ง
academic: someone who teaches at a college, or who studies as part of their job - นักวิชาการ
approve: to give official permission - อนุมัต
attempt: when a person tries to do something or achieve some goal, makes an effort to do it - ความพยายาม
bleed: losing blood, especially from a wound or an injury - เลือดออก
bleeding: losing blood, especially from a wound or an injury - เลือดออก
botch: to do something very badly or carelessly - ทำผิดพลาด
case: a matter that is being officially investigated or heard by a court - คดี
complications: additional medical problems which make it more difficult to treat an existing illness - อาการแทรกซ้อน
consult: to ask for information or advice from someone - หารือ
declare: to announce officially that something is true or happening - ประกาศ ยืนยัน
end up: to be in a certain situation or place after doing something - ลงท้าย, ในที่สุด, ลงเอย
excessive: much greater than is usual; too much of something - มากเกินปริมาณที่พอดี
handle: to deal with a situation, a person, an area of work or a strong emotion - ควบคุม, ปฏิบัติ,จัดการ
hospitalise: to send somebody to a hospital for treatment - ให้อยู่โรงพยาบาล
illegal: against the law - ผิดกฎหมาย, นอกกฎหมาย
import: to buy or bring in products from another country - นำเข้า
lack: to not have something needed - ขาด
legalise: to make something be according to the law - ทำให้มีอำนาจตามกฎหมาย ทำให้ถูกต้องตามกฎหมาย
medication: a medicine, or a set of medicines or drugs used to improve a particular condition or illness - ยารักษาโรค
miscarriage: an early unintentional end to a pregnancy when the baby is born too early and dies because it has not developed enough - การแท้งบุตร (คำทางการ)
opt: to make a choice or a decision from a range of possibilities - เลือก
over the counter: when a drug can be bought by a patient without permission or a "prescription" from a doctor -
particularly: especially, or more than usual - โดยเฉพาะ
patient: someone who is receiving medical treatment - คนป่วย, คนไข้
pill: a small flat round piece of medicine that you swallow without chewing it - ยาเม็ด
pregnancy: the state of being pregnant, having a baby developing inside - การตั้งท้อง
pregnant: having a baby developing inside the body - ท้อง ตั้งครรภ์
production: the process of growing or making food, goods or materials, especially large quantities - การผลิต
public health: the health of all the people in a country, city or community and their health issues; also the name of a government department - การสาธารณสุข
qualifications: the abilities, qualities, degrees, etc. that you need for a particular job or activity - คุณสมบัติ, คุณวุฒิ
quality: the standard of something when it is compared to other things like it; how good or bad something is - คุณภาพ
reason: a fact that makes it right or fair to do something; the power of the mind to think in a logical way, to understand and have opinions, etc - ความมีเหตุผล, การใช้เหตุผล
reproductive: related to making babies - เกี่ยวกับการสืบพันธุ์
require: to make somebody do or have something, especially because it is necessary according to a particular law or set of rules - บังคับใช้ (กฎหมาย) กำหนด
seek (medical treatment): to ask somebody for something, in this case, medical treatment - ไปหาหมอ
surgery: medical treatment in which a doctor cuts open someone’s body - การผ่าตัด
survey: to ask a large number of people questions to find out their opinions - สำรวจ
termination: the act of ending something -
typically: usually; normally - อย่างเป็นแบบฉบับ
urge: to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take - ผลักดัน, กระตุ้น
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