HMK donates gold for Mahabodhi temple | Bangkok Post: learning

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HM the King donates gold for Mahabodhi temple

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Mahabodhi temple, one of the world's holiest Buddhist shrines, is to have its dome inlaid with 300 kilogrammes of gold donated by His Majesty the King and other devotees 

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Thai workers apply gold inlay to the spire of India's Mahabodhi Temple, in Bodh Gaya, some 100 kilometres from Patna. AFP

Indian temple to glitter with 300kg of Thai gold

The Mahabodhi Temple. Photo by Ken Weiland licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.

PATNA, INDIA - Mahabodhi temple, one of the world's holiest Buddhist shrines, is to have its dome inlaid with 300 kilogrammes of gold donated by His Majesty the King and other devotees, officials said Thursday.

The precious metal arrived late Monday on a special flight from Bangkok and is under armed guard at the temple in Bodh Gaya, a holy town about 100 kilometres from Patna, the capital of Bihar state.

"A 40-member team including experts and two dozen commandos from Thailand have arrived at Bodh Gaya with gold in 13 boxes," Arvind Kumar Singh, a member of the temple management committee, said.

The gold is worth around US$14.5 million (450 million baht) at the current international price.

The work at the complex, which was rocked by a series of crude bombs in July, was likely to be finished in about a month.

The Mahabodhi temple, built about 1,500 years ago, is a Unesco world heritage site and marks the place where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment in 531 BC.

Along with temples, dozens of monasteries housing monks from around the world are located near the complex which has a celebrated 24-metre-tall statue of the Buddha.

After his meditations beneath a holy tree, the Buddha is said to have devoted the rest of his life to teaching.

Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama makes frequent trips to the complex, which attracts visitors during the peak tourist season from October to March.

N Dorjee, secretary of the temple committee, said about 100 kg of gold had been donated by His Majesty and the rest by Buddhist devotees.

Princess Bajrakitiyabha of Thailand (3R) prays as she visits the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodhgaya on November 8, 2011. AFP

The decision to offer gold for the dome was taken last year by the king after which permission was sought from the local authorities, Mr Dorjee said.

"The first phase of the work involved chemical treatment and was completed in August. It prepared the foundation for gold plating,'' he said.

"Stairs have been now installed around the temple's dome to enable experts to reach the top of the structure and inlay it with thin gold sheets.''

In July, nine small bombs exploded at the temple complex, wounding two monks.

The blasts were allegedly carried out by the Indian Mujahideen, a home-grown extremist group, in retaliation for violence against Muslims by Buddhists in neighbouring Myanmar. AFP

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Vocabulary:

allegedly: stated without giving complete proof - ที่ถูกกล่าวหา, นัยว่า

apply: to put or spread something such as paint, cream, etc. onto a surface - ทา, ไล้, ฉาบ, ป้าย

armed: carrying a weapon - ติดอาวุธ

attain: to succeed in getting something, usually after a lot of effort - บรรลุผล,สำเร็จ,ได้มา,ถึง,ได้ความรู้

attract: to cause someone to be interested in something - ดึงดูดความสนใจ

authority: a person or government agency who has the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ

blast: an explosion - การระเบิด

capital: the most important town or city of a country, usually where the central government operates from - เมืองหลวง

carry out: to do something, to finish and complete a task - ทำให้สมบูรณ์, ทำให้สำเร็จ

celebrated: famous for having good qualities - ที่มีชื่อเสียง

commando: a soldier trained to attack in areas controlled by an enemy - สมาชิกของหน่วยจู่โจม

committee: a group of people who are chosen, usually by a larger group, to make decisions or to deal with a particular subject - คณะกรรมการ

complex: a large building with various connected rooms or a related group of buildings -

crude: simply made, not showing much skill or attention to detail - ที่ไม่มีการพัฒนา

