The US government is open until at least January 15 and it will have enough money to pay its bills until February thanks to a last-minute deal approved the US Congress.
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All 54 Democratic members of the Senate were joined by 27 Republicans in voting for the bill to reopen the US government and raise the amount it can legally borrow Eighteen Republicans voted no. The House of Representatives passed the bill shortly afterward.
US Govt: Back in business – temporarily
CNN's countdown clock showed only about 3 hours to go before the US Government theoretically ran out of the abilty to borrow more money to cover its huge debts
But last-minute deals are nothing new for the US Congress and, as expected, first the Senate and then the House of Representatives passed a bill to end the 16-day government shutdown and to raise the limit on how much the Treasury Department can borrow to pay its creditors around the world.
Temporarily, that is. The measure adopted by Congress only funds the US government until January 15 and allows it to borrow freely until February 7.
The dispute largely between the Republican-controlled House of Representatives and the Democrat-controlled Senate centered initially on President Obama's controversial health-care programme which was voted into law in 2010.
It is only just being implemented however, and House Republicans and some senators saw a chance to defund large parts of the programme in exchange for keeping the government open and raising the debt ceiling
This was flatly rejected by President Obama and Democrats in both Houses of Congress, and public opinion strongly opposed an extreme measure like a government closure and an economically suicidal measure like a debt default
Confronted with an October 17th deadline on raising the debt limit Democrat and Republican Senate leaders crafted the deal which passed today.
All 54 Democratic members of the Senate were joined by 27 Republicans in voting for the bill Eighteen Republicans voted no.
In the House, 198 Democrats and 87 Republicans voted for the bill Opposing it were 144 Republicans. No Democrats voted against the bill
The Republicans got very little in the deal nothing on healthcare and only a promise of negotiations to reduce future government spending. Thus, there may be more battles to come.
The American people are fed up with the partisan wrangling in Congress, however, and international credit rating agencies like Fitch and S&P, have warned that a lowering of the US government's credit rating is possible if the deadlock continues. That may make negotiations a bit easier the next time around.
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adopt: to accept or to start using something new - นำมาใช้
bill: a proposal for a law - ร่างกฎหมาย
borrow: to take money from a bank, financial organisation, person, etc. and pay it back over a period of time - ยืม
ceiling: an upper limit - เพดาน ขีดจำกัด
confront: to face, meet or deal with a difficult person, group or situation - เผชิญหน้า
congress: the elected group of politicians who are responsible for making United States laws - รัฐสภาอเมริกา
controversial: causing disagreement or disapproval - ซึ่งก่อให้เกิดการโต้แย้ง
craft: to make or produce something using special skills -
credit: the status of being trusted to pay back money to somebody who lends it to you - ความน่าเชื่อถือทางเครดิต ทางด้านการเงินและทรัพย์สิน; ฐานะทางการเงิน
credit rating: a judgement made by a bank, etc. about how likely somebody is to pay back money that they borrow, and how safe it is to lend money to them - การจัดอันดับความน่าเชื่อถือ
creditor: someone to whom money is owed - เจ้าหนี้
deadline: a time or day by which something must be done - เส้นตาย
deadlock: a situation in which neither person or group involved in a disagreement is willing to change their opinions or positions - หมดหนทาง ไม่มีทางแก้
deal: a formal agreement, especially in business or politics - การตกลงซื้อขาย, ข้อตกลง, การซื้อขาย
debt: an amount of money that you owe - หนี้
default: failure to repay a debt - การไม่ยอมชำระหนี้ การผิดสัญญา
defund: to take money that was previously approved away so that it cannot be used -
dispute: a serious disagreement - ข้อโต้แย้ง
extreme: considered unreasonable by many people - ที่สุดโต่ง
fed up with: annoyed or bored with something that you feel you have accepted for too long - เบื่อ, ผิดหวัง โดยเฉพาะกับสิ่งที่เจอมานาน
flatly: in a firm and definite way intended to end discussion of a subject -
fund: to provide money for something - ให้เงินทุน
House of Representatives: the largest part of Congress in the US, or of the Parliament in Australia and Thailand - สภาผู้แทนราษฎร
implement: to make something such as an idea, plan, system or law start to work and be used - นำแผนหรือนโยบายมาปฏิบัติ, นำมาใช้
in exchange for: giving something to someone and receiving something else from them of a similar type or value - แลกเปลี่ยน
initially: at first - ในเบื้องต้น
legally: correct according to the law - ตามกฎหมาย
limit: the largest or smallest amount, or the highest or lowest level, of something that is allowed - ขอบเขต, เขต
measure: an action taken to solve a particular problem - มาตรการ
negotiations: formal discussion in which people or groups try to reach an agreement - การเจรจาต่อรอง
opinion: your feelings or thoughts about somebody/something, rather than a fact - ความเห็น, ความคิดเห็น, ทัศนคติ
oppose: to disagree with or not approve of a plan or policy - คัดค้าน
partisan: showing strong and usually unfair support for one particular person, group, or idea - ซึ่งถือพรรคถือพวก, ซึ่งลำเอียง
reject: to not accept something - ปฏิเสธ ไม่ยอมรับ
Senate: one of the two groups of politicians who make laws in some countries, for example in the US, Australia, Canada and Thailand - วุฒิสภา
suicidal: very dangerous and likely to lead to death; likely to cause very serious problems or disaster - เป็นการฆ่าตัวตาย,เป็นอันตรายต่อชีวิต
temporarily: only for a limited time; not permanent - ชั่วคราว
theoretically: that could possibly exist, happen or be true ตามหลักทฤษฎี, ตามหลักการ - ตามหลักทฤษฎี, ตามหลักการ
Treasury department: the government department in charge of overseeing government possessions, appraisimg real estate (property), and overseeing money production - กรมธนารักษ์
wrangling: arguing about something for a long time, especially in an angry and unpleasant way - การทะเลาะ
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