current: of the present time - ปัจจุบัน

devote: to spend a lot of time or effort doing something - อุทิศ,สละ,ใส่ใจ

devotee: a very religious person who belongs to a particular group; a person who admires and is very enthusiastic about somebody/something - ผู้มีใจศรัทธา,ผู้อุทิศตัวกับ,ผู้หมกมุ่นใน

dome: a rounded roof on a building or a room, or a building with such a roof - หลังคารูปทรงกลม

donate: to give something such as money or goods to an organisation, especially to a temple, charity, school, political party, etc. - บริจาค

enable: to make someone able to do something, or to make something possible - ทำให้เป็นไปได้

enlightenment: knowledge about and understanding of something; the process of understanding something or making somebody understand it - การให้ความรู้,การทำให้กระจ่าง, การตรัสรู้, ความเห็นแจ้ง, การรู้แจ้ง (พุทธศาสนา)

expert: someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject - ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ

extremist: a person or group whose opinions, especially about religion or politics, are extreme, and who may do things that are violent, illegal, etc. for what they believe - พวกหัวรุนแรง,ผู้นิยม

foundation: supporting structure - รากฐาน

frequent: happening often - เกิดขึ้นบ่อย

glitter: to shine with a lot of small bright flashes of light - พร่างพราย

house: to provide a place for somebody to live or stay - จัดบ้านหรือที่พักให้อยู่

inlay: a design or pattern on a surface made by setting wood or metal into it; the material that this design is made of - สิ่งเลี่ยม, สิ่งฝังเลี่ยม, การจารึก,การสลัก,การฝัง

inlay: to decorate the surface of something by putting pieces of wood or metal into it in such a way that the surface remains smooth - ฝัง

install: to put a piece of equipment somewhere and make it ready for use - ติดตั้ง

involve: to be an important or necessary part or result of something - เกี่ยวพัน, เกี่ยวข้อง, พัวพัน

local: in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น

located: where something is - ตั้งอยู่

mark: to show that something is happening or happened - เป็นเครืองแสดง เป็นการเริ่มต้น

meditation: the practice of thinking deeply in silence, especially for religious reasons or in order to make your mind calm - การทำสมาธิ, วิปัสสนา

monastery: a building or series of buildings in which monks live, worship and work together - วัด, ที่อยู่อาศัยของพร

neighbouring: located or living near or next to a place or person - ติดกัน, ที่อยู่ใกล้เคียง, ที่ตั้งอยู่ใกล้เคียง

peak: the time when something is at its highest or greatest level - ช่วงเวลาที่พบมากที่สุด

permission: allowing someone to do something - การอนุญาต,การอนุมัติ,การยินยอม

phase: a particular period of time during the development of something - ตอน, ขั้นตอน, ช่วง, ระยะ

plating: a thin covering of a metal, especially silver or gold, on another metal - โลหะที่เคลือบอยู่ชั้นนอก

precious: worth a lot of money; rare or very necessary; loved or valued - ที่มีค่าสูงส่ง

retaliation: doing something harmful or unpleasant to someone because they have done something harmful or unpleasant to you - การตอบโต้,การแก้แค้น

series: several events or things of a similar kind that happen one after the other - สิ่งที่ต่อเนื่องกัน

sought (past tense of seek): tried to get/do something; asked for something - พยายามได้, พยายามได้มา

spiritual: religious, or related to religious issues - เกี่ยวกับศาสนา

stairs: a set of steps built between two floors inside a building - บันได

statue: a human or animal image that is made of stone, wood, metal, etc. - รูปปั้น

treatment: a process in which a substance is put on something, for example in order to preserve or clean it - การใส่ (สารเคมีเป็นต้น)

violence: physical force with the deliberate intention of causing damage to property or injury or death to people - ความรุนแรง, การใช้กำลังทำลาย

World Heritage site: a place, building, structure, etc. that has been determined by the UN to be of great historical or culture value and is given a special protected status - โบราณสถานที่เป็นมรดกโลก

wound: to cause to be hurt, especially where the skin or flesh is damaged, usually seriously - ทำให้บาดเจ็บ

